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Presentation on
BioInformatics
Group Members
 Md Rifat Rahman ID: 162-15-1049
 Hasan Haider ID: 162-15-1041
 Arifur Jaman ID: 153-15-607
 Mohammad Salim Hosen ID: 162-15-1044
What is Nucleotide?
 The Cell is considered to be the building block of life
 Eukariyotic cells nucleus have dense amount of cromatin
 Most of the chromatin condenses into long, thin strings
called chromosome.
 One class of the macromolecules contained in chromatin are
called nucleic acid.
 The nucleic acid monomer is called a nucleotide.
List of Nucleotides
 There are 5 nucleotides that are commonly used in biochemistry and
genetics. Each nucleotide is a polymer made up of three parts:
 A five carbon sugar (2'-deoxyribose in DNA or ribose in RNA)
 A phosphate molecule
 A nitrogenous (nitrogen-containing) base
 The five bases are adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine, and uracil,
which have the symbols A, G, C, T, and U, respectively.
Transcribing DNA into RNA
 There are DNA and RNA in cromatin.
 DNA has Adenine,Guanine,Cytosine and Thymine Bases
 RNA has Adenine,Guanine,Cytosine and Uracil Bases
 RNA differs from DNA in that it contains a base called uracil in place
of thymine.
Counting Point Mutations
 A mutation is simply a mistake that occurs during the creation or
copying of a nucleic acid, in particular DNA.
 Because nucleic acids are vital to cellular functions, mutations tend to
cause a ripple effect throughout the cell.
 There are many types of mutation.
 The simplest and most common type of nucleic acid mutation is
a point mutation, which replaces one base with another at a
single nucleotide.
Translating RNA into Protein
 proteins are chains of smaller molecules called amino acids. 20 amino acids
commonly appear in every species.
 The primary structure of a protein is the order of its amino acids. Some
proteins are composed of several subchains called polypeptides, while others
are formed of a single polypeptide.
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Presentation on Bio Informatics

  • 2. Group Members  Md Rifat Rahman ID: 162-15-1049  Hasan Haider ID: 162-15-1041  Arifur Jaman ID: 153-15-607  Mohammad Salim Hosen ID: 162-15-1044
  • 3. What is Nucleotide?  The Cell is considered to be the building block of life  Eukariyotic cells nucleus have dense amount of cromatin  Most of the chromatin condenses into long, thin strings called chromosome.  One class of the macromolecules contained in chromatin are called nucleic acid.  The nucleic acid monomer is called a nucleotide.
  • 4. List of Nucleotides  There are 5 nucleotides that are commonly used in biochemistry and genetics. Each nucleotide is a polymer made up of three parts:  A five carbon sugar (2'-deoxyribose in DNA or ribose in RNA)  A phosphate molecule  A nitrogenous (nitrogen-containing) base  The five bases are adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine, and uracil, which have the symbols A, G, C, T, and U, respectively.
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  • 7. Transcribing DNA into RNA  There are DNA and RNA in cromatin.  DNA has Adenine,Guanine,Cytosine and Thymine Bases  RNA has Adenine,Guanine,Cytosine and Uracil Bases  RNA differs from DNA in that it contains a base called uracil in place of thymine.
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  • 10. Counting Point Mutations  A mutation is simply a mistake that occurs during the creation or copying of a nucleic acid, in particular DNA.  Because nucleic acids are vital to cellular functions, mutations tend to cause a ripple effect throughout the cell.  There are many types of mutation.  The simplest and most common type of nucleic acid mutation is a point mutation, which replaces one base with another at a single nucleotide.
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  • 13. Translating RNA into Protein  proteins are chains of smaller molecules called amino acids. 20 amino acids commonly appear in every species.  The primary structure of a protein is the order of its amino acids. Some proteins are composed of several subchains called polypeptides, while others are formed of a single polypeptide.
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