1024 Utilization of Biofertilizer in Indonesia

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Presented by: Iswandi Anas, National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN), and Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Soil Biotechnology Laboratory, Indonesia

Presented at: 11th FNCA Coordinators Meeting

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1024 Utilization of Biofertilizer in Indonesia

  1. 1. UTILIZATION OF BIOFERTILIZER IN INDONESIA<br />ISWANDI ANAS<br />NATIONAL NUCLEAR ENERGY AGENCY (BATAN),<br />AND BOGOR AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY (IPB), SOIL BIOTECHNOLOGY LABORATORY, INDONESIA <br />PRESENTED AT 11TH FNCA COORDINATORS’ MEETING <br />11-12 MARCH 2010, TOKYO, JAPAN <br />
  2. 2. PROBLEMS RELATED TO FERTILIZERS IN INDONESIA<br />1970: INTRODUCTION OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS (NPK)<br />SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION IN USE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS<br />INCREASE IN SOIL DEGRADATION WITH REDUCTION IN SOIL ORGANIC MATTER (S.O.M) – INFERTILE SOILS 73%<br />ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION RESULTING FROM BUILD-UP OF AGROCHEMICALS IN SOIL AND WATER<br />LOW NUTRIENT UPTAKE EFFICIENCY AS ANOTHER RESULT<br />CHEMICAL FERTILIZERSHAVE BECOME VERY EXPENSIVE!<br />NEED CHEAPER, ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY FERTILIZERS AS ALTERNATIVES: BIOFERTILIZERS-BIOORGANIC FERTILIZERS<br />
  3. 3. BIO-FERTILIZERS<br />ORGANIC FERTILIZERS ENRICHED WITH BIOFERTILIZER<br />MULTI-FUNCTIONAL BIOFERTILIZER (N + P+ ANTAGONISTS)<br />N2-FIXING BACTERIA (RHIZOBIUM, AZOSPIRILLUM, AZOTOBACTER)<br />PHOSPHATE-SOLUBILIZING MICROBES (PSM) <br />PLANT GROWTH-PROMOTING SUBSTANCES<br />ANTAGONISTS (INHIBIT GROWTH OF PATHOGENS AND INSECT)<br />
  4. 4. DIFFERENT SOURCES OF RAW MATERIALS FOR ORGANIC FERTILIZERS<br />
  5. 5. PHOSPHATE-SOLUBILIZING MICROBES<br />Prof. Dr Iswandi Anas, 2006<br />5<br />COMMON PSM USED AS INOCULANTS FOR <br />BIOFERTILIZERS<br />N2-FIXING BACTERIA<br />
  6. 6. PROF DR ISWANDI ANAS IPB 2008<br />100 MILLION SEEDLINGS<br />VIAGRA TEST<br />RHIZOBIUM FOR ACACIA AND SOYBEAN <br />
  7. 7. PROF DR ISWANDI ANAS IPB 2008<br />FNCA BIOFERTILIZER GROUP FROM <br />8 COUNTRIES <br />
  8. 8. Production of bio-organic fertilizers in China<br /><ul><li> Data provided by the Center of Supervision, Inspection and Testing of </li></ul>BiofertilizerQuality of MOA <br />
  9. 9. Number of strains being usedfor biofertilizersin China<br />Free-living N-fixing bacteria >40<br />Associated N-fixing bacteria 106<br />Rhizobia>3,000<br />Phosphate-solubilizing strains ~80<br />Phosphate-decomposing strain >15<br />Silicate bacteria >30<br />PGPR 150-200<br />Antagonistic strains ~300<br />Pesticide degraders ~300<br />Fan, 2008<br />
  10. 10. BIOFERTILIZER-BIOORGANIC FERTILIZER UTILIZATION IN INDONESIA <br />Demo plot 2008 WSBF FNCA, 25 February 2009<br />VEGETABLE, FOOD CROPS, PLANTATION CROPS, FOREST PLANTATION<br />Note : Plot size 6.00 x 3.20 m<br />
  11. 11. Effect of bio-organic fertilizer on rice yield planted according to <br />System of Rice Intensification (SRI) (Iswandiet al., 2009)<br />CAN REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS<br />
  12. 12. BIO-FERTILIZER / BIO-ORGANIC FERTILIZER <br />FOR PLANTATION CROPS<br />CAN REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS NEEDED<br />27% FERTILIZER COST-SAVING FOR SEEDLINGS<br />24% FERTILIZER COST-SAVING FOR YOUNG OIL PALM TREES<br />50% NPK + 150 g BIOST<br />50% NPK + <br />100 g BIOST<br />100% NPK<br />
  13. 13. BIO-FERTILIZER / BIO-ORGANIC FERTILIZER FOR<br /> PLANTATION CROPS<br />
  14. 14. WEED-MULCH: EUPATHORIUM AND TITHONIA <br />
  15. 15. IMPORTANT OF ACCESSIBILITY TO RADIATION FACILITIES FOR STERILIZATION OF CARRIERS<br />
  16. 16. GOOD QUALITY OF BIOFERTILIZERS<br />1. “SUPER” MICROBES: ABILITY, SURVIVAL, COMPETITIVENESS, GROWTH RATE<br />2. CARRIERS: PEAT, COMPOST, CHARCOAL<br />3. GOOD STERILIZATION: <br />AUTOCLAVE (CONVENTIONAL)<br />IRRADIATION (Co60 OR EBM)<br />
  17. 17. Sterilization of bio-fertilizer carrier<br />Good Radiation Practice (GRP), 60 Co and EBM<br />Provide technical services on radiation technology for sterilization on materials<br />
  18. 18. STANDARDIZATION OF THE BIOFERTILIZERS QUALITY<br />QUALITY CONTROL AND QUALITY ASSURANCE TO PROTECT THE CUSTOMERS (FARMERS) AND PRODUCERS<br />INDONESIA (MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS):<br />QUALITY TESTING (NUMBER OF BENEFICIAL MICROBES IN CARRIERS, VIABILITY, ETC - BY LABORATORY TEST) <br />EFFECTIVITY TEST: EFFECT ON PLANT GROWTH AND YIELD<br />EXPIRATION DATE: NEEDS TO BE STANDARDIZED AND ENFORCED<br />FNCA – BIOFERTILIZER MEETING IN BANGKOK (2-6 NOV. 2010)<br />FNCA GUIDELINES FOR STANDARIZATION OF BIOFERTILIZERS <br />(REQUIRES COLLABORATION AMONG FNCA MEMBERS)<br />
  19. 19. REGISTERED BI0-ORGANIC FERTILIZERS IN INDONESIA <br />REGISTERED NON INORGANIC FERTILIZERS IN INDONESIA <br />
  20. 20. CONCLUSIONS<br />1. GROWING DEMAND FOR BIOFERTILIZERS AND BIO-ORGANIC FERTILIZERS<br />2. MULTIFUNCTIONAL BIOFERTILIZERS ARE NEEDED: N + P + OTHER NUTRIENTS + PLANT GROWTH PROMOTERS+ ANTAGONISTS<br />3. IRRADIATION TECHNOLOGY IS NEEDED TO PRODUCE GOOD QUALITY BIOFERTILIZERS (NEED AVAILABILITY AND ACCESS)<br />4. NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION OF BIOFERTILIZERS<br />5. STRONG SUPPORT FROM FNCA IN RESEARCH FUNDING CAN IMPROVE CURRENT SITUATION <br />

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