0856 Farmers’ Experience in the System of Rice Intensification

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Institution: AME Foundation, Bangalore, Karnataka

Audience: 3rd National SRI Symposium,
TNAU, Coimbatore, India

Subject Country: Karnataka, India

Published in: Technology, Travel
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0856 Farmers’ Experience in the System of Rice Intensification

  1. 1. Farmers’ Experience in SRI AME FOUNDATION, Bangalore, Karnataka
  2. 2. Name : Mr. Revanna Village : KB Hatti ( Kannaborayyan Hatti) Taluk : Kudligi District : Bellary State : N. Karnataka Land Holding : 3 acres of dry land & 0.4 acre irrigated land FARMER’S DETAILS
  3. 3. <ul><li>Food crops : Jowar, ragi, bajra, paddy </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial crops : Groundnut, sunflower </li></ul><ul><li>Dryland crops : Jowar, ragi, bajra, groundnut </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigated crops : Paddy, sunflower </li></ul>CROPS GROWN
  4. 4. WHY SRI PADDY? <ul><li>Scarcity of water </li></ul><ul><li>Reliance on others for irrigation water </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing cost of cultivation </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE CROPPING SITUATION: <ul><li>The water table has gone down more than 300 feet during the last 5 years, resulting in shortage of irrigation water </li></ul><ul><li>Costs of cultivation of paddy have increased from Rs. 10,000-12,000 per acre with yield stabilized about 12-14 Q/acre (3.25 tons/ha). </li></ul>
  6. 6. SRI PRACTICES <ul><li>Variety : KRH-2 </li></ul><ul><li>Chaffy seeds separation : </li></ul><ul><li>Salt solution (salt : water :: 1:4) </li></ul><ul><li>Seed rate : 2 kg/acre </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds germination : Seeds are soaked for 24 hours in water, then for 12 hrs more in a gunny bag </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Seed treatment : Azospirillum at a rate of 200 g/acre </li></ul><ul><li>Nursery bed: </li></ul><ul><li>20m X 1m X 10cm </li></ul><ul><li>2 raised beds for one acre </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Transplanting : </li></ul><ul><li>10-day-old seedlings </li></ul><ul><li>1-2 seedlings per hill </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation : </li></ul><ul><li>Initially: once in a week </li></ul><ul><li>During panicle initiation: twice in a week </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conoweeder operation : 1 st weeding 10 DAT In total, 4 weedings
  10. 10. EXPERIENCE WITH SRI <ul><li>Higher root growth </li></ul><ul><li>Less cost of </li></ul><ul><li>cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>More weed </li></ul><ul><li>infestation </li></ul><ul><li>More yield </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE EXPERIENCE (Economics) Farmer Practice SRI Practice Cost of cultivation Rs. 12,150/acre Rs. 8,450/acre Grain yield 19.5 Q/ac 20.5 Q/ac Fodder yield 13 cart loads/acre 15 cart loads/acre Net income Rs. 9,286/acre Rs.14,872/acre
  12. 12. <ul><li>Transplanting of 10-day-old seedlings is beneficial </li></ul><ul><li>SRI paddy requires less irrigation, only once in 6 days in red sandy soil </li></ul><ul><li>Costs of cultivation can be reduced, especially the cost of inputs with SRI practice </li></ul><ul><li>Labour requirement in SRI paddy is more because of weeding operations </li></ul><ul><li>Net income is more due to higher yield and lower cost </li></ul>LEARNING
  13. 13. <ul><li>Shri Basaveshwar Susthir Krashikar Sangha in KB Hatti organized a sharing event </li></ul><ul><li>15 farmers from different villages adopted the SRI method after seeing Revanna’s experience </li></ul>SPILL-OVER EFFECT

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