RGVN-SRIA Programme for enhancement of productivity of Rice
What is SRI?SRI is an acronym for System of RiceIntensification developed by Fr. Henri deLaulanie in the year 1983 in Madagascar.SRI is a system rather than a technology because it is not a fix set of practices.SRI involves a number of specifictechniques that are always to be testedand adopted according to the localconditions.
1. Use of young seedlings for transplanting i.e 8-14 days old.2. Careful transplanting of 1 seedling per hill.3. Planting at wider spacing (25 X 25 cm)4. Timely weed control.5. Water management (Alternate wetting and dr ying)6. Organic Manure application.
The intention of the project was to render technical suppor t and demonstration to the small and marginal farmers about SRI and thereby to attain the sustainable livelihood. The main objective of the pilot project is To increase food grain production. Employment generation in accordance with agricultural policy of Assam
SPONSORS OF SRI SIR DORABJI TATA TRUST(SDTT) NABARD POWERGRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED NUMALIGARH REFINERY LIMITED
RGVN-SRI HISTORY SPONSORS : SIR DORABJI TATA TRUST (SDTT),MUMBAI SRI DEMO CUM RESEARCH PROJECTProject Period April 2008 to March 2009Amount Sanctioned Rs. 27.91 LakhDistrict Coverage 21No. of NGO Partners 20No. of Master Trainers 10No.of Adopted farmers 795Area Coverage 414.2 AcresIncrease in Yield 10.9 Qt./Acre to 23.56 Qt./Acre
Less seed requirement makes some senses among the small and marginal farmers.• High organic matter in the paddy field because of incorporation of weeds. Crop weed-competition minimized.• Less water requirement• Greener, thicker, stronger, spreading and can be easily dif ferentiated.
PROGRAM FINDINGSThe key findings of the projects are as follows –SRI could be a right option for the farmers to increase theirproduction in food grain.Methods of irrigation are to be improved. There is plenty of water inAssam but management of the available water resource is to bedone properly specially in Sali crop.It would be better for SRI in Boro and early Ahu provided byirrigation facilities, because though we have sufficient rain waterwe cannot manage it when and where needed in Sali season.Farmers need some sort of support in terms of bio fertilizer, biopesticides & their appliances etc.
The pilot project can be termed as positive Since it is a new practice to the farmers of this region, in the beginning only few persons were found to be interested in adopting SRI. After the awareness camp many people had given consent but only few of them turned up. But now it is observed that most of the people where the SRI has been initiated are showing their willingness to adopt SRI under the proper guidance of SRI master trainer.
CHALLENGES for SRI In Kharif season flood is one of main challenges in Assam in Boro season area is less due to limited irrigation facilities Smalls& Marginal farmers are less interested in putting their small holding to any new cultivation practices due to apprehension of loss of production. Major land is under mono-cropping and flood prone. Small and fragmented land holding among the target group Animal Grazing is one of challenges in Boro Season.
RGVN-SRI HISTORY -- Cont- SPONSORS : SIR DORABJTATA TRUST (SDTT),MUMBAI SRI PROMOTION PROJECT April 2010 to March 2011(Extended uptoProject Period July,2011)Amount Sanctioned Rs. 38.58 LakhDistrict Coverage 8No. of NGO Partners 8No. of Master Trainers 16No.of Adopted 6128farmersArea Coverage 2120.14 Acres (Kharif-765.94 Acres, Summer-1354.20 Acres)Increase in Yield Kharif : 15.41 Qt/Acre to 27.49 Qt/ Acre (HYV) Summer : 15.08 Qt/Acre to 26.07 Qt/ Acre (HYV)
RGVN-SRI HISTORY -- Cont- SRI PROMOTION PROJECT (SDTT)Project Period Sep 2011 to Aug 2012Amount Sanctioned Rs. 31.32 LakhDistrict Coverage 8No. of NGO Partners 8No. of Master Trainers 16Targeted Farmers 8000Area Targeted 8000 Bighas or 2649 Acres
RGVN-SRI HISTORY -- Cont-SRI PROMOTION PROJECT (POWERGRID)Project Period FY 2011-12Amount Sanctioned Rs. 5.69 LakhDistrict Coverage 1No. of NGO Partner 1No. of Master Trainers 2No. of Adopted Farmers 300Area Coverage 300 Bighas or 99.33 AcresAchievements Ongoing
SRI HISTORY --Cont- SRI PROMOTION PROJECT (NRL)Project Period FY 2011-12Amount Sanctioned Rs. 7.24 LakhDistrict Coverage 1No. of Master 4TrainersNo. of Adopted 264Area CoverageFarmers 250 Bighas or 83Achievements Acres Ongoing
SRI PROMOTION PROJECT (NABARD)Year 1 Project Period FY 2010-2011 Amount Sanctioned 10.45 Lacs District Coverage 3 No. of Master Trainers 12 No. of Adopted 959 Farmers Area Coverage 3.97 acres Achievements Summer : 26 Qt/Acre to 43 Qt/Acre (Hybrid variety)
SRI PROMOTION PROJECT (NABARD)Year 2 Project Period FY 2011-12 Amount Sanctioned 7.32 lacs District Coverage 3 No. of Master Trainers 12 No. of Targeted 1680 Farmers Area Targeted 2828 bighas Achievements Ongoing
Traditional Vs SRI Conventional method SRI methodSl.NO1 20 kg per acre 2 kg per acre 2 25-30 days old seedlings are transplanted Only 8-14 days old seedlings are transplanted 3 Seedlings are pulled with force, root washed, bundled, Seedlings are treated very stacked thrown thereby causing lot of trauma and shock gently by scooping. No puling, to the plants. no bundling, no washing and no stacking. 4 Planted at random Planted in square pattern 5 33 hills are planted per sq meter 16 hills planted per sq meter 6 3 or more plants are planted in clumps Only one plant is planted per hill 7 Application of inorganic fertilizers are recommended Application of organic manures only is recommended. 8 Continuous flooding Moist condition
Cost of paddy cultivation under SRI for 0.33 acreSL PARTICULARES Man Rate SRI Traditional days sri/nor mal Rs Rs Rs1 Land Preparation 6 150 1000 10002 Organic fertilizer 1 ton 800 8003 Seedling preparation 1/3 150 150 3004 Seedling Transplanting 4/8 150 600 12005 Chemical Fertilizer 300 5006 Weeding 3 5007 Irrigation 6/10 Ltr 300 6008 Harvesting 200 2009 Cleaning Packaging, 1500 1500 Transportation Total Expenditure 5350 6100 Total Production 10 qt 7.2qt Total income Rs. 10000 Rs.7200 Profit Rs. 4650 Rs. 1100
In the SRI field 82 tillers at 60 days of transplantation Bio Fertilizer and Cow dung is used in the filed