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1061 New Approaches With Dramitic Results for Increasing Production of Tef and Other Field Crops

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1061 New Approaches With Dramitic Results for Increasing Production of Tef and Other Field Crops

  1. 1. New approaches with dramatic results for increasing production of tef and other field crops Sue Edwards & Hailu Araya Institute for Sustainable Development with Tareke Berhe & Zewdie Gebretsadik SasakawaGlobal Africa Association
  2. 2. Ethiopia - production constraints and opportunity Area 1.12 million sq km ; population over 80 million; 84% rural = 16 mill rural families
  3. 3. Where ISD works with farmers Regions to which ISD is expanding work in 2011 Tigray Region 12 woredas (districts) 57 communities Amhara Region 5 woredas (districts)
  4. 4. Average yield (kg/ha) Crop type Check (no input) Compost Chemical fertilizer Grain Straw Grain Straw Grain Straw Faba bean 1,378 2,121 2,857 4,158 2,696 3,783 Barley 1,115 2,478 2,349 4,456 1,861 3,739 Durum wheat 1,228 2,342 2,494 3,823 1,692 3,413 Teff 1,151 2,471 2,143 3,801 1,683 3,515 Maize 1,760 3,531 3,748 4,957 2,900 3,858 Hanfets* 858 2,235 1,341 3,396 1,199 2,237 Finger millet 1,142 2,242 2,652 4,748 1,848 3,839 * Hanfets is a mixture of barley and durum wheat Source: ISD data
  5. 5. The crops grown in compost-treated fields also had a higher grain index
  6. 6. SWI plot in Tahtai Maichew Row planted plot in July 2009
  7. 7. Mature Wheat in Gimbichu December 2009 Normal wheat: 39 grains/ear Row planted wheat : 56 grains/ear
  8. 8. Wheat Yield in q/ha equivalent from 7 farmers
  9. 9. Some examples of sorghum diversity
  10. 10. Finger Millet transplanted on ¼ ha
  11. 11. Finger Millet row planted starting to flower in July 2009
  12. 12. Finger Millet & Sorghum yields from 3 farmers Sorghum has usuallhy 1,200 seeds per head
  13. 13. Farmer practice Row planted Farmers’ conventional practice (broadcasting seed at the rate of 25 kg/ha or more) vs. Row planting (drilling seed in a line at the rate of 2.5 kg/ha). SCI with Tef – Debre Zeit, data from Dr Tareke & Ato Zewdie
  14. 14. High tillering in tef Transplanted tef in rows Tef panicles heavy with seed

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