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0882 Upscaling SRI in Orissa State

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Presenter: Arabinda K. Padhee

at 3rd National SRI Symposium,
TNAU, Coimbatore, India

Subject Country: Orissa, India

Presenter: Arabinda K. Padhee

at 3rd National SRI Symposium,
TNAU, Coimbatore, India

Subject Country: Orissa, India

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0882 Upscaling SRI in Orissa State

  1. 1. Upscaling SRI in Orissa State Dr. Arabinda K. Padhee, IAS Director of Agriculture and Food Production, Orissa
  2. 2. . Productivity of Rice in Orissa & All India (in kg./ha) Year Total Cereals Rice All-India Orissa All-India Orissa 1950-51 522 668 520 1960-61 710 906 1013 986 1970-71 872 847 1123 917 1980-81 1023 865 1336 1026 1990-91 1380 992 1740 1198 2000-01 1626 884 1901 1041 2006-07 1707 1213 2084 1557 2007-08 1854 1344 2203 1712
  3. 14. Government Interventions <ul><li>Earlier interventions facilitated by CBOs/NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Research by OUAT,WTCER,CRRI </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>NFSM, RKVY, ATMA, Work Plan Schemes </li></ul><ul><li>SRI Villages </li></ul><ul><li>SRI in State Agricultural Policy, 2008 </li></ul>
  4. 15. LIMITATIONS <ul><ul><li>In cases of small holdings of land surrounded by normal flooded rice fields, it becomes difficult to control water at saturation level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sufficient quantity of organic matter may not be available. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All the lands may not be perfectly leveled to practice SRI. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The availability of cono-weeders that are suited to particular soil types is a problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation of the bed before transplanting needs precision. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is risky to adopt this method in rainfed areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All types of soils may not be suitable to achieve higher productivity through SRI method </li></ul></ul>
  5. 16. ISSUES <ul><li>SRI for rainfed areas is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring the nutrient status of rice in continuous cropping with SRI </li></ul><ul><li>Development of low-cost power weeder </li></ul><ul><li>Development of low cost transplanter for SRI planting </li></ul><ul><li>Use of chemical fertilizers in SRI method, even though SRI is perceived bto be an organic system </li></ul><ul><li>The use of herbicide as pre-emergence application and even to substitute for weeding </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of rice cultivars of different maturity groups for their suitability </li></ul><ul><li>Direct-seeded vs. transplanted SRI </li></ul><ul><li>SRI as an adaptation strategy to reduce vulnerability to climate change </li></ul>
  6. 19. THANKS

Editor's Notes

  • SRI Overview - Govt of Orissa Kharif 2007 Dr C Shambu Prasad 17 May Presentation prepared for meeting with the Poverty Alleviation Foundation, Kathmandu, Nepal – November 9, 2006
  • SRI Overview - Govt of Orissa Kharif 2007 Dr C Shambu Prasad 17 May
  • SRI Overview - Govt of Orissa Kharif 2007 Dr C Shambu Prasad 17 May SRI was developed in Madagascar about 20 years ago as discussed in the next slide. This is a summary of the effects of changing the management of plants, soil, water and nutrients according to the insights brought together in SRI. The figures are based on over a dozen evaluations, including ones by IWMI, GTZ, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, China Agricultural University, Nippon Koei and other institutions.

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