System of Wheat Intensification (SWI)  in Mali – West Africa 3 years of experience  Erika Styger  SRI International Networ...
Mali - Timbuktu region   <ul><li>Sahelo-Saharien and Saharien climate </li></ul><ul><li>150-200 mm rain/yr </li></ul><ul><...
 
Irrigated Rice and Wheat in the Timbuktu region Village Irrigation Perimeter  30-35 ha - 1 motor pump Shared among 100 far...
SRI Story in Mali 2007 - 2011 <ul><li>2007: first farmer exploratory test: SRI:  9 t/ha vs 6.7t/ha  </li></ul><ul><li>2008...
SWI Pioneers in Mali, 2009 V illage chief, Horogoungou with Africare  extension officer; President of Agriculture  coopera...
First Farmer-led test of SWI in 2009 <ul><li>Organic matter application of 10-15 t/ha </li></ul><ul><li>Soil plowing and l...
 
System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) <ul><li>Seed reduction:  94%  (10 vs 170 kg/ha) </li></ul><ul><li>Yield increase:  +...
System of Wheat Intensification, 2010 2 nd  year
SWI in Mali, 2011 <ul><li>No funding to date </li></ul><ul><li>Africare agriculture extension  agent Harouna Ibrahim  cont...
Thank you! SRI-Rice, Cornell University
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1165 System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) In Mali, West Africa: Three Years Experience

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Presented by Erika Styger, SRI System of Rice Intensification
at the National Colloquium on System of Crop Intensification (SCI)
Held in Patna, Bihar on March 1, 2011

Published in: Technology, Travel
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1165 System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) In Mali, West Africa: Three Years Experience

  1. 1. System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) in Mali – West Africa 3 years of experience Erika Styger SRI International Network and Resources Center (SRI-Rice)
  2. 2. Mali - Timbuktu region <ul><li>Sahelo-Saharien and Saharien climate </li></ul><ul><li>150-200 mm rain/yr </li></ul><ul><li>Annual mean Temp: 29.1°C (13°- 43°C) </li></ul><ul><li>Food Security: >70% communes are among most vulnerable in Mali </li></ul>
  3. 4. Irrigated Rice and Wheat in the Timbuktu region Village Irrigation Perimeter 30-35 ha - 1 motor pump Shared among 100 farmers 0.33 ha / farmers
  4. 5. SRI Story in Mali 2007 - 2011 <ul><li>2007: first farmer exploratory test: SRI: 9 t/ha vs 6.7t/ha </li></ul><ul><li>2008: 60 farmers in Timbuktu: 9.1t/ha vs 5.5 t/ha </li></ul><ul><li>2009: 450 farmers in 5 regions: 7.7 t/ha vs 4.5 t/ha </li></ul><ul><li>2010: Scaling up to new sites, more farmers/site and more acreage; numbers not yet known </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2011: National SRI Coordination Committee under the Ministry of Agriculture </li></ul>
  5. 6. SWI Pioneers in Mali, 2009 V illage chief, Horogoungou with Africare extension officer; President of Agriculture cooperative in village of Hara Hara; Imam village of Douegoussou, Goundam and Dire Circles, Timbuktu region, Mali
  6. 7. First Farmer-led test of SWI in 2009 <ul><li>Organic matter application of 10-15 t/ha </li></ul><ul><li>Soil plowing and land leveling </li></ul><ul><li>3 treatments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct seeding: 25 cm x 25 cm, 1 seed/hill, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>seed soaking for 24 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transplanting at the 2 leaf-stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of Cono-weeder for soil aeration </li></ul>
  7. 9. System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) <ul><li>Seed reduction: 94% (10 vs 170 kg/ha) </li></ul><ul><li>Yield increase: +10% (2.2 vs 2.0t/ha) </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: mortality, spacing too large (25cm x 25cm) </li></ul><ul><li>Labor reduction: 40 % </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation water reduction: 30% </li></ul>SWI: 10.2 cm Traditional: 4.2 cm Panicle length Number of tillers 18.4 3.7
  8. 10. System of Wheat Intensification, 2010 2 nd year
  9. 11. SWI in Mali, 2011 <ul><li>No funding to date </li></ul><ul><li>Africare agriculture extension agent Harouna Ibrahim continues to work with 20 farmers on SWI (in spare-time) </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge to let people know about the importance of SWI </li></ul><ul><li>Experience on SWI/SCI in Bihar and India is crucial for the rest of the world </li></ul>
  10. 12. Thank you! SRI-Rice, Cornell University

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