Technology and branch of
studies and develops
intelligent machines and
founded on a claim that the
intelligence or i should say
sapience of homo sapiens
can be integrated in
machines & softwares.
They are OLD
Thinking machines and artificial beings
appeared in GREEK myths
animated cult images are worshipped in Egypt
By 19th and 20th century artificial humans
become a common feature in Fiction book
Field of AI research was founded at a
conference in the campus of dartmouth college
What we want to achieve??
Motion and Manipulation
Social and General Intelligence
ROBOETHICS: a concern with the moral behaviour of human as
they design, construct & use and treat of intelligent beings.
ROBORIGTHS: These are the moral obligations of society
towards its intelligent machines, like animal and human rights.
Machine-Ethics: It is the field of research concerned with the Artificial
Moral Agents(AMA), robots or artificially intelligent machines that
behave morally as though moral
Also known as synthetic consciousness or machine consciousness.
its aim is to define consciousness for the engineering artifact.
Chalmer’s argument:- David Chalmer proposed that the computers
perform computation and right kind of computation is needed for
possession of consciousness.
Computers running with right kind of computation will instantiate
Ethics :- a machine having Artificial Consciousness have a need to be
accessed. for example - it have to be purchased and used as a tool or a
central computer of a large building.
ARE THEY HUMANS?
Something that has an
appeared in 1912 when we
found fossils which are
morphologically similar to
humans but not identical.
Robot that is based on general
structure of men that walks on two
legs and have a upper torso.
They doesn’t look like real humans
they don’t have face instead have
helmets like Honda’s ASIMO
Android(male) and gynoid(female)
designed to look like real persons.
They have been developed in 2002.
Why They are needed?
as a research tool in various industries.
Human cognition is a field of study which is focused in how humans
learn from sensory information to develop motor action within the
It has been suggested that the advanced robots will facilitate the
enhancement of ordinary human beings.
Besides research, they are developed to perform human task like
personnel assistance, to assist sick and elderly people.
They can also handle jobs of receptionist and worker in automated
Now the next turn is to use them in space missions.
Technology can bring Imagination to life
till now we promised that a humanoid helping in our household works,
working in a production factory.
Humanoids will exhibit emotion, forge relationships, make decisions,
and develop as they learn through interaction with the environment.
Humanoid can adapt and create new capabilities based on the
Moreover humanoid offers the best research tool for the study of
human and brain
Will humanoid research propel robotics on to
great heights, channeling ideas from diverse
fields toward an ultimate goal?
Or will the quest to model ourselves prove to
be a stumbling block, or worse?
We may be our best models of intelligence; but
then again, we may also be our worst.
Many robotisict have argued that the way we
think we talk and act is tainted with
Humanoid Research has already
begun to accelerate. While only a few
institutions are fully dedicated to the
creation of humanoid robots, a host
of projects around the world are
meeting with encouraging success in
This section highlights endeavors in
legged locomotion, arm control and
dexterous manipulation, robot-
human interaction, service robots,
learning and adaptive behavior,
perception, and anthropopathic
What does the future hold??
While these projects are important steps in the right direction, functional results come slowly.
Like the human infants they model, contemporary humanoids are inefficient at most tasks and
require intensive training.
We have already manufactured machines with the ability to perform a task in exactly the same
way, time after time. While such behavior can be useful for some tasks, it is brittle and will fail
as soon as the wind changes
As humanoids begin to tap the random variation of the external world and transmute entropy
into creativity, philosophers will argue indefinitely about whether they have 'true' intelligence,
will, or emotion. Regardless, the majority of us will project these traits into them anyway.
We will watch as humanoids do things our flesh bodies do not allow and will observe their
power run out and see their bodies malfunction.
Even those who consider humanoids to be mere machines, unworthy of emotional interchange,
will find themselves responding differently to one humanoid than another
Recently, Hasbro has enlisted the help of top roboticists at iRobot to develop robot infants
that can be sold as toys. Complete with numerous servo motors and sensors, these inexpensive
robots can simulate body functions such as feeding and digestion, interact with humans and
even simulate real infant language learning.
Humanoid robot imitates lifelike interaction
Sam. E. Nole is a complex Nao
humanoid robot able to recognize a
face, listen and navigate with a sonar
He does a flawless Gangnam Style
dance, holds interesting
conversations and would gladly help
gather objects dropped on the floor.
He is able to recognize a face with
his two cameras, and listens with his
four microphones. He also has a
sonar rangefinder to help him
navigate his way around
“I swear, when you look at him, you
smile,” Littleton(Director of STEM
Institute) said. “His eyes blink and
he says, ‘What would you like me to
What if you have a Robot companion to see your old parents when
you are not at home??? Yes you read it write it is true now.
The robot, a mobile wheeled semi-humanoid figure equipped with
cameras, sensors, audio and a touch screen interface, can remind users
to take their medicine, suggest they have their favourite drink or
prompt them to go for a walk or visit friends if they haven't been out
for a while.
As part of a larger smart-home environment that can include smart
clothing to monitor vital signs, the system can monitor user's health
and safety, and alert emergency services if something is amiss.
Robots in Space
Yes, Japan has launched the world's first talking humanoid robot "astronaut" toward the
International Space Station
Kirobo — derived from the Japanese words for "hope" and "robot" — was among five tons of
supplies and machinery on a rocket launched Sunday from Tanegashima in southwestern
Japan, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency,said
The childlike robot was designed to be a companion for astronaut Koichi Wakata and will
communicate with another robot on Earth, according to developers. Wakata is expected to
arrive at the space station in November.
Japan boasts the most sophisticated robotics in the world, but because of its "manga" culture,
it tends to favor cute robots with human-like characteristics with emotional appeal, a use of
technology that has at times drawn criticism for being not productive.