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Branches Of Robotics


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Branches Of Robotics

  1. 1. Robotics <ul><li>Robotics is the science and technology of robots, including their design, manufacture, and application. </li></ul><ul><li>Robotics requires a working knowledge of electronics, mechanics, and software. </li></ul><ul><li>A robot is an electro-mechanical or biomechanical device that can perform autonomous or preprogrammed tasks. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Branches of Robotics <ul><li>Robotics being a combination of electronics, software and so other fields, has a great number of branches. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of them are: - </li></ul><ul><li>Android science. </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial intelligence. </li></ul><ul><li>Nanorobotics. </li></ul><ul><li>Robot surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory robotics. </li></ul><ul><li>Robot locomotion. </li></ul><ul><li>Telepresence. </li></ul><ul><li>Swarm robotics. </li></ul><ul><li>Speech processing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Android Science <ul><li>Android science is a new branch for studying human and robot interaction based on the premise that a very humanlike robot (that is, an android) can produce human-directed social responses in human beings. </li></ul><ul><li>The android's ability to produce human-directed social responses enables researchers to employ an android in experiments with human participants as it can be more precisely controlled than a human actor. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Artificial Intelligence <ul><li>Artificial intelligence (AI) is both the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it. </li></ul><ul><li>It is generally defined as the study and design of intelligent agents , where an intelligent agent is a system that tries to maximize its chances of success by taking into account its environment. </li></ul><ul><li>John McCarthy first used this term in1956. </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers hope that artificial intelligence will help machines in reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Nanorobotics <ul><li>Nanorobotics is the technology of creating robots close to the scale of nanometres or a robot which allows precision interactions with nanoscale objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Nanomachines are largely in the research but some molecular machines have been tested. An example is a sensor having a switch approximately 1.5 nanometers across, capable of counting specific molecules in a chemical sample. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Robot surgery <ul><li>Robotic surgery is the use of robots in performing surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>Three major advances aided by surgical robots have been remote , minimally invasive and unmanned surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>Major advantages of robotic surgery are : - </li></ul><ul><li>Precision. </li></ul><ul><li>Miniaturization. </li></ul><ul><li>3-D magnification. </li></ul><ul><li>Its dis advantages are: - </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis is limited by available sensory inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Increases job shortages. </li></ul>The Da Vinci surgery robot
  7. 7. Laboratory Robotics <ul><li>Laboratory robotics is the act of using robots in biology or chemistry labs. </li></ul><ul><li>Its advantages are: - </li></ul><ul><li>Faster processing . </li></ul><ul><li>Increased repeatability and productivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Its dis advantages are: - </li></ul><ul><li>Increases job shortages. </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis is limited by available sensory inputs . </li></ul><ul><li>It is difficult to automate in instances where visual analysis, recognition or comparison is required. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Robot locomotion <ul><li>Robot locomotion is the study of designing robot control mechanisms to allow robots to move efficiently. </li></ul><ul><li>Though wheeled robots are quite energy efficient and easy to control, they cannot be used in rocky terains. </li></ul><ul><li>A major goal in this field is to develop capabilities for robots to decide to move prpoerly themseles. </li></ul><ul><li>However, coordinating a large number of robot joints for even climbing stairs is difficult. </li></ul>The Mars Rover collecting soil samples on Mars.
  9. 9. Telepresence <ul><li>Telepresence is the study of giving an illusion of being at a place without being there physically. </li></ul><ul><li>The best example of telepresence is in robot surgery where the surgeon gives instructions to the robot about the surgery from a faraway place. </li></ul><ul><li>It can also be used for conducting important conferences across nations. </li></ul>Telepresence conference room
  10. 10. Swarm Robotics <ul><li>Swarm robotics is a new approach to the coordination of multirobot systems which consist of large numbers of mostly simple physical robots. </li></ul><ul><li>It is supposed that a desired collective behavior emerges from the interactions between the robots and interactions of robots with the environment. </li></ul>A group of experimental insect like robots working together
  11. 11. Speech processing <ul><li>Speech processing is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals. </li></ul><ul><li>This study enables robots to recognize and memorize voices. </li></ul><ul><li>The first robot that can recognize and remember voices is the QRIO developed by Sony. </li></ul>The QRIO robot