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Contemporary Architecture


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History of Architecture from the late nineteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century.

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Contemporary Architecture

  1. 1. Contemporary Architecture Chapter I PROFESOR INTERACTIVO
  2. 2. Architecture Contemporary The main idea of contemporary architecture lies mainly in rejecting historical styles. Facing classic trends of the last third of the nineteenth century, contemporary architecture comes with a totally different proposition to what already existed.
  3. 3. Architecture Contemporary The Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution brought about a radical change in architecture with the manufacture of new building materials and cheaper mass production. THE CRYSTAL PALACE / JOSEPH PAXTON 1851
  4. 4. Architecture Contemporary Moreover, provided a more stark vision, generated by the ideological changes that led to the formation of democracies in the world and led the architects to eliminate the luxuries of the buildings. THE HOUSE OF BLACK MOTHER OF GOD/ JOSEF GOCÁR CITY OF PRAGUE/ CZECH REPUBLIC 1911
  5. 5. Architecture Contemporary The neoclassical style was introduced in the design of buildings seeking purity of lines, so the discovery of the ruins of Pompeii and other archaeological treasures Greco Romans was adapted to the new times. IT WAS AN ECLECTIC ARCHITECTURE IN WHICH MANY STYLES ARE MIXED
  6. 6. Architecture Contemporary The main features in construction are: -Cornices and friezes with metopes and triglyphs. -Grecas -Garlands vegetables: flowers, fruits... -Palms y laurels
  7. 7. Architecture Contemporary And constructions more used : -Columns commemorative -Temples -Triumphal arches -Propylaea The Great Arc de Triumph was the tribute of Napoleon   Bonaparte to his invincible army, but the Emperor was deposed and died without seeing the colossal work completed.
  8. 8. Architecture Contemporary The iron, steel, zinc and glass were becoming part of a new design concept, closer to engineering that the architectural design. Since 1872 Gustave Eiffel obtained contracts abroad, in 1877 is built a bridge over the Douro River in Portugal, a steel single arc of 160 meters. In 1884 its factory was already famous in the world. He melted the Statue Of Liberty in 1886, later worked in the Tower that bears his name, and that was his biggest project.
  9. 9. Architecture Contemporary BROOKLYN BRIDGE Architects: John Augustus Roebling 1883 height: 83 metros length: 1,834 metros The engineering began to have a greater role, the economy of means, the clean lines, the shortest time to its construction, the easy technical and the lack of ornate ornaments that gave the new materials. The world governments preferred to invest in engineering projects for real estate development plans and works, rather than architectural.
  10. 10. Architecture Contemporary They develop great discussions addressing architecture, first the Modernist architects, descendants of Romanticism and Symbolism. On the other hand the Rationalism that raises two clearly defined movements: Constructivism and Deconstructivism.
  11. 11. Architecture Contemporary Modernism developed in Europe and receives different names. In Spain, better known as Catalan Modernism are develops mainly in Barcelona. In France and Belgium is known as Art Nouveau, Modern Style in England and in Germany as Jugendstil. Modernism 1880 to 1902
  12. 12. Architecture Contemporary JOSEF MARIA OLBRICH 1898-99 The Vienna Secession in Austria is the movement that leads to Modernism, that although this already had been developing for some time, is the year 1897 when a group of artists from different disciplines and led by Gustave Klimt who pose open criticism of industrialization and rescue craft of the work of the craftsman.
  13. 13. Architecture Contemporary The most representative Spanish architects are: Víctor Beltrí y Roqueta Lluís Domènech i Montaner Antoní Gaudí
  14. 14. Architecture Contemporary Víctor Beltrí y Roqueta Born in the city of Tortosa (Catalonia) on April 16, 1862 and died in Cartagena on February 4, 1935. Watch detail Tarraga House Aguirre Palace, 1898 Grand Hotel, 1916
  15. 15. Architecture Contemporary Holy Cross and Saint Paul Hospital. World Heritage. UNESCO, 1930 Lluís Domènech i Montaner (December 21, 1850 December 27, 1923) Born in Barcelona, he studied architecture, was chair professor in the School of Architecture of Barcelona. From that position influenced the Catalan modernist architecture. Facade of the Palau of Catalan music,1908
  16. 16. Architecture Contemporary Antoní Gaudí Catalan artist born in Reus on June 25, 1852 and died in Barcelona on June 10, 1926, is the greatest exponent of Catalan modernist architecture and even the whole modernist architecture, fundamentally so prolific in his work, absolutely inspired by nature and rigorous application of geometry and mathematical calculation, physical in each of its buildings. Haga clic sobre la imagen
  17. 17. Architecture Contemporary Art Nouveau Architectural style is developed in Belgium and France.
  18. 18. Architecture Contemporary Its main representatives were: Victor Horta (1861 Ghent-Brussels 1947), Belgian architect, pioneer of Modernism. American House Architect House
  19. 19. Architecture Contemporary Hector Guimard (París 1867 - Nueva York 1942) is the main representative of Art Nouveau in France. Castel Beranger
  20. 20. Architecture Contemporary In the Modern Style mainly stands: Charles Rennie Mackintosh (June 7, 1868 – December 10, 1928) was an architect, designer and watercolorist Scot, who was of fundamental importance in the Arts and Crafts movement and also was the leading exponent of Art Nouveau in Scotland. Glasgow School of Art
  21. 21. Architecture Contemporary Jugendstiles el movimiento que marca la movement is the Jugendstil pacesetter in Germany, Austria and pauta en Alemania, Austria y en los Netherlands, highlighting países bajos, destacándose in particularmentework ofde Josef Maria particular the la obra Josef María Olbrich. Olbrich. Amstel House, Berlín Wagner Apartment in Viena
  22. 22. Architecture Contemporary Joseph Maria Olbrich (1867-1908) Architect and industrial designer born in Opava, Czech Republic. He was part of the rebel movement in Vienna, along with Josef Hoffmann (1870-1956). In the beginning of this modernism appears Otto Wagner (1841-1918), father of this movement. Wagner will also have a type of architecture that reacts against historicism, far from the traditional guidelines. Although attempts to infuse his work of rationalism, continue to rely on the ornamental.
  23. 23. Architecture Contemporary Otto Wagner Born: Penzig (Austria), 1841 Deep: Viena (Austria), 1918 Wien-Hietzing Station (1898) Karlsplatz Station (1898) The Austrian Post Office Savings Bank