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Philosophies of mies vander rohe

Complied by : Manish Jain
Gr. Floor , Ashoka apartment
Bhawani Singh Road
C-scheme , Jaipur -302001
Rajasthan ( INDIA)
Ph. 91-0141-2743536
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Philosophies of mies vander rohe

  1. 1. TIME , LIFE, WORKS AND PHILOSOPIES OF Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Compiled by : FD Architects Forum Gr. Floor , Ashoka apartment Bhawani Singh Road C-scheme , Jaipur -302001 Rajasthan ( INDIA) Ph. 91-0141-2743536 Email: Web :
  2. 2. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886- 1969) • Ludwig Mies was born in Aachen, Nordhein Westfalen ,Germany, on March 27 1886. •No formal training in architecture • Worked under Peter Behrens • Succeeded Gropius as Bauhaus Director • Migrated to US and taught architecture at the Illinois Institute of Technology • Designed Skyscrapers Of Steel And Glass which became models of skyscraper design throughout the world.
  3. 3. “Less is more.” -van der Rohe CHARACTER OF WORKS: • Simple rectangular forms • Open, flexible plans and multi-functional spaces • Widespread use of glass to bring the outside in • Mastered steel and glass construction • Exposed and very refined structural details
  4. 4. 1907-11 work at the offices of famed German architect Peter Behrens. Early Works house of Alois Riehl 1906 1912 to start his own office. He immediately received work and designed a series of home in the style of architect Karl Schinkel.
  5. 5. One of his greatest designs came the following year in the German Pavilion in Barcelona in 1929. German Pavilion , Barcelona 1929
  6. 6. German Pavilion , Barcelona 1929 Mies united sophisticated materials with a fluid open plan, which together endowed the space with an unprecedented modern elegance. The architecture's mass is balanced by a pond (featuring a sculpture by Georg Kolb) and a shallow pool on either end
  7. 7. German Pavilion , Barcelona 1929
  8. 8. The Pavilion was innovative in that the design called for the roof to be supported by chrome columns which meant that the walls could be freely positioned since they did not support the structure  It was later dismantled but rebuilt in the 1980’s German Pavilion , Barcelona 1929
  9. 9. The design was once again revolutionary and combined the seamless flow from outdoors to indoors. Tugendhat house Brno , Czechoslovakia 1930
  10. 10. Tugendhat house Brno , Czechoslovakia 1930
  11. 11. Tugendhat house Brno , Czechoslovakia 1930 Mies dealt with the extreme slope by dividing the front and back of the house into public and private facades. Facing the street, the building is only one story, but it's two stories on the garden side. The home's decor boasted several of Mies finest pieces of original furniture, including the Brno chair, the Tugendhat chair, and the X coffe
  12. 12. 1937 marks the departure of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from Germany due to rising pressure from the Nazi party. Before leaving however he was offered a professorship at the Armour Institute of Technology in Chicago. This would later become the Illinois Institute of Technology and Mies would be the prime architect for the campus of the newly formed school. llIinois Institute of Technology Master Plan, Chicago , 1939 - 1958
  13. 13. llIinois Institute of Technology Master Plan,  Chicago , 1939 - 1958  In the realized plan, clusters of  buildings placed on a grade  create a series of informal open  spaces through a playful shifting  of solid (i.e. buildings) and void  (i.e. green space). A 24-foot  square grid invisibly overlays the  campus to guide its order.
  14. 14. Crown Hall ,llIinois Institute of Technology  Chicago , 1939 - 1958  Ground Floor Plan Front Elevation At the Illinois Institute of Technology. exposed, expressed steel frame, roof suspended from spanning I-beams.
  15. 15. In 1944 Mies van der Rohe became a U.S. citizen. In 1946 he began work on the Farnsworth House a weekend retreat for doctor Edith Farnsworth. It’s one of the most minimalist houses ever designed being composed of a transparent box framed by eight exterior steel columns with a single room subdivided by partitions and completely enclosed in glass. Farnsworth House    14520 River Rd Plano, IL 60545,US, 1946 - 1951
  16. 16. Farnsworth House    14520 River Rd Plano, IL 60545,US, 1946 - 1951 It—two parallel planes held in  suspension between the earth and  sky by only eight steel columns— seems simple, but Mies worked  through 167 drawings to come to his  final, fearless design. 
  17. 17. FARNSWORTH HOUSE Interior, Illinois, GERMAN PAVILION Interior, Barcelona Expo, 1929  Farnsworth House    14520 River Rd Plano, IL 60545,US, 1946 - 1951
  18. 18. LAKE SHORE DRIVE APARTMENTS  Illinois, 1948-51  Finally design would merge with construction and much of the work that Mies had begun in the 20’s would come to fruition. His first project being the Lakeshore Apartment Buildings in Chicago. The scheme consists of two identical 26-story towers placed 46 feet apart with their long axes set perpendicular to each other. While each building alone is  symmetrical, comprised of 21’  square bays (5 across, 3 deep)  with a total of 288 apartments, 
  19. 19. Once again he created with form and function . The first floor of the building rested on plithes giving the building integration with the outdoors. LAKE SHORE DRIVE APARTMENTS, Illinois, 1951
  20. 20. SEAGRAM BUILDING, 375 Park Ave, New York, NY, United States 1958 This 39-story, 516-foot tall office building was commissioned by Joseph E. Seagram & Sons Corporation, purveyors of Seagram liquors.
  21. 21. SEAGRAM BUILDING, 375 Park Ave, New York, NY, United States 1958 he floor of the Seagram's, as in the Lake Shore Drive, a rectangle of 5x3 squares structural modules. But the elevation of the building achieves its expressive perfection, simulating a column with its three constituent parts classic. His typology shows clearly the structure in front, meeting both an ornamental role, consisting of steel beams and columns of bronze, that without a structural role fits perfectly the large windows that are the most visible epidermis of the work.
  22. 22. Mies van der Rohe was plagued by arthritis for the majority of his later life. Although involved to the best of his ability Ludwig would never see the completion of the National Gallery. He died in Chicago, August, 17, 1969 He died leaving a legacy of revolutionary architecture. Other then the buildings themselves he is remembered by his approach to architecture, categorized by such sayings as: “ “God is in the details. Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space. Thoughts in action. Mies van der Rohe
  23. 23. “Let us guide our students… from materials, through function to creative work… We must understand the motives and forces of our time and analyze their structure from three points of view: the material, the functional, and the spiritual.” - MIES van der ROHE (1938) “Form is not the aim of our work, only the result.” - MIES van der ROHE “ Economic, technical and cultural conditions have changed radically.” - MIES van der ROHE (1928)
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