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Neo classical architecture

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Neo classical architecture

  1. 1. Neoclassical architecture was an architectural style produced bythe neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century,both as a reaction against the Rococo style of anti-tectonicnaturalistic ornament, and an outgrowth of some classicizingfeatures of Late Baroqueneoclassicism in architecture is evocative and picturesque, arecreation of a distant, it is framed within the Romantic sensibilityIntellectually Neoclassicism was symptomatic of a desire to returnto the perceived "purity" of the arts of Rome, Greek,andrenaissance classicism NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  2. 2. ROCOCO NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  3. 3. Background of emergence of neo classical architectureArchitecture of baroque and rococoTwo forcesTechnological changeSocial changeArchitects were Compel to look for new and true styleExpedition to greek and roman citiesBooks on ancient monumentsLe roy, piranesi and adams worksHallucination of ancient forms in new work NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
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  15. 15. Royal Scottish academy Edinburgh byWilliam Henry playfairGreek Doric style portico Putteney bridge bath by Robert Adam NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  16. 16. Karl Friedrich Schinkels Elisabethkirche in Berlin NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  17. 17. Altes museum BerlinNEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  18. 18. Prado museum in Madrid by Juan de Villanueva Cathedral of Vilnius (1783), by Laurynas GucevičiusNEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
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  20. 20. LedouxBuilding Should Immediately Communicate Its Functions toIts Viewer NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  21. 21. Boulléebetween 1778 and 1788 that Boullée made his biggestimpact on architecture.He developed a distinctive abstract geometric style inspiredby Classical formsCharacteristicremoval of all unnecessary ornamentation,inflating geometric forms to a huge scalerepeating elements such as columns in huge ranges. NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  22. 22. DOCTRINEArchitecture should express its purpose Cénotaphe a Newton (1784) sphere form of 150 m (500 ft) high embedded in a circular base structure was never built NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  23. 23. Cénotaphe a Newton (1784) NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  24. 24. his book Architecture, essai sur lart ("Essay on the Art ofArchitecture), arguing for an emotionally committedNeoclassicism, was only published in 1953.Consist of his work from 1778 to 1788, which mostlycomprised designs for public buildings on a whollyimpractical grand scale.Fondness for grandoise design - megalomaniac and avisionaryInnovative design ideas – polarity – offsetting oppositedesign elementsUse of light to evoke divine feeling NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
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  27. 27. Claude Nicolas Ledoux NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  28. 28. The Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  29. 29. Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  30. 30. French neo classical architect NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
  31. 31. Project for the ideal city of Chaux: House of supervisors NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE

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