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An architectural style is
characterized by:
the features that make a building
or other structure notable or
historically identifiable.
It includes elements such as:
1- form
2- method of construction
3- building material
4- regional character.
What
“architectural style”
means ?
The architectural style changes
according to:
-Time:
such as post-modernism
(meaning "after modernism")
-Place:
For instance, Renaissance ideas
emerged in Italy around 1425 and
spread to all of Europe over the
next 200 years, with the French,
Belgian, German, English,
and Spanish Renaissances showing
recognizably the same style, but
with unique characteristics.
DEFINITION
High-tech architecture,
also known as:
- Late Modernism
- Structural Expressionism
is an architectural style that
emerged in the, incorporating
elements of high-tech industry and
technology into building design.
At the beginning of the 20th
century ,as technology has
greatly evolved, new materials
and modern equipment started to
be used in the construction
industry.
Thus born a new architectural
design developed using advanced
technology, known as
high-tech
High-tech architecture appeared as
a revamped modernism, an
extension of those previous ideas
aided by even more advances in
technological achievements.
This category serves as a bridge
between modernisms and post-
modernism, however there remain
gray areas as to where one
category ends and the other
begins. ( Overlapping )
In the 1980s, high-tech
architecture became more difficult
to distinguish from post-modern
architecture.
Form
simplicity
90 degrees
horizontal
and
Vertical
lines
Visual
structure
True materials
no
structural
ideas
emphasis
on unique
forms
Columns
arches
Stones
Like Brutalism, Structural
Expressionist buildings reveal
their structure on the outside as
well as the inside, but with visual
emphasis placed on the internal
steel and/or concrete skeletal
structure as opposed to
exterior concrete walls.
High-tech buildings are often
called machine-like.
Steel, aluminum, and glass
combine with brightly colored
braces, girders, and beams.
Many of the building parts are
prefabricated in a factory
and assembled later. The support
beams, duct work, and other
functional elements are
placed on the exterior of the
building, where they become the
focus of attention.
The interior spaces are open and
adaptable for many uses.
AIMS
However prominent the industrial
look appeared, the functional
element of modern architecture
was very much retained.
High-tech architecture aimed to
give everything an industrial
appearance.
conversion of former industrial
spaces into residential spaces
The pieces still served a purpose
in the building's function.
This strengthens the impact of the
object in a high-tech style, both in
terms of functional and visual
matter.
Technical
equipment
Building
structure
The object is the aim.
INTEGRATION
Technical elements, such as blinds
or solar cells, are a kind of
modern ornament, especially when
put together in repetitive sequence.
Gaining
qualities
Technological
construction
Formal
independent
way of
expression
AESTHETIC
Pioneers
of
high-tech style
Norman Foster
British Architect
June 1, 1935
- BORN -
in Manchester, England
1956 (21 years old)
- EARLY LIFE OF FOSTER -
He has enrolled in
college 1956 - 1961
- EDUCATION -
Manchester University School
of Architecture
Yale University ( Master’s degree)
1963
- HIS PARTNERSHIP –
“ Team 4 ” firm
Richard Rogers and Su Rogers
Norman foster and Wendy foster
1967
- Foster + Partners -
known for “High-Tech” industrial designs
- AWARDS AND HONERS –
1983
Riba royal gold medal
1990
Knighthood from the queen
of England
1999
Pritzker architecture prize
FAMOUS WORK OF
FOSTER
1974
- Willis Faber and Dumas –
in England
2001 - 2003
- 30 ST.MARY AXE -
London
2002
- London City Hall -
London
1974 - 1978
- Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts -
University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
July 23, 1933
- BORN -
in Florence
Richard Rogers
Italian-British Architect
Noted for his modernist and
functionalist designs
- Education -
Architectural Association
School of
Architecture in London
1962
Yale School of Architecture
(Master’s Degree)
1963 - 1967
- HIS PARTNERSHIP –
“ Team 4 ” firm
Norman foster, Wendy foster
and Su rogers
After Team 4 had split up, Richard
Rogers continued collaborating
with Su rogers
1977
His Partnership with Renzo Piano
Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano and
Su Rogers pictured in 1977, the
year the Pompidou Centre
opened.
- AWARDS AND HONERS -
1985
RIBA “Royal Institute of British
Architects”
Royal Gold Medal
2006 & 2009
The Stirling Prize on Barajas
Airport
and Maggie’s Center “London”
FAMOUS WORK OF
RICHARD
1978 - 1986
- Lloyd’s Building -
London
The inside-out building The
services of the building are
exposed
1999
- Millennium Dome -
London
Twelve 100 m steel masts
held in place by high-strength
steel cable
to support the Teflon-coated
fiber glass roof
1993 – 2001
- 88 Wood Street -
London
Nicholas Grimshaw
British Architect
October 9, 1939
- BORN -
in Hove,
England
1959 – 1962
- EDUCATION -
The Edinburgh College of
Architecture
The Architectural Association in
London
(scholarship)
1963
Scholarship to Sweden
1964
Scholarship to United States
1965
Graduated from the AA (Diploma)
FAMOUS WORK OF
NICHOLAS
2001
- National Space Centre -
England
1993
- Waterloo International Terminal -
London
Ieoh Ming Pei
Chinese Architect
April 26, 1917
- BORN -
in Canton (Guangzhou),
China
1935
- EDUCATION -
University of Pennsylvania's
architecture school
Massachusetts Institute of
Technology
The architectural program at
the University of Pennsylvania
stood out to him
Style
Pei's style is described as
thoroughly modernist, with
significant cubist themes. He is
known for combining traditional
architectural elements with
progressive designs based on
simple geometric patterns. As
one critic writes: "Pei has been
aptly described as combining a
classical sense of form with a
contemporary mastery of
method
FAMOUS WORK OF
Ieoh
1989
- Louvre Pyramid -
Paris
1967
- John Hancock Tower -
Massachusetts, china
Case Studies
ARCHITECTURE IS NOT JUST
CREATING BUILDINGS ,IT IS A
TASK OF SERVING HUMANITY.
- Renzo Piano
The most famous architectural
high-tech works are:
town hall in London, standing
next to Tower Bridge,
London's Millennium Dome
Wembley Stadium
office building Lloyd's
the Allianz Arena in Munich
the Eiffel Tower
the Centre Georges Pompidou
HSBC headquarter in Hong Kong
Zizkov Television Tower in Prague
Hotel Arts Skidmore
the Torre Agbar in Barcelona
the National Centre for the
Performing Arts in Beijing
Hearst Tower in New York
the Beetham Tower in Manchester
John Hancock Center in Chicago
Architect: Norman foster
LONDON
CITY
HALL
LONDON CITY HALL,LONDON
ARCHITECT :
Norman foster
Location :
Southwark , London , England
Completed :
2002
Style :
High-tech
The GLA - GREATER LONDON
AUTHORITY- is located in an
area needing the
redevelopment, and with such a
location, the government was
able to claim their part in the
regeneration process.
The design of this building is
also one that provided a
symbolic break from the past.
Contrary to some believe, the
London Authority doesn’t
The building has an unusual,
bulbous shape,
intended to reduce its
surface area and thus
improve energy efficiency.
ORIENTATION:
To further improved the
shape and performance of
this building the sphere
shape was skewed to more
of an egg shape that leans
South blocking the direct
sunlight with it’s own shape
SHADING:
The egg shape is in itself a
strategy for passive design.
The South side of the building
leans back so the floor-
plates step out over the
windows below each other
providing shade for the
naturally ventilated offices
•Use of steel
formwork for the
Slab results in a
reduction of costs
in construction
waste.
•The inclined steel column system
-cost effectiveness,
-simplicity,
-easily constructed
The roof of City Hall is
provided with a completed
installation of photovoltaic
solar panels.
• Running along the interior
atrium is a stepped ramp which
continues spiraling up above
the debating chamber.
solar panels Atrium !
Spherical form minimises surface
area reducing heat loss and heat
gain.
Responsive cladding system
shading relates to building
orientation
Integrated energy circulation
system recirculation of energy
from deep plan areas
Low level air supply displacement
ventilation system
Passive cooling with chilled
ceilings
Free cooling on air supply
No boilers , no chillers.
Energy Concept
Its shape achieves optimum
energy performance by
maximising shading and
minimising the surface area
exposed to direct sunlight.
The building Offices are
naturally ventilated, as the
site is away from traffic noise
and pollution
photovoltaic provide power
and the building’s cooling
system utilises ground water
pumped up via boreholes.
Overall, City Hall uses only a
quarter of the energy consumed
by a typical air-conditioned
London office building.
ventilation
CENTRE
GEORGES
POMPIDOU
IN 1970 an international
architectural competition was
launched based on a program
to build a cultural and arts
complex in the centre of
historic Paris set out by
French President Georges
Pompidou.
Architects: Richard Rogers
Renzo Piano
Type:
Culture and Leisure
Architectural style:
Postmodern / High-Tech
Location: Paris, France
Structural system:
superstructure with
reinforced concrete floors
Completed:
1971 - 1977
The plan is rectangular, with the
longer sides on the front of the
square and the service.
THEMES OF THE DESIGN
Flexible envelope | Steel structure
Simple geometric form
Exterior mechanical
Open piazza | Building circulation
THE STEEL SKELETON OF THE FLOORS
ARE DOMINANTLY VISIBLE FROM THE
OUTSIDE .
INSIDE OUT !
The steel columns surrounding
thee exterior of the concrete
cast floor plates to create part
of the industrial looking
exoskeleton.
ESCALATOR
USE OF ESCALATORS IS NOT ONLY
THE ASTHETIC ADVANTAGE BUT IT
ALSO HIGHLIGHTS THE POST
MODERN ERA.
A TUBE that zigzags
UP TO THE TOP OF THE
BUILDING PROVIDING
VISITORS WITH AN
ASTONISHING VIEW
OF THE CITY OF PARIS
The different systems on the
exterior of the building are
painted different colors to
distinguish their different roles.
• The structure and largest
ventilation components were
painted ,
• stairs and elevator structures
were painted a ,
• Colors
• ventilation was painted ,
• plumbing and fire control
piping painted ,
• the electrical elements are
and ,
• and the elevator motor
rooms and shafts, or the
elements that allow for
movement throughout the
building, are painted .
Interior
In this way, within the building
will get the same picture of
chaos and mass of its own
technological elements from
outside. Renzo Piano placed on
each piece of art for a small
ceiling visually protect the
network of pipes that are in the
roof and avoid the gaze be
distracted looking at the work
exposed.
the interior is quite bright as
the glass is continuous. By
passing all the roofs inside
the piping and that there are
elements in the facades, all
these elements are in sight.
MAROC
TELECOM
Location
Rabat, Morocco
Structural engineers
SETEC TPI
Area
27500.0 SQM
Project Year
2013
Architects
Jean-Paul Viguier
Omar Kobbite
Rabat is proud of its past but
also eager to look to the
future. The city could not,
therefore, avoid the necessity
to grow while combining
tradition and modernity.
The building, instead of oppose
these aspects, try to put in
relationship in order to
restore the subtle dialectic
that we can
found in the most beautiful
buildings of Morocco:
simplicity
richness
warmth and fresh
Clear
golden.
The proposed architectural
concept stems from a work on
a relationship between inside
and outside , the interior and
exterior architecture.
The project has a
very communicative
nature, Both in his
own Volumes than
in the relationship
with the outside
world
revealing the
"original“
interior of the
form. Only the
base of the
tower remains
intact as if
rooted in the
ground.
The tower rises from a large,
pure parallelepiped-shaped
volume covering the whole
surface area. Two prisms are
formed by sliding two halves of
the volume diagonally, thereby
This creates an architectural
style combining shade and light,
delicacy and power. The building
is topped off by a 27-metre
overhang, which makes a
powerful impression on the
observer.
The facades
The other facades are
naturally protected from the
sun by the different volumes
and the orientation of the
building, which allows a simple
and modern approach.
modern and
transparent
can be distinguish
-hed in two types:
the external ones are “high
performance” facades, very
expressive with varying shades
integrated into a “skin” or
double thick skin equipped with
opening on the inside.
Architects
Norman Foster
The Gherkin
Location:
London, England
Building Type:
Commercial
High-Rise
Floors:
40 floors
Height:
179.8 meters
Completion Date:
2003
30 ST.MARY AXE
spectacular
engaging
sustainable
amplifying the attributes
• team was that innovation in
building and form come from
development of new
technologies and techniques
for building.
• The seemingly expressionist
facade was actually
developed through air flow
testing .
• This design proved the best,
maximizing air flow around the
building
The philosophy of
the design
Client
• The structure is made up of a
“Diagrid,” comprised of steel
pieces coming together at
triangular nodes to support
the outer weight of the
structure.
• This design allows for
uninterrupted office
interiors with
revolving triangular
atriums that
connect the spaces
floor-to-floor
and allow for
ventilation.
•
• External skeleton of the
building is made of cross-linked
steel pieces,
which are then
clad by the
diamond-shaped
double glazing.
The structure
• Giant double glazed structure
lets natural light in, enhancing
the work
environment
and reducing
lighting costs.
• The steel nodes used in the
construction of the frame of the
building had to be tested and
simulated in order to make
absolutely sure that the building
would fit together and perform
properly.
• The design team constructed
mock-ups of the structural
connections, and then using
sophisticated computers,
calculated the amount of
deflection and compaction that
would take place over 40 stories
of construction.
“Pre-cambering.”
• Constructed on a diagrid
structure.
• Made of 5,500 glass panels
• Only piece of curved glass is
the lens.
• Radial floor design with each
floor is rotated 5°
• Set of six atriums two to six
stories high
Features
• Tapers outward from the
base and the narrows.
• Smaller footprint allows
for a public plaza.
• Aerodynamic shape creates
less downdraft.
• Building shape allows for
natural light
Plaza with Arcadian garden
• The triangulated perimeter
also provides enough
stiffness to the building to
resist high wind turbulence
at greater height, also the
slender shape provides
minimum resistance to winds.
• The narrower base is in line
with the narrow London
roads, which does not
make the building massive
or imposing, even after its
huge scale
• Differing air pressures and
double skin faCade allow for
natural ventilation
• Solar blinds to reclaim or
reject heat
• Windows and blinds are
computer controlled
• Light level and motion sensor
lights
&
Ventilation
Light
ENERGY USE
• Main energy source is gas
• Building was supposed to
consume 50% less energy
• Temperature can be
controlled in several
separate zones on each
floor.
• Building can potentially turn
off mechanical temperature
system 40% of the year
• Windows open when external
temperature is between 20°C
and 26°C and wind speed is
less than 10 mph
Panoramic dome
On the building's
top level (the
40th floor), there is a bar for
tenants and their
guests featuring
a 360° view of
London. A restaurant operates
on the 39th floor, and private
dining rooms on the 38th.
• reduce the amount of volatile
winds at pedestrian level.
• there is less heat loss over
the surface of the building
with smoother air flows
through the area.
• This low-pressure system
also allows the designers to
have large light wells at
heights that would be
otherwise unfeasible
“egg” shape
the
"l “
The double wall contains
venting flaps, built into the
triangular façade, to allow
hot air to travel up and out the
building. There is a built-in heat
exchange system built into the
ceiling of each floor unit, with
exchangers for cooling of
spaces, running off a cold-
water well for summer
months.
Passive strategies
Air Control Unit
High tech architecture Research | Done 

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High-tech Architecture

  • 1.
  • 2. An architectural style is characterized by: the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It includes elements such as: 1- form 2- method of construction 3- building material 4- regional character. What “architectural style” means ?
  • 3. The architectural style changes according to: -Time: such as post-modernism (meaning "after modernism") -Place: For instance, Renaissance ideas emerged in Italy around 1425 and spread to all of Europe over the next 200 years, with the French, Belgian, German, English, and Spanish Renaissances showing recognizably the same style, but with unique characteristics.
  • 4. DEFINITION High-tech architecture, also known as: - Late Modernism - Structural Expressionism is an architectural style that emerged in the, incorporating elements of high-tech industry and technology into building design.
  • 5. At the beginning of the 20th century ,as technology has greatly evolved, new materials and modern equipment started to be used in the construction industry. Thus born a new architectural design developed using advanced technology, known as high-tech
  • 6. High-tech architecture appeared as a revamped modernism, an extension of those previous ideas aided by even more advances in technological achievements. This category serves as a bridge between modernisms and post- modernism, however there remain gray areas as to where one category ends and the other begins. ( Overlapping ) In the 1980s, high-tech architecture became more difficult to distinguish from post-modern architecture. Form simplicity 90 degrees horizontal and Vertical lines Visual structure True materials no structural ideas emphasis on unique forms Columns arches Stones
  • 7. Like Brutalism, Structural Expressionist buildings reveal their structure on the outside as well as the inside, but with visual emphasis placed on the internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure as opposed to exterior concrete walls. High-tech buildings are often called machine-like. Steel, aluminum, and glass combine with brightly colored braces, girders, and beams.
  • 8. Many of the building parts are prefabricated in a factory and assembled later. The support beams, duct work, and other functional elements are placed on the exterior of the building, where they become the focus of attention. The interior spaces are open and adaptable for many uses.
  • 9. AIMS However prominent the industrial look appeared, the functional element of modern architecture was very much retained. High-tech architecture aimed to give everything an industrial appearance. conversion of former industrial spaces into residential spaces The pieces still served a purpose in the building's function. This strengthens the impact of the object in a high-tech style, both in terms of functional and visual matter. Technical equipment Building structure The object is the aim. INTEGRATION Technical elements, such as blinds or solar cells, are a kind of modern ornament, especially when put together in repetitive sequence.
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  • 24. Norman Foster British Architect June 1, 1935 - BORN - in Manchester, England 1956 (21 years old) - EARLY LIFE OF FOSTER - He has enrolled in college 1956 - 1961 - EDUCATION - Manchester University School of Architecture Yale University ( Master’s degree)
  • 25. 1963 - HIS PARTNERSHIP – “ Team 4 ” firm Richard Rogers and Su Rogers Norman foster and Wendy foster 1967 - Foster + Partners - known for “High-Tech” industrial designs - AWARDS AND HONERS – 1983 Riba royal gold medal 1990 Knighthood from the queen of England 1999 Pritzker architecture prize
  • 27. 1974 - Willis Faber and Dumas – in England 2001 - 2003 - 30 ST.MARY AXE - London
  • 28. 2002 - London City Hall - London
  • 29. 1974 - 1978 - Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts - University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  • 30. July 23, 1933 - BORN - in Florence Richard Rogers Italian-British Architect Noted for his modernist and functionalist designs - Education - Architectural Association School of Architecture in London 1962 Yale School of Architecture (Master’s Degree)
  • 31. 1963 - 1967 - HIS PARTNERSHIP – “ Team 4 ” firm Norman foster, Wendy foster and Su rogers After Team 4 had split up, Richard Rogers continued collaborating with Su rogers 1977 His Partnership with Renzo Piano Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano and Su Rogers pictured in 1977, the year the Pompidou Centre opened.
  • 32. - AWARDS AND HONERS - 1985 RIBA “Royal Institute of British Architects” Royal Gold Medal 2006 & 2009 The Stirling Prize on Barajas Airport and Maggie’s Center “London” FAMOUS WORK OF RICHARD
  • 33. 1978 - 1986 - Lloyd’s Building - London The inside-out building The services of the building are exposed 1999 - Millennium Dome - London Twelve 100 m steel masts held in place by high-strength steel cable to support the Teflon-coated fiber glass roof
  • 34. 1993 – 2001 - 88 Wood Street - London
  • 35. Nicholas Grimshaw British Architect October 9, 1939 - BORN - in Hove, England 1959 – 1962 - EDUCATION - The Edinburgh College of Architecture The Architectural Association in London (scholarship) 1963 Scholarship to Sweden 1964 Scholarship to United States 1965 Graduated from the AA (Diploma)
  • 37. 2001 - National Space Centre - England 1993 - Waterloo International Terminal - London
  • 38. Ieoh Ming Pei Chinese Architect April 26, 1917 - BORN - in Canton (Guangzhou), China 1935 - EDUCATION - University of Pennsylvania's architecture school Massachusetts Institute of Technology The architectural program at the University of Pennsylvania stood out to him
  • 39. Style Pei's style is described as thoroughly modernist, with significant cubist themes. He is known for combining traditional architectural elements with progressive designs based on simple geometric patterns. As one critic writes: "Pei has been aptly described as combining a classical sense of form with a contemporary mastery of method
  • 42. 1967 - John Hancock Tower - Massachusetts, china
  • 43. Case Studies ARCHITECTURE IS NOT JUST CREATING BUILDINGS ,IT IS A TASK OF SERVING HUMANITY. - Renzo Piano
  • 44. The most famous architectural high-tech works are: town hall in London, standing next to Tower Bridge, London's Millennium Dome Wembley Stadium
  • 45. office building Lloyd's the Allianz Arena in Munich the Eiffel Tower the Centre Georges Pompidou
  • 46. HSBC headquarter in Hong Kong Zizkov Television Tower in Prague Hotel Arts Skidmore the Torre Agbar in Barcelona
  • 47. the National Centre for the Performing Arts in Beijing Hearst Tower in New York the Beetham Tower in Manchester John Hancock Center in Chicago
  • 49. LONDON CITY HALL,LONDON ARCHITECT : Norman foster Location : Southwark , London , England Completed : 2002 Style : High-tech The GLA - GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY- is located in an area needing the redevelopment, and with such a location, the government was able to claim their part in the regeneration process. The design of this building is also one that provided a symbolic break from the past. Contrary to some believe, the London Authority doesn’t
  • 50. The building has an unusual, bulbous shape, intended to reduce its surface area and thus improve energy efficiency. ORIENTATION: To further improved the shape and performance of this building the sphere shape was skewed to more of an egg shape that leans South blocking the direct sunlight with it’s own shape
  • 51. SHADING: The egg shape is in itself a strategy for passive design. The South side of the building leans back so the floor- plates step out over the windows below each other providing shade for the naturally ventilated offices •Use of steel formwork for the Slab results in a reduction of costs in construction waste. •The inclined steel column system -cost effectiveness, -simplicity, -easily constructed
  • 52. The roof of City Hall is provided with a completed installation of photovoltaic solar panels. • Running along the interior atrium is a stepped ramp which continues spiraling up above the debating chamber. solar panels Atrium !
  • 53. Spherical form minimises surface area reducing heat loss and heat gain. Responsive cladding system shading relates to building orientation Integrated energy circulation system recirculation of energy from deep plan areas Low level air supply displacement ventilation system Passive cooling with chilled ceilings Free cooling on air supply No boilers , no chillers. Energy Concept
  • 54. Its shape achieves optimum energy performance by maximising shading and minimising the surface area exposed to direct sunlight. The building Offices are naturally ventilated, as the site is away from traffic noise and pollution photovoltaic provide power and the building’s cooling system utilises ground water pumped up via boreholes. Overall, City Hall uses only a quarter of the energy consumed by a typical air-conditioned London office building. ventilation
  • 55. CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU IN 1970 an international architectural competition was launched based on a program to build a cultural and arts complex in the centre of historic Paris set out by French President Georges Pompidou. Architects: Richard Rogers Renzo Piano
  • 56. Type: Culture and Leisure Architectural style: Postmodern / High-Tech Location: Paris, France Structural system: superstructure with reinforced concrete floors Completed: 1971 - 1977 The plan is rectangular, with the longer sides on the front of the square and the service. THEMES OF THE DESIGN Flexible envelope | Steel structure Simple geometric form Exterior mechanical Open piazza | Building circulation
  • 57. THE STEEL SKELETON OF THE FLOORS ARE DOMINANTLY VISIBLE FROM THE OUTSIDE . INSIDE OUT ! The steel columns surrounding thee exterior of the concrete cast floor plates to create part of the industrial looking exoskeleton.
  • 58. ESCALATOR USE OF ESCALATORS IS NOT ONLY THE ASTHETIC ADVANTAGE BUT IT ALSO HIGHLIGHTS THE POST MODERN ERA. A TUBE that zigzags UP TO THE TOP OF THE BUILDING PROVIDING VISITORS WITH AN ASTONISHING VIEW OF THE CITY OF PARIS
  • 59. The different systems on the exterior of the building are painted different colors to distinguish their different roles. • The structure and largest ventilation components were painted , • stairs and elevator structures were painted a , • Colors
  • 60. • ventilation was painted , • plumbing and fire control piping painted , • the electrical elements are and , • and the elevator motor rooms and shafts, or the elements that allow for movement throughout the building, are painted .
  • 61. Interior In this way, within the building will get the same picture of chaos and mass of its own technological elements from outside. Renzo Piano placed on each piece of art for a small ceiling visually protect the network of pipes that are in the roof and avoid the gaze be distracted looking at the work exposed. the interior is quite bright as the glass is continuous. By passing all the roofs inside the piping and that there are elements in the facades, all these elements are in sight.
  • 62. MAROC TELECOM Location Rabat, Morocco Structural engineers SETEC TPI Area 27500.0 SQM Project Year 2013 Architects Jean-Paul Viguier Omar Kobbite
  • 63. Rabat is proud of its past but also eager to look to the future. The city could not, therefore, avoid the necessity to grow while combining tradition and modernity. The building, instead of oppose these aspects, try to put in relationship in order to restore the subtle dialectic that we can found in the most beautiful buildings of Morocco: simplicity richness warmth and fresh Clear golden.
  • 64. The proposed architectural concept stems from a work on a relationship between inside and outside , the interior and exterior architecture. The project has a very communicative nature, Both in his own Volumes than in the relationship with the outside world revealing the "original“ interior of the form. Only the base of the tower remains intact as if rooted in the ground. The tower rises from a large, pure parallelepiped-shaped volume covering the whole surface area. Two prisms are formed by sliding two halves of the volume diagonally, thereby
  • 65. This creates an architectural style combining shade and light, delicacy and power. The building is topped off by a 27-metre overhang, which makes a powerful impression on the observer.
  • 66. The facades The other facades are naturally protected from the sun by the different volumes and the orientation of the building, which allows a simple and modern approach. modern and transparent can be distinguish -hed in two types: the external ones are “high performance” facades, very expressive with varying shades integrated into a “skin” or double thick skin equipped with opening on the inside.
  • 67. Architects Norman Foster The Gherkin Location: London, England Building Type: Commercial High-Rise Floors: 40 floors Height: 179.8 meters Completion Date: 2003 30 ST.MARY AXE
  • 68. spectacular engaging sustainable amplifying the attributes • team was that innovation in building and form come from development of new technologies and techniques for building. • The seemingly expressionist facade was actually developed through air flow testing . • This design proved the best, maximizing air flow around the building The philosophy of the design Client
  • 69. • The structure is made up of a “Diagrid,” comprised of steel pieces coming together at triangular nodes to support the outer weight of the structure. • This design allows for uninterrupted office interiors with revolving triangular atriums that connect the spaces floor-to-floor and allow for ventilation. • • External skeleton of the building is made of cross-linked steel pieces, which are then clad by the diamond-shaped double glazing. The structure • Giant double glazed structure lets natural light in, enhancing the work environment and reducing lighting costs.
  • 70. • The steel nodes used in the construction of the frame of the building had to be tested and simulated in order to make absolutely sure that the building would fit together and perform properly. • The design team constructed mock-ups of the structural connections, and then using sophisticated computers, calculated the amount of deflection and compaction that would take place over 40 stories of construction. “Pre-cambering.”
  • 71. • Constructed on a diagrid structure. • Made of 5,500 glass panels • Only piece of curved glass is the lens. • Radial floor design with each floor is rotated 5° • Set of six atriums two to six stories high Features • Tapers outward from the base and the narrows. • Smaller footprint allows for a public plaza. • Aerodynamic shape creates less downdraft. • Building shape allows for natural light Plaza with Arcadian garden
  • 72. • The triangulated perimeter also provides enough stiffness to the building to resist high wind turbulence at greater height, also the slender shape provides minimum resistance to winds. • The narrower base is in line with the narrow London roads, which does not make the building massive or imposing, even after its huge scale
  • 73. • Differing air pressures and double skin faCade allow for natural ventilation • Solar blinds to reclaim or reject heat • Windows and blinds are computer controlled • Light level and motion sensor lights & Ventilation Light
  • 74. ENERGY USE • Main energy source is gas • Building was supposed to consume 50% less energy • Temperature can be controlled in several separate zones on each floor. • Building can potentially turn off mechanical temperature system 40% of the year • Windows open when external temperature is between 20°C and 26°C and wind speed is less than 10 mph
  • 75. Panoramic dome On the building's top level (the 40th floor), there is a bar for tenants and their guests featuring a 360° view of London. A restaurant operates on the 39th floor, and private dining rooms on the 38th. • reduce the amount of volatile winds at pedestrian level. • there is less heat loss over the surface of the building with smoother air flows through the area. • This low-pressure system also allows the designers to have large light wells at heights that would be otherwise unfeasible “egg” shape the "l “
  • 76. The double wall contains venting flaps, built into the triangular façade, to allow hot air to travel up and out the building. There is a built-in heat exchange system built into the ceiling of each floor unit, with exchangers for cooling of spaces, running off a cold- water well for summer months. Passive strategies Air Control Unit
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  • 80. High tech architecture Research | Done 