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High-tech Architecture

This Presentation is a Small Book about High-tech Architecture.

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High-tech Architecture

  1. 1. An architectural style is characterized by: the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It includes elements such as: 1- form 2- method of construction 3- building material 4- regional character. What “architectural style” means ?
  2. 2. The architectural style changes according to: -Time: such as post-modernism (meaning "after modernism") -Place: For instance, Renaissance ideas emerged in Italy around 1425 and spread to all of Europe over the next 200 years, with the French, Belgian, German, English, and Spanish Renaissances showing recognizably the same style, but with unique characteristics.
  3. 3. DEFINITION High-tech architecture, also known as: - Late Modernism - Structural Expressionism is an architectural style that emerged in the, incorporating elements of high-tech industry and technology into building design.
  4. 4. At the beginning of the 20th century ,as technology has greatly evolved, new materials and modern equipment started to be used in the construction industry. Thus born a new architectural design developed using advanced technology, known as high-tech
  5. 5. High-tech architecture appeared as a revamped modernism, an extension of those previous ideas aided by even more advances in technological achievements. This category serves as a bridge between modernisms and post- modernism, however there remain gray areas as to where one category ends and the other begins. ( Overlapping ) In the 1980s, high-tech architecture became more difficult to distinguish from post-modern architecture. Form simplicity 90 degrees horizontal and Vertical lines Visual structure True materials no structural ideas emphasis on unique forms Columns arches Stones
  6. 6. Like Brutalism, Structural Expressionist buildings reveal their structure on the outside as well as the inside, but with visual emphasis placed on the internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure as opposed to exterior concrete walls. High-tech buildings are often called machine-like. Steel, aluminum, and glass combine with brightly colored braces, girders, and beams.
  7. 7. Many of the building parts are prefabricated in a factory and assembled later. The support beams, duct work, and other functional elements are placed on the exterior of the building, where they become the focus of attention. The interior spaces are open and adaptable for many uses.
  8. 8. AIMS However prominent the industrial look appeared, the functional element of modern architecture was very much retained. High-tech architecture aimed to give everything an industrial appearance. conversion of former industrial spaces into residential spaces The pieces still served a purpose in the building's function. This strengthens the impact of the object in a high-tech style, both in terms of functional and visual matter. Technical equipment Building structure The object is the aim. INTEGRATION Technical elements, such as blinds or solar cells, are a kind of modern ornament, especially when put together in repetitive sequence.
  9. 9. Gaining qualities Technological construction Formal independent way of expression AESTHETIC
  10. 10. Pioneers of high-tech style
  11. 11. Norman Foster British Architect June 1, 1935 - BORN - in Manchester, England 1956 (21 years old) - EARLY LIFE OF FOSTER - He has enrolled in college 1956 - 1961 - EDUCATION - Manchester University School of Architecture Yale University ( Master’s degree)
  12. 12. 1963 - HIS PARTNERSHIP – “ Team 4 ” firm Richard Rogers and Su Rogers Norman foster and Wendy foster 1967 - Foster + Partners - known for “High-Tech” industrial designs - AWARDS AND HONERS – 1983 Riba royal gold medal 1990 Knighthood from the queen of England 1999 Pritzker architecture prize
  14. 14. 1974 - Willis Faber and Dumas – in England 2001 - 2003 - 30 ST.MARY AXE - London
  15. 15. 2002 - London City Hall - London
  16. 16. 1974 - 1978 - Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts - University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  17. 17. July 23, 1933 - BORN - in Florence Richard Rogers Italian-British Architect Noted for his modernist and functionalist designs - Education - Architectural Association School of Architecture in London 1962 Yale School of Architecture (Master’s Degree)
  18. 18. 1963 - 1967 - HIS PARTNERSHIP – “ Team 4 ” firm Norman foster, Wendy foster and Su rogers After Team 4 had split up, Richard Rogers continued collaborating with Su rogers 1977 His Partnership with Renzo Piano Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano and Su Rogers pictured in 1977, the year the Pompidou Centre opened.
  19. 19. - AWARDS AND HONERS - 1985 RIBA “Royal Institute of British Architects” Royal Gold Medal 2006 & 2009 The Stirling Prize on Barajas Airport and Maggie’s Center “London” FAMOUS WORK OF RICHARD
  20. 20. 1978 - 1986 - Lloyd’s Building - London The inside-out building The services of the building are exposed 1999 - Millennium Dome - London Twelve 100 m steel masts held in place by high-strength steel cable to support the Teflon-coated fiber glass roof
  21. 21. 1993 – 2001 - 88 Wood Street - London
  22. 22. Nicholas Grimshaw British Architect October 9, 1939 - BORN - in Hove, England 1959 – 1962 - EDUCATION - The Edinburgh College of Architecture The Architectural Association in London (scholarship) 1963 Scholarship to Sweden 1964 Scholarship to United States 1965 Graduated from the AA (Diploma)
  24. 24. 2001 - National Space Centre - England 1993 - Waterloo International Terminal - London
  25. 25. Ieoh Ming Pei Chinese Architect April 26, 1917 - BORN - in Canton (Guangzhou), China 1935 - EDUCATION - University of Pennsylvania's architecture school Massachusetts Institute of Technology The architectural program at the University of Pennsylvania stood out to him
  26. 26. Style Pei's style is described as thoroughly modernist, with significant cubist themes. He is known for combining traditional architectural elements with progressive designs based on simple geometric patterns. As one critic writes: "Pei has been aptly described as combining a classical sense of form with a contemporary mastery of method
  27. 27. FAMOUS WORK OF Ieoh
  28. 28. 1989 - Louvre Pyramid - Paris
  29. 29. 1967 - John Hancock Tower - Massachusetts, china
  31. 31. The most famous architectural high-tech works are: town hall in London, standing next to Tower Bridge, London's Millennium Dome Wembley Stadium
  32. 32. office building Lloyd's the Allianz Arena in Munich the Eiffel Tower the Centre Georges Pompidou
  33. 33. HSBC headquarter in Hong Kong Zizkov Television Tower in Prague Hotel Arts Skidmore the Torre Agbar in Barcelona
  34. 34. the National Centre for the Performing Arts in Beijing Hearst Tower in New York the Beetham Tower in Manchester John Hancock Center in Chicago
  35. 35. Architect: Norman foster LONDON CITY HALL
  36. 36. LONDON CITY HALL,LONDON ARCHITECT : Norman foster Location : Southwark , London , England Completed : 2002 Style : High-tech The GLA - GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY- is located in an area needing the redevelopment, and with such a location, the government was able to claim their part in the regeneration process. The design of this building is also one that provided a symbolic break from the past. Contrary to some believe, the London Authority doesn’t
  37. 37. The building has an unusual, bulbous shape, intended to reduce its surface area and thus improve energy efficiency. ORIENTATION: To further improved the shape and performance of this building the sphere shape was skewed to more of an egg shape that leans South blocking the direct sunlight with it’s own shape
  38. 38. SHADING: The egg shape is in itself a strategy for passive design. The South side of the building leans back so the floor- plates step out over the windows below each other providing shade for the naturally ventilated offices •Use of steel formwork for the Slab results in a reduction of costs in construction waste. •The inclined steel column system -cost effectiveness, -simplicity, -easily constructed
  39. 39. The roof of City Hall is provided with a completed installation of photovoltaic solar panels. • Running along the interior atrium is a stepped ramp which continues spiraling up above the debating chamber. solar panels Atrium !
  40. 40. Spherical form minimises surface area reducing heat loss and heat gain. Responsive cladding system shading relates to building orientation Integrated energy circulation system recirculation of energy from deep plan areas Low level air supply displacement ventilation system Passive cooling with chilled ceilings Free cooling on air supply No boilers , no chillers. Energy Concept
  41. 41. Its shape achieves optimum energy performance by maximising shading and minimising the surface area exposed to direct sunlight. The building Offices are naturally ventilated, as the site is away from traffic noise and pollution photovoltaic provide power and the building’s cooling system utilises ground water pumped up via boreholes. Overall, City Hall uses only a quarter of the energy consumed by a typical air-conditioned London office building. ventilation
  42. 42. CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU IN 1970 an international architectural competition was launched based on a program to build a cultural and arts complex in the centre of historic Paris set out by French President Georges Pompidou. Architects: Richard Rogers Renzo Piano
  43. 43. Type: Culture and Leisure Architectural style: Postmodern / High-Tech Location: Paris, France Structural system: superstructure with reinforced concrete floors Completed: 1971 - 1977 The plan is rectangular, with the longer sides on the front of the square and the service. THEMES OF THE DESIGN Flexible envelope | Steel structure Simple geometric form Exterior mechanical Open piazza | Building circulation
  44. 44. THE STEEL SKELETON OF THE FLOORS ARE DOMINANTLY VISIBLE FROM THE OUTSIDE . INSIDE OUT ! The steel columns surrounding thee exterior of the concrete cast floor plates to create part of the industrial looking exoskeleton.
  46. 46. The different systems on the exterior of the building are painted different colors to distinguish their different roles. • The structure and largest ventilation components were painted , • stairs and elevator structures were painted a , • Colors
  47. 47. • ventilation was painted , • plumbing and fire control piping painted , • the electrical elements are and , • and the elevator motor rooms and shafts, or the elements that allow for movement throughout the building, are painted .
  48. 48. Interior In this way, within the building will get the same picture of chaos and mass of its own technological elements from outside. Renzo Piano placed on each piece of art for a small ceiling visually protect the network of pipes that are in the roof and avoid the gaze be distracted looking at the work exposed. the interior is quite bright as the glass is continuous. By passing all the roofs inside the piping and that there are elements in the facades, all these elements are in sight.
  49. 49. MAROC TELECOM Location Rabat, Morocco Structural engineers SETEC TPI Area 27500.0 SQM Project Year 2013 Architects Jean-Paul Viguier Omar Kobbite
  50. 50. Rabat is proud of its past but also eager to look to the future. The city could not, therefore, avoid the necessity to grow while combining tradition and modernity. The building, instead of oppose these aspects, try to put in relationship in order to restore the subtle dialectic that we can found in the most beautiful buildings of Morocco: simplicity richness warmth and fresh Clear golden.
  51. 51. The proposed architectural concept stems from a work on a relationship between inside and outside , the interior and exterior architecture. The project has a very communicative nature, Both in his own Volumes than in the relationship with the outside world revealing the "original“ interior of the form. Only the base of the tower remains intact as if rooted in the ground. The tower rises from a large, pure parallelepiped-shaped volume covering the whole surface area. Two prisms are formed by sliding two halves of the volume diagonally, thereby
  52. 52. This creates an architectural style combining shade and light, delicacy and power. The building is topped off by a 27-metre overhang, which makes a powerful impression on the observer.
  53. 53. The facades The other facades are naturally protected from the sun by the different volumes and the orientation of the building, which allows a simple and modern approach. modern and transparent can be distinguish -hed in two types: the external ones are “high performance” facades, very expressive with varying shades integrated into a “skin” or double thick skin equipped with opening on the inside.
  54. 54. Architects Norman Foster The Gherkin Location: London, England Building Type: Commercial High-Rise Floors: 40 floors Height: 179.8 meters Completion Date: 2003 30 ST.MARY AXE
  55. 55. spectacular engaging sustainable amplifying the attributes • team was that innovation in building and form come from development of new technologies and techniques for building. • The seemingly expressionist facade was actually developed through air flow testing . • This design proved the best, maximizing air flow around the building The philosophy of the design Client
  56. 56. • The structure is made up of a “Diagrid,” comprised of steel pieces coming together at triangular nodes to support the outer weight of the structure. • This design allows for uninterrupted office interiors with revolving triangular atriums that connect the spaces floor-to-floor and allow for ventilation. • • External skeleton of the building is made of cross-linked steel pieces, which are then clad by the diamond-shaped double glazing. The structure • Giant double glazed structure lets natural light in, enhancing the work environment and reducing lighting costs.
  57. 57. • The steel nodes used in the construction of the frame of the building had to be tested and simulated in order to make absolutely sure that the building would fit together and perform properly. • The design team constructed mock-ups of the structural connections, and then using sophisticated computers, calculated the amount of deflection and compaction that would take place over 40 stories of construction. “Pre-cambering.”
  58. 58. • Constructed on a diagrid structure. • Made of 5,500 glass panels • Only piece of curved glass is the lens. • Radial floor design with each floor is rotated 5° • Set of six atriums two to six stories high Features • Tapers outward from the base and the narrows. • Smaller footprint allows for a public plaza. • Aerodynamic shape creates less downdraft. • Building shape allows for natural light Plaza with Arcadian garden
  59. 59. • The triangulated perimeter also provides enough stiffness to the building to resist high wind turbulence at greater height, also the slender shape provides minimum resistance to winds. • The narrower base is in line with the narrow London roads, which does not make the building massive or imposing, even after its huge scale
  60. 60. • Differing air pressures and double skin faCade allow for natural ventilation • Solar blinds to reclaim or reject heat • Windows and blinds are computer controlled • Light level and motion sensor lights & Ventilation Light
  61. 61. ENERGY USE • Main energy source is gas • Building was supposed to consume 50% less energy • Temperature can be controlled in several separate zones on each floor. • Building can potentially turn off mechanical temperature system 40% of the year • Windows open when external temperature is between 20°C and 26°C and wind speed is less than 10 mph
  62. 62. Panoramic dome On the building's top level (the 40th floor), there is a bar for tenants and their guests featuring a 360° view of London. A restaurant operates on the 39th floor, and private dining rooms on the 38th. • reduce the amount of volatile winds at pedestrian level. • there is less heat loss over the surface of the building with smoother air flows through the area. • This low-pressure system also allows the designers to have large light wells at heights that would be otherwise unfeasible “egg” shape the "l “
  63. 63. The double wall contains venting flaps, built into the triangular façade, to allow hot air to travel up and out the building. There is a built-in heat exchange system built into the ceiling of each floor unit, with exchangers for cooling of spaces, running off a cold- water well for summer months. Passive strategies Air Control Unit
  64. 64. High tech architecture Research | Done 