Skin diseases

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This presentation gives a detailed picture of various skin diseases and also depicts many plants that can be used to cure them.

Skin diseases

  1. 1. Wonderful plants combating SKIN DISEASES Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  2. 2. Happy World Health Day 07.04.2014 Wishes from Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  3. 3. SKIN  Soft outer covering  Largest organ of the integumentary system  Made up of multiple layers of: 1. ectodermal tissue 2. guards underlying muscles, bones, ligaments and internal organs PPRC/INDIA 01
  4. 4. SKIN  First line of defence from external factors e.g. temperature, pathogens….  Thickness: 1. around eyes ….. 0.5 mm 2. palm, sole of feet ….. 4 mm PPRC/INDIA 02
  5. 5. FUNCTIONS OF SKIN  Protection  Sensation  Thermoregulation  Control of evaporation  Storage and synthesis  Absorption of O2, N, CO2 into the epidermis PPRC/INDIA 03
  6. 6. LAYERS OF SKIN PPRC/INDIA 04
  7. 7. DISORDERS OF SKIN  Acne  Acrodermatitis  Actinic keratosis  Cold sore  Cutaneous candidiasis  Carbuncle PPRC/INDIA 05  Cellulitis  Cutis laxa  Canker sore  Corns and Calluses  Decubitus ulcer  Diaper rash
  8. 8. PPRC/INDIA 06 Acne Acrodermatitis
  9. 9. PPRC/INDIA 07 Actinic keratosis Cold sore
  10. 10. PPRC/INDIA 08 Cutaneous candidiasis Carbuncle
  11. 11. PPRC/INDIA 09 Cellulitis Cutis laxa
  12. 12. PPRC/INDIA 10 Canker sore Corns & Calluses
  13. 13. PPRC/INDIA 11 Decubitus ulcer Diaper rash
  14. 14. DISORDERS OF SKIN  Dermatomyositis  Eczema  Erysipelas  Fungal nail infection  Herpes stomatitis PPRC/INDIA 12  Haemangioma of skin  Hives  Impetigo  Ichthyosis vulgaris  Ingrown nails
  15. 15. PPRC/INDIA 13 Dermatomyositis Eczema
  16. 16. PPRC/INDIA 14 Erysipelas Fungal nail infection
  17. 17. PPRC/INDIA 15 Herpes stomatitis Haemangioma of skin
  18. 18. PPRC/INDIA 16 Hives Impetigo
  19. 19. PPRC/INDIA 17 Ichthyosis vulgaris Ingrown nails
  20. 20. DISORDERS OF SKIN  Keloid  Lupus  Lichen planus  Mouth ulcers  Molluscum contagiosum  Necrotizing fasciitis PPRC/INDIA 18  Pilonidal sinus  Pemphigoid  Psoriasis  Rubeola  Rosacea  Shingles
  21. 21. PPRC/INDIA 19 Keloid Lupus
  22. 22. PPRC/INDIA 20 Lichen planus Mouth ulcers
  23. 23. PPRC/INDIA 21 Molluscum contagiosum Necrotizing fasciitis
  24. 24. PPRC/INDIA 22 Pilonidal sinus Pemphigoid
  25. 25. PPRC/INDIA 23 Psoriasis Rubeola
  26. 26. PPRC/INDIA 24 Rosacea Shingles
  27. 27. DISORDERS OF SKIN  Stasis dermatitis  Leg ulcers  Seborrheic eczema  Skin cancer  Sebaceous cyst PPRC/INDIA 25  Seborrheic keratosis  Tinea versicolor  Vitiligo  Warts
  28. 28. PPRC/INDIA 26 Stasis dermatitis Leg ulcers
  29. 29. PPRC/INDIA 27 Seborrheic eczema Skin cancer
  30. 30. PPRC/INDIA 28 Sebaceous cyst Seborrheic keratosis
  31. 31. PPRC/INDIA 29 Tinea versicolor Vitiligo
  32. 32. PPRC/INDIA 30 Warts
  33. 33. SKIN CARE PRODUCTS  Cleansers  Facial masks  Toners  Moisturizers  Sunscreen PPRC/INDIA 31  Tanning oils  Lotions  Skin lighteners  Serums  Exfoliants
  34. 34. Disadvantages of Modern Skin care products  Cosmetics are derived from petroleum, sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), Parabens new surfactants  SLS cause number of problems: Dermatitis PPRC/INDIA 32
  35. 35. Disadvantages of Modern Skin care products  Parabens: Skin irritation, allergy, contact dermatitis  Synthetic fragrance: allergy  Animal testing is controversial PPRC/INDIA 33
  36. 36. Tips for healthy skin  Protect yourself from the SUN: Sun exposure causes wrinkles, age spots and other skin problems 1. use sunscreen 2.seek shade avoid 10 am to 4 pm light 3.wear protective clothing PPRC/INDIA 34
  37. 37. Tips for healthy skin  Don’t smoke: 1. Smoke causes wrinkles 2.Decreases blood flow 3.Depletes the skin of oxygen and nutrients 4.Damages collagen and elastin which gives strength and elasticity to skin PPRC/INDIA 35
  38. 38. Tips for healthy skin  Treat skin gently: 1. Limit bath time 2. Avoid strong soaps 3. Shave carefully 4. Moisturize dry skin PPRC/INDIA 36
  39. 39. Tips for healthy skin  Eat a healthy diet: Eat plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole grains  Manage stress PPRC/INDIA 37
  40. 40. Azadirachta indica PPRC/INDIA 38
  41. 41. Azadirachta indica  Family: Meliaceae  Seeds as a source of margosa oil  It possesses anti-inflammatory property  For treating skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 39
  42. 42. Allium cepa PPRC/INDIA 40
  43. 43. Allium cepa  Family: Liliaceae  Stems and bulbs applied as a poultice to carbuncles by the Cheyennes  Decoction used as washing pus from sores PPRC/INDIA 41
  44. 44. Ambrosia psilostachya PPRC/INDIA 42
  45. 45. Ambrosia psilostachya  Family: Asteraceae  Whole plant has been used by the Kiowas of Western North America to heal sores PPRC/INDIA 43
  46. 46. Avicennia officinalis PPRC/INDIA 44
  47. 47. Avicennia officinalis  Family: Verbenaceae  A green fruit poultice is used in India for treating boils PPRC/INDIA 45
  48. 48. Bletilla hyacinthina PPRC/INDIA 46
  49. 49. Bletilla hyacinthina  Family: Orchidaceae  Whole plant is used to treat abscesses in China PPRC/INDIA 47
  50. 50. Bulbine asphodeloides PPRC/INDIA 48
  51. 51. Bulbine asphodeloides  Family: Liliaceae  Locality: South Africa  Juice from leaves and stalks used like iodine for treating wounds and skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 49
  52. 52. Chaerefolium sylvestre PPRC/INDIA 50
  53. 53. Chaerefolium sylvestre  Family: Apiaceae  Leaf juice used for treating skin infections in Europe PPRC/INDIA 51
  54. 54. Cordia alliodora PPRC/INDIA 52
  55. 55. Cordia alliodora  Family: Boraginaceae  Ointment used for Pulverized seeds, beneficial against skin infections in West Indies PPRC/INDIA 53
  56. 56. Capparis flexuosa PPRC/INDIA 54
  57. 57. Capparis flexuosa  Family: Capparidaceae  Leaf decoction is used for skin diseases in West Indies PPRC/INDIA 55
  58. 58. Calophyllum inophyllum PPRC/INDIA 56
  59. 59. Calophyllum inophyllum  Family: Clusiaceae  Tropics of the world  Relieves pain of Lepers by the intramuscular injection of refined oil  Dilo oil obtained from this plant is effective against skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 57
  60. 60. Croton cortesianus PPRC/INDIA 58
  61. 61. Croton cortesianus  Family: Euphorbiaceae  In Mexico, caustic juice from this plant is used for treating skin infections PPRC/INDIA 59
  62. 62. Cistus villosus PPRC/INDIA 60
  63. 63. Cistus villosus  Family: Asteraceae  Locality: Brazil  Labdanum balsam is effective PPRC/INDIA 61
  64. 64. Cassia alata PPRC/INDIA 62
  65. 65. Cassia alata  Family: Fabiaceae  Leaf juices (containing Chrysophanic acid)  Effective against skin infections PPRC/INDIA 63
  66. 66. Copaifera reticulata PPRC/INDIA 64
  67. 67. Copaifera reticulata  Family: Fabiaceae  This plant in Brazil is used as healing wounds as well as for skin infections PPRC/INDIA 65
  68. 68. Caloncoba echinata PPRC/INDIA 66
  69. 69. Caloncoba echinata  Family: Flacourtiaceae  Seeds contain Gorli oil  Oil is for treating skin infections in Western and Central America PPRC/INDIA 67
  70. 70. Curculigo orchioides PPRC/INDIA 68
  71. 71. Curculigo orchioides  Family: Liliaceae  In Philippines whole plant is used to treat skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 69
  72. 72. Chelidonium majus PPRC/INDIA 70
  73. 73. Chelidonium majus  Family: Papveraceae  Fresh yellow latex of this plant is beneficial in Europe PPRC/INDIA 71
  74. 74. Clematis dioica PPRC/INDIA 72
  75. 75. Clematis dioica  Family: Ranunculaceae  In Tropical America ointment from leaves of this plant is used to treat skin infections PPRC/INDIA 73
  76. 76. Calotropis procera PPRC/INDIA 74
  77. 77. Calotropis procera  Family: Asclepiadaceae  Locality: India  Root bark to treat leprosy PPRC/INDIA 75
  78. 78. Celosia trigyna PPRC/INDIA 76
  79. 79. Celosia trigyna  Family: Amaranthaceae  Leaves are used for Pustular skin eruptions in Africa PPRC/INDIA 77
  80. 80. Capparis horrida PPRC/INDIA 78
  81. 81. Capparis horrida  Family: Capparidaceae  Poultices of leaves for treating boils, swellings and piles  Employed as a Counter-irritant PPRC/INDIA 79
  82. 82. Carapa procera PPRC/INDIA 80
  83. 83. Carapa procera  Family: Meliaceae  Remedy for curing exanthems related to systemic disease – “Yaws” throughout the tropics is the application of Touloucouna oil obtained from this plant PPRC/INDIA 81
  84. 84. Coprosma australis PPRC/INDIA 82
  85. 85. Coprosma australis  Family: Rubiaceae  Leaf infusion is used in New Zealand to treat sores, cuts and bruises PPRC/INDIA 83
  86. 86. Daldinia concentrica PPRC/INDIA 84
  87. 87. Daldinia concentrica  Family: Xylariaceae  Fungus  Indonesians use this plant for treating ulcer as well as skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 85
  88. 88. Gouania javanica PPRC/INDIA 86
  89. 89. Gouania javanica  Family: Rhammaceae  Roots for treating sores in SouthEastern Asia PPRC/INDIA 87
  90. 90. Gouania leptostachya PPRC/INDIA 88
  91. 91. Gouania leptostachya  Family: Rhamnaceae  Pulp obtained from stems, roots and leaves used to treat skin infections in Java PPRC/INDIA 89
  92. 92. Heuchera americana PPRC/INDIA 90
  93. 93. Heuchera americana  Family: Saxifragaceae  Also known as Alum root  Powdered roots are beneficial in ulcers, wounds and other skin infections by North American Indians  Meskwakis used leaves as an astringent for healing sores PPRC/INDIA 91
  94. 94. Laserpitium prutenicum PPRC/INDIA 92
  95. 95. Laserpitium prutenicum  Family: Apiaceae  Root used to treat skin infections in Europe PPRC/INDIA 93
  96. 96. Leea macrophylla PPRC/INDIA 94
  97. 97. Leea macrophylla  Family: Vitaceae  Locality: India  Medicinal part: Roots PPRC/INDIA 95
  98. 98. Ocimum sanctum PPRC/INDIA 96
  99. 99. Ocimum sanctum  Family: Lamiaceae  Holy, religious plant from India  Whole plant is effective against skin diseases  Even wet soil around this plant is applied on skin for curing infections PPRC/INDIA 97
  100. 100. Pentaspadon motleyi PPRC/INDIA 98
  101. 101. Pentaspadon motleyi  Family: Anacardiaceae  Locality: Malayan archipelago  Acrid balsam from stem PPRC/INDIA 99
  102. 102. Rauvolfia vomitoria PPRC/INDIA 100
  103. 103. Rauvolfia vomitoria  Family: Apocynaceae  Latex from leaves effective against skin diseases in Western Africa PPRC/INDIA 101
  104. 104. Rhinacanthus nasuta PPRC/INDIA 102
  105. 105. Rhinacanthus nasuta  Family: Acanthaceae  Found in India  Fresh roots, leaves, seeds mixed with lime juice for skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 103
  106. 106. Sigesbeckia orientalis PPRC/INDIA 104
  107. 107. Sigesbeckia orientalis  Family: Asteraceae  Found in India  Tincture of whole plant for ringworm and other such diseases PPRC/INDIA 105
  108. 108. Strychnos gaultheriana PPRC/INDIA 106
  109. 109. Strychnos gaultheriana  Family: Loganiaceae  Locality: Indonesia  Bark useful for skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 107
  110. 110. Scrophularia auriculata PPRC/INDIA 108
  111. 111. Scrophularia auriculata  Family: Scrophulariaceae  Also known as Water betony  In Europe, both these plants are used for abscesses, ulcers  A decoction of whole plant good for treating skin infections PPRC/INDIA 109
  112. 112. Taraktogenos kurzii PPRC/INDIA 110
  113. 113. Taraktogenos kurzii  Family: Flacourtiaceae  Found in Eastern India  Chaulmogra oil is used for curing skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 111
  114. 114. Ulmus fulva PPRC/INDIA 112
  115. 115. Ulmus fulva  Family: Ulmaceae  Also known as Slippery elm  Meskwakis used as: bark for cold sores, Potawatomis, poultices for boils  North American Indians use this plant for cutaneous diseases and wounds PPRC/INDIA 113
  116. 116. Urtica dioica PPRC/INDIA 114
  117. 117. Urtica dioica  Family: Urticaceae  In North temperate used for treating skin infections in system of homeopathic medicines PPRC/INDIA 115
  118. 118. Veronica officinalis PPRC/INDIA 116
  119. 119. Veronica officinalis  Family: Scrophulariaceae  Herb is having lot of potency to treat the skin diseases  Mostly used for chronic skin diseases in North temperature PPRC/INDIA 117
  120. 120. Xyris caroliniana PPRC/INDIA 118
  121. 121. Xyris caroliniana  Family: Xyridaceae  In Eastern North America leaves and roots of this plant are used for treating skin diseases PPRC/INDIA 119
  122. 122. Thank You!! “BE WITH US”

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