Plant tonics

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There are various tonics available that boost the human immunity systems. These synthetic tonics show variable side effects on the body. Plant tonics are thus important to maintain good health and immunity of the body.

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Plant tonics

  1. 1. Scientific investigation of Global Plants acting as TONICS for Human Welfare Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  2. 2. PPRC/INDIA 01 Human body immune systems
  3. 3. PPRC/INDIA 02 Factors affecting human body immune systems
  4. 4. Functions of Tonic / Immunity boosters  Fights infection  Strengthens tissues against micro- organisms  Increases T-cell production and protects T-helper cells PPRC/INDIA 03
  5. 5. Functions of Tonic / Immunity boosters  Stimulates macrophage capability  Compliments the action of interferon and interleukin  Assist the cell mediated immune response PPRC/INDIA 04
  6. 6. Side-effects of synthetic Tonics  Diarrhoea  Dizziness  Headache  Allergy reactions: Rash, Hives, Itching, Difficulty in breathing, tightness in chest  Swelling of face, mouth, lips, tongue PPRC/INDIA 05
  7. 7. Side-effects of synthetic Tonics  Blurred vision  Dark urine  Frequent hunger, thirst / urination  Persistent diarrhoea  Vomiting  Yellowing of the skin or eyes PPRC/INDIA 06
  8. 8. PPRC/INDIA 07 Plant tonics
  9. 9. PPRC/INDIA 08 Plant tonics
  10. 10. Angelica archangelica PPRC/INDIA 09
  11. 11. Angelica archangelica  Family: Apiaceae  Herb rich in Coumarin derivatives  Considered as good tonic to improve well being PPRC/INDIA 10
  12. 12. Angelica archangelica  It also helps in mental harmony  Need of further new formulations for eco-cheap product for the deprived PPRC/INDIA 11
  13. 13. Peucedanum ostruthium PPRC/INDIA 12
  14. 14. Peucedanum ostruthium  Also called Masterwort  Family: Apiaceae  Native of Eurasia  Rich in Coumarin dervatives  Good tonic for improving health & mental harmony PPRC/INDIA 13
  15. 15. Pimpinella saxifraga PPRC/INDIA 14
  16. 16. Pimpinella saxifraga  Also called Black caraway  Family: Apiaceae  Locality: Mediterranean region  Coumarin-rich tonic  Improves mental health PPRC/INDIA 15
  17. 17. Asarum caudatum PPRC/INDIA 16
  18. 18. Asarum caudatum  Also called Wild ginger  Family: Aristolochiaceae  Native of Western Washington State  Boiled leaves used as tonic tea PPRC/INDIA 17
  19. 19. Centaurea nigra PPRC/INDIA 18
  20. 20. Centaurea nigra  Also called Knap weed  Family: Asteraceae  Native of Europe, North America, Himalayas, Kashmir  Root tonic  Helps in nervous depression PPRC/INDIA 19
  21. 21. Doronicum pardalianches PPRC/INDIA 20
  22. 22. Doronicum pardalianches  Family: Asteraceae  Native of Europe  Considered as cardiac tonic  Useful in nervous depression and melancholia PPRC/INDIA 21
  23. 23. Eupatorium perfoliatum PPRC/INDIA 22
  24. 24. Eupatorium perfoliatum  Also called Boneset  Family: Asteraceae  Native North America  Useful parts: Leaves, flowering tops  Significant tonic PPRC/INDIA 23
  25. 25. Senecio jacobaea PPRC/INDIA 24
  26. 26. Senecio jacobaea  Also called Tansy ragwort  Family: Asteraceae  Locality: Eurasia  Useful parts: Leaves  Good stimulant and tonic PPRC/INDIA 25
  27. 27. Jeffersonia diphylla PPRC/INDIA 26
  28. 28. Jeffersonia diphylla  Also known as Twinleaf  Family: Berberidaceae  Locality: New York to Iowa  Roots used as stimulant and tonic PPRC/INDIA 27
  29. 29. Mahonia aquifolium PPRC/INDIA 28
  30. 30. Mahonia aquifolium  Also known as Oregon grape  Family: Berberidaceae  Native of Western North America  Useful plant part: Rhizomes & roots  Bitter tonic PPRC/INDIA 29
  31. 31. Cochlospermum niloticus PPRC/INDIA 30
  32. 32. Cochlospermum niloticus  Family: Cochlospermaceae  Native of Sudan (Nuba mountains)  Underground swollen parts of the plant are chewed as tonic PPRC/INDIA 31
  33. 33. Cressa cretica PPRC/INDIA 32
  34. 34. Cressa cretica  Family: Convolvulaceae  Native of Sudan  Whole plant is significant for tonic PPRC/INDIA 33
  35. 35. Ipomoea digitata PPRC/INDIA 34
  36. 36. Ipomoea digitata  Also known as Fingerleaf morning glory  Family: Convolvulaceae  Native of India to Malaya  Useful plant part as tonic: Roots  Possesses aphrodisiac property PPRC/INDIA 35
  37. 37. Cyperus iria PPRC/INDIA 36
  38. 38. Cyperus iria  Family: Cyperaceae  Native of India  It acts as a stimulant as well as tonic PPRC/INDIA 37
  39. 39. Croton eluteria PPRC/INDIA 38
  40. 40. Croton eluteria  Family: Euphorbiaceae  Locality: West Indies  Dried bark is aromatic, bitter and tonic PPRC/INDIA 39
  41. 41. Caesalpinia bonduscelia PPRC/INDIA 40
  42. 42. Caesalpinia bonduscelia  Also known as Moluccabean  Family: Fabaceae  Native of India  Useful part: Seeds  Seeds + black pepper = good tonic  Nice to investigate further PPRC/INDIA 41
  43. 43. Caesalpinia nuga PPRC/INDIA 42
  44. 44. Caesalpinia nuga  Family: Fabaceae  Native of India  Roots used as tonic PPRC/INDIA 43
  45. 45. Cassia occidentalis PPRC/INDIA 44
  46. 46. Cassia occidentalis  Family: Fabaceae  Locality: Tropics  Coffee senna: vernacular name  Seeds used as tonic and diuretic PPRC/INDIA 45
  47. 47. Canscora diffusa PPRC/INDIA 46
  48. 48. Canscora diffusa  Family: Gentianceae  Locality: Philippines  Remarks: Herb as tonic tea PPRC/INDIA 47
  49. 49. Gentiana spp. PPRC/INDIA 48
  50. 50. Gentiana spp.  Family: Gentianaceae  Native of North America  Important part for tonic: Roots  Taste: Bitter PPRC/INDIA 49
  51. 51. Swertia carolinensis PPRC/INDIA 50
  52. 52. Swertia carolinensis  Family: Gentianaceae  Vernacular name: Columbo  Locality: Eastern North America  Roots as tonic and stimulant PPRC/INDIA 51
  53. 53. Leonurus cardiaca PPRC/INDIA 52
  54. 54. Leonurus cardiaca  Also known as Common motherwort  Family: Lamiaceae  Locality: Eurasia  Pecularities: Herbal tonic for heart, ailments, female weakness and hysteria PPRC/INDIA 53
  55. 55. Hypoxis aurea PPRC/INDIA 54
  56. 56. Hypoxis aurea  Family: Liliaceae  Native of Tropical Asia  Pecularities: Herb considered rejuvenating, reconstructive, tonic and aphrodisiac PPRC/INDIA 55
  57. 57. Smilax calophylla PPRC/INDIA 56
  58. 58. Smilax calophylla  Family: Liliaceae  Locality: Malaysia  Rhizomes tonic and aphrodisiac PPRC/INDIA 57
  59. 59. Smilax china PPRC/INDIA 58
  60. 60. Smilax china  Family: Liliaceae  Vernacular name: China root  Locality: China, Japan  Root decoction used as stimulant and aphrodisiac PPRC/INDIA 59
  61. 61. Smilax ornata PPRC/INDIA 60
  62. 62. Smilax ornata  Family: Liliaceae  Native of Central Anerica  Part for tonic: Dried roots  Good tonic to investigate in detail PPRC/INDIA 61
  63. 63. Cyclea peltata PPRC/INDIA 62
  64. 64. Cyclea peltata  Family: Menispermaceae  Locality: China  Part for tonic: Tuber  Nice tonic needs to be investigated further for more potent tonic / immunity booster PPRC/INDIA 63
  65. 65. Corydalis govaniana PPRC/INDIA 64
  66. 66. Corydalis govaniana  Family: Papaveraceae  Native of India  Roots as tonic, diuretic alternative  Detailed investigations about this plant to be carried out further PPRC/INDIA 65
  67. 67. Dicentra canadensis PPRC/INDIA 66
  68. 68. Dicentra canadensis  Also known as Squirrel corn  Family: Papaveraceae  Native of Eastern North America  Dried tubers considered as tonic PPRC/INDIA 67
  69. 69. Dicentra cucullaria PPRC/INDIA 68
  70. 70. Dicentra cucullaria  Also known as Dutchman’s breeches  Family: Papaveraceae  Part for tonic: Tuber PPRC/INDIA 69
  71. 71. Fumaria officinalis PPRC/INDIA 70
  72. 72. Fumaria officinalis  Family: Papaveraceae  Locality: Temperate Eurasia, North America, Iran, Afghanistan  Pecularities: Herb nice tonic, blood purifier  Fruit: Blood purifier PPRC/INDIA 71
  73. 73. Piper methysticum PPRC/INDIA 72
  74. 74. Piper methysticum  Also known as Kava  Family: Piperaceae  Native of Oceania  Cold water extract of roots used as tonic and stimulant PPRC/INDIA 73
  75. 75. Coptis teeta PPRC/INDIA 74
  76. 76. Coptis teeta  Family: Ranunculaceae  Native of Assam-India  Root containing “Berberine” acting as bitter tonic PPRC/INDIA 75
  77. 77. Coptis trifolia PPRC/INDIA 76
  78. 78. Coptis trifolia  Family: Ranunculaceae  Vernacular name: Goldenthread  Locality: North America  Remarks: Dried plant used as tonic PPRC/INDIA 77
  79. 79. Cinchona calisaya PPRC/INDIA 78
  80. 80. Cinchona calisaya  Family: Rubiaceae  Vernacular name: Yellow bark, cinchona  Locality: Bolivia  Bark as tonic PPRC/INDIA 79
  81. 81. Cinchona ledgeriana PPRC/INDIA 80
  82. 82. Cinchona ledgeriana  Family: Rubiaceae  Vernacular name: Ledgerbark cinchona  Native of Bolivia  Bark used as tonic PPRC/INDIA 81
  83. 83. Euodia lepta PPRC/INDIA 82
  84. 84. Euodia lepta  Family: Rutaceae  Native of Southeast Asia  Whole plant used as bitter tonic PPRC/INDIA 83
  85. 85. Euodia lunu-ankenda PPRC/INDIA 84
  86. 86. Euodia lunu-ankenda  Family: Rutaceae  Native of Malaya  Vernacular name: Vanashempaga  Leaf / flower infusion as tonic PPRC/INDIA 85
  87. 87. Ptelea trifoliata PPRC/INDIA 86
  88. 88. Ptelea trifoliata  Family: Rutaceae  Vernacular name: Common hoptree  Native of North America  Menominees and Meskwakis  Considered bark as sacred medicine and panacea PPRC/INDIA 87
  89. 89. Lantana camara PPRC/INDIA 88
  90. 90. Lantana camara  Family: Verbenaceae  Native of Tropical America  Leaves as stimulant and tonic PPRC/INDIA 89
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