Happy World Health Day
07.04.2014
Wishes from
Dr. Sudhakar Kokate
Director PPRC, India
PPRC/INDIA 01
PPRC/INDIA 02
Theme
:
Vector-borne diseases
PPRC/INDIA 03
Presented by
Dr. Sudhakar Kokate
Director PPRC, India
Eradication of MALARIA
by
GLOBAL PLANTS
PPRC/INDIA 04
Dedication
This presentation is dedicated to all patients
suffering from “Malaria: a life threatening
disease across the g...
Vector-borne diseases
 Malaria
 Elephantiasis
 Dengue fever
 Chikungunya
 Japan elephantiasis
 Yellow fever
 Leishm...
Vectors
 Mosquitoes
 Sand flies
 Bugs
 Ticks
 Snails
PPRC/INDIA 06
Mosquitoes
PPRC/INDIA 07
Sand flies
PPRC/INDIA 08
Bugs
PPRC/INDIA 09
Ticks
PPRC/INDIA 10
Snails
PPRC/INDIA 11
Stat
 40% of world population is at risk from Dengue
 1.3 million new cases of Leishmaniasis annually
 > 50% population...
World Malaria Report 2013
 Global efforts to control and eliminate Malaria – VBD
saved
 3.3 million lives since 2000 – 4...
Facts of file
 Serious disease having high fever, chills and muscle pain
 Body weakness
 Bite by mosquito Anopheles inf...
Malaria transmission cycle
PPRC/INDIA15
Malaria disease control
PPRC/INDIA 16
Malaria
:
Phyto-therapy
PPRC/INDIA 17
Musa sapientum
PPRC/INDIA18
Citrus limon
PPRC/INDIA19
Carica papaya
PPRC/INDIA20
Mangifera indica
PPRC/INDIA21
Guiera senegalensis
PPRC/INDIA22
Psidium guajava
PPRC/INDIA23
Cymbopogon citratus
PPRC/INDIA24
Artemisia annua
PPRC/INDIA25
Vernonia amygdalina
PPRC/INDIA26
Zea mays
PPRC/INDIA27
Zingiber officinale
PPRC/INDIA28
Allium sativum
PPRC/INDIA29
Cuminum cyminum
PPRC/INDIA30
Curcuma longa
PPRC/INDIA31
NEEM & TULSI
:
Effective remedies to keep
Malaria out of home
PPRC/INDIA 32
The Ubiquitous Tulsi
Ocimum spp.
from vedas to modern times
PPRC/INDIA 33
The earth is our mother.
She nourishes us that which
we put into the ground, she
returns to us likewise.
PPRC/INDIA 34
Ocimum
 Family: Labitae
 A genus of aromatic herbs
 Distributed in tropical and warm temperate regions of the
world
PPR...
Ocimum
 Total species on the globe: 160
 India has 9 species, 3 have become extinct
 Nomenclature and varieties complic...
About Ocimum
 Yields essential oils, Hybrids also yield oils
 Shows different physio-chemical properties
 Ocimum oils a...
Significant Ocimum species
 Ocimum americanum
 Ocimum basilicum
 Ocimum minimum …. Subspp.
 Ocimum gratissimum
PPRC/IN...
Significant Ocimum species
 Ocimum kilimandscharicum
 Ocimum viride
 Ocimum sanctum
PPRC/INDIA 39
Country-wise distribution
 Europe: O. basilicum, O. gratissimum
 China: O. basilicum Linn.
 Philippines islands: O. bas...
O. americanum
PPRC/INDIA41
Etyology of O. americanum
 Sankrit: Ajaka, Gambhira, Kuthera
 Hindi: Kali tulsi, Mamri
 Telugu: Kukka tulsi
PPRC/INDIA ...
Etyology of O. americanum
 Tamil, Kannada: Nayi tulsi
 Malyalam: Kattu tulsi
PPRC/INDIA 43
O. americanum Linn.
(O. canum) sims.
 An erect, sweet scented pubescent herb
 Height: 30 – 60 cm
 Grows in waste lands
...
O. americanum Linn.
(O. canum) sims.
 Leaves: glabrous, gland dotted
 Flowers: small white, purple, closely set whorls
s...
O. americanum Linn.
(O. canum) sims.
 Propagation: cultivation by seeds
 Seeds: mucilaginous, fixed oil (yield: 8 – 11 %...
O. americanum Linn.
(O. canum) sims.
 The seeds are used as food in mixture with other grains
in times of scarcity
 Cons...
O. americanum Linn.
(O. canum) sims.
 Steam distillation: pale yellow oil 0.7% yield, Odour of
lemon and lavender
 Prope...
O. americanum Linn.
(O. canum) sims.
 Medicinal properties: useful in cough, dysentery,
toothache, cold, catarrh skin inf...
O. americanum Linn.
(O. canum) sims.
 Leaf oil shows anti-bacterial activity against Mycobacteria
 Useful in soap, cosme...
O. basilicum
PPRC/INDIA51
Etyology of O. basilicum
 Sankrit: Munjarika, Surasa, Varvara
 Hindi: Babui tulsi, Gulal tulsi, Kali tulsi, Marua
 Telu...
Etyology of O. basilicum
 Tamil: Tirnirupachai, Karpura tulsi
 Kannada: Kama kasturi, Sajjagida
 Marathi: Marva, Sabza
...
Etyology of O. basilicum
 Gujrathi: Damaro, Nasabo, Sabza
 Oriya: Dhala tulsi, Kapur kanti
 Kashmiri: Niazbo
 Punjabi:...
O. basilicum Linn.
 Sweet Basil, Common basil
 An erect, glabrous herb, height: 30 – 90 cm
 Native of Central Asia, Nor...
O. basilicum Linn.
 Basilicum yields – “Oil of Basil” used as a flavouring agent
as perfume
 Propagated by seeds
 Sweet...
O. basilicum Linn.
 Numerous varieties: Var. basilicum, Var. pilosum Benth,
Var. majus Benth, Var. difforme Benth, Var. p...
O. basilicum Linn.
The characteristics of oil varies with region four types:
- European - Methyl
- Reunion - Eugenol
PPRC/...
O. basilicum Linn.
1. European type: Basil grown in Europe, America. Known
as oil of Sweet Basil. Active principle: Methyl...
O. basilicum Linn.
3. Methyl type: Distilled in Bulgaria, Sicily, Egypt. Active
principle: Chavicol, Methyl Cinn.
4. Eugen...
Oil of Sweet Basil
As a flavouring agent for:
1. Confectionary
2. Baked goods
3. Sauces
4. Tomato pastes
5. Pickles
6. Fan...
Oil of Sweet Basil
Scenting dental and oral preparations
Used also for perfume compounds
Soap perfumes
Basil oil posse...
Oil of Sweet Basil
Aqueous extracts of seeds are active against gram – positive
bacteria and mycobacteria
Properties of ...
Oil of Sweet Basil
Diseases curing: Cephaalgia, Gouty joints, for foul breath,
throat irritation, constipation, piles
Al...
Oil of Sweet Basil
Seeds possess demulcent, stimulant, diuretic, diaphoretic and
cooling properties
Effective against ho...
O. gratissimum
PPRC/INDIA66
O. gratissimum
 Shrubby Basil
 A tall much branched perennial shrub
 Height: 1 – 2.5 m, found all over India
 Leaves: ...
 Characteristics and composition of oil vary with different
areas
 Two types of volatile oils: 1. With Thymol 2. With Eu...
 Oil inhibits in-vitro growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis,
Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes,
E....
 Disease curing: Inflammed joints, intestinal and uterine
masculatere, abdominal colic, toothache, cough, stomach
ache, u...
O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka
PPRC/INDIA71
O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka
 Hindi, Marathi, Bengali: Kapur tulsi
 An under shrub, native of Kenya (S. Africa)
 Introdu...
O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka
 Leaves ovate / oblong, acute narrow at base
 Readily propagated from seeds and cuttings
 G...
 The crop ready for harvesting in 4 – 6 months after planting
 Yield of oil and camphor vary with locality, season of ha...
 Oil possess anti-bacterial properties as that similar of O.
gratissimum
 O. Kilimandscharicum – Primary source of camph...
 Oil – light yellow, odour of camphor content vary from 61 –
80.5%
 Oil used as solvent and vehicle for metallic lusters...
O. viride
PPRC/INDIA77
O. viride
Fever plant of Sierra leone
A branched shrub height 1.8 m
Native of Africa and introduced in India
The plant...
O. viride
Leaves ovate / obovate, margin toothed flowers cream white or
yellow
Leaves as flavouring agent in cooking and...
O. viride
Volatile oil – odour of thymol, pungent, spicy taste
A decoction of leaves is used in fevers and coughs
Leave...
O. sanctum
PPRC/INDIA81
O. sanctum
Also known as Krishna Tulas, Holy Basil
India’s sacred religious worshipped plant of Hindus
In Sanskrit, 47 ...
O. sanctum
Erect, much branched sub-shrub
Simple opposite, green / purple leaves with strong scent
Leaves have petioles...
O. sanctum
Chemicals: Thymol, Eugenol, Essential oils, Flavonoids, etc.
 Properties: > 60 e.g. anti-bacterial, anti-canc...
Healing power of Tulsi
 Malaria
 Mouth ulcer
 Anaemia
 Body pain
 Indigestion
 Stomach ache
 Vomiting
 Diseases of...
Healing power of Tulsi
 Burns
 Diarrhoea
 Earache
 Jaundice
 Worms
 Bronchitis
 Cancer
 Leprosy PPRC/INDIA 86
Healing power of Tulsi
 Cough
 Hair problems
 Eczema
 Throat pain
 Fever
 Flu and cold
 Chest pain
 Tuberculosis P...
Healing power of Tulsi
 Headache
 Skin diseases
 Asthma
 Toothache
 Gum pain
 Pneumonia
 Acidity
 Mental stress PP...
Healing power of Tulsi
 Boils
 Pollution
 Kidney stone
 Piles
 Hiccups, faint
 Ringworm
 Infectious diseases
 Blee...
Healing power of Tulsi
 High B.P.
 Liver diseases
 Obesity
 Constipation
 Memory enhancing
 Heart palpitation
PPRC/I...
NEEM
PPRC/INDIA91
NEEM
 Extensively used in Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathy
 Cynosure of modern medicine
 > 140 compounds isolated from va...
Used for curing
 Inflammation
 Infections
 Fever
 Skin diseases
 Dental disorders
PPRC/INDIA 93
Medicinal properties
 Anti-inflammatory
 Anti-hyperglycaemic
 Anti-ulcer
 Anti-viral
 Anti-oxidant
 Anti-malarial
PP...
Medicinal properties
 Anti-mutagenic
 Anti-carcinogenic
 Anti-fungal
 Anti-bacterial
PPRC/INDIA 95
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Malaria: life threatening disease

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On the occasion of World Health Day 2014, this presentation throws light on MALARIA (the theme of this year) It gives an overview of plants that have medicinal properties to cure the dreaded disease.

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Malaria: life threatening disease

  1. 1. Happy World Health Day 07.04.2014 Wishes from Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  2. 2. PPRC/INDIA 01
  3. 3. PPRC/INDIA 02
  4. 4. Theme : Vector-borne diseases PPRC/INDIA 03 Presented by Dr. Sudhakar Kokate Director PPRC, India
  5. 5. Eradication of MALARIA by GLOBAL PLANTS PPRC/INDIA 04
  6. 6. Dedication This presentation is dedicated to all patients suffering from “Malaria: a life threatening disease across the globe”. We wish them a speedy recovery and healthy life
  7. 7. Vector-borne diseases  Malaria  Elephantiasis  Dengue fever  Chikungunya  Japan elephantiasis  Yellow fever  Leishmaniasis PPRC/INDIA 05
  8. 8. Vectors  Mosquitoes  Sand flies  Bugs  Ticks  Snails PPRC/INDIA 06
  9. 9. Mosquitoes PPRC/INDIA 07
  10. 10. Sand flies PPRC/INDIA 08
  11. 11. Bugs PPRC/INDIA 09
  12. 12. Ticks PPRC/INDIA 10
  13. 13. Snails PPRC/INDIA 11
  14. 14. Stat  40% of world population is at risk from Dengue  1.3 million new cases of Leishmaniasis annually  > 50% population is at risk of vector-borne diseases  Poorest people affected at large  Malaria – the most deadly VBD 660,000 deaths/year PPRC/INDIA12
  15. 15. World Malaria Report 2013  Global efforts to control and eliminate Malaria – VBD saved  3.3 million lives since 2000 – 45% globally, 49% in Africa  No. of countries with highest Malaria burden – 10  Max. effect – children below 5 yrs. PPRC/INDIA 13
  16. 16. Facts of file  Serious disease having high fever, chills and muscle pain  Body weakness  Bite by mosquito Anopheles infected with Plasmodium parasite  Most in Africa, Southern Asia and Central America PPRC/INDIA14
  17. 17. Malaria transmission cycle PPRC/INDIA15
  18. 18. Malaria disease control PPRC/INDIA 16
  19. 19. Malaria : Phyto-therapy PPRC/INDIA 17
  20. 20. Musa sapientum PPRC/INDIA18
  21. 21. Citrus limon PPRC/INDIA19
  22. 22. Carica papaya PPRC/INDIA20
  23. 23. Mangifera indica PPRC/INDIA21
  24. 24. Guiera senegalensis PPRC/INDIA22
  25. 25. Psidium guajava PPRC/INDIA23
  26. 26. Cymbopogon citratus PPRC/INDIA24
  27. 27. Artemisia annua PPRC/INDIA25
  28. 28. Vernonia amygdalina PPRC/INDIA26
  29. 29. Zea mays PPRC/INDIA27
  30. 30. Zingiber officinale PPRC/INDIA28
  31. 31. Allium sativum PPRC/INDIA29
  32. 32. Cuminum cyminum PPRC/INDIA30
  33. 33. Curcuma longa PPRC/INDIA31
  34. 34. NEEM & TULSI : Effective remedies to keep Malaria out of home PPRC/INDIA 32
  35. 35. The Ubiquitous Tulsi Ocimum spp. from vedas to modern times PPRC/INDIA 33
  36. 36. The earth is our mother. She nourishes us that which we put into the ground, she returns to us likewise. PPRC/INDIA 34
  37. 37. Ocimum  Family: Labitae  A genus of aromatic herbs  Distributed in tropical and warm temperate regions of the world PPRC/INDIA 35
  38. 38. Ocimum  Total species on the globe: 160  India has 9 species, 3 have become extinct  Nomenclature and varieties complicated PPRC/INDIA 36
  39. 39. About Ocimum  Yields essential oils, Hybrids also yield oils  Shows different physio-chemical properties  Ocimum oils are classified on the basis of their chemical composition PPRC/INDIA 37
  40. 40. Significant Ocimum species  Ocimum americanum  Ocimum basilicum  Ocimum minimum …. Subspp.  Ocimum gratissimum PPRC/INDIA 38
  41. 41. Significant Ocimum species  Ocimum kilimandscharicum  Ocimum viride  Ocimum sanctum PPRC/INDIA 39
  42. 42. Country-wise distribution  Europe: O. basilicum, O. gratissimum  China: O. basilicum Linn.  Philippines islands: O. basilicum, O. gratissimum  India: O. sanctum, O. gratissimum, O. kilimandscharicum  S. Africa: O. sanctum, O. viridae PPRC/INDIA 40
  43. 43. O. americanum PPRC/INDIA41
  44. 44. Etyology of O. americanum  Sankrit: Ajaka, Gambhira, Kuthera  Hindi: Kali tulsi, Mamri  Telugu: Kukka tulsi PPRC/INDIA 42
  45. 45. Etyology of O. americanum  Tamil, Kannada: Nayi tulsi  Malyalam: Kattu tulsi PPRC/INDIA 43
  46. 46. O. americanum Linn. (O. canum) sims.  An erect, sweet scented pubescent herb  Height: 30 – 60 cm  Grows in waste lands  Cultivated fields throughout India PPRC/INDIA 44
  47. 47. O. americanum Linn. (O. canum) sims.  Leaves: glabrous, gland dotted  Flowers: small white, purple, closely set whorls spiciform racemes PPRC/INDIA 45
  48. 48. O. americanum Linn. (O. canum) sims.  Propagation: cultivation by seeds  Seeds: mucilaginous, fixed oil (yield: 8 – 11 %)  Characteristics and composition vary  The plant used as a pot-herb PPRC/INDIA 46
  49. 49. O. americanum Linn. (O. canum) sims.  The seeds are used as food in mixture with other grains in times of scarcity  Considered as diuretic, tonic, preparation of cooling drink PPRC/INDIA 47
  50. 50. O. americanum Linn. (O. canum) sims.  Steam distillation: pale yellow oil 0.7% yield, Odour of lemon and lavender  Properties: aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic and stimulant PPRC/INDIA 48
  51. 51. O. americanum Linn. (O. canum) sims.  Medicinal properties: useful in cough, dysentery, toothache, cold, catarrh skin infection  Shows anti-bacterial activity against – Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus and E. coli  Volatile oil inhibits the growth of tubercular bacilli PPRC/INDIA 49
  52. 52. O. americanum Linn. (O. canum) sims.  Leaf oil shows anti-bacterial activity against Mycobacteria  Useful in soap, cosmetic industry as a perfume PPRC/INDIA 50
  53. 53. O. basilicum PPRC/INDIA51
  54. 54. Etyology of O. basilicum  Sankrit: Munjarika, Surasa, Varvara  Hindi: Babui tulsi, Gulal tulsi, Kali tulsi, Marua  Telugu: Bhutulsi, Rudrajada, Vesudupaccha PPRC/INDIA 52
  55. 55. Etyology of O. basilicum  Tamil: Tirnirupachai, Karpura tulsi  Kannada: Kama kasturi, Sajjagida  Marathi: Marva, Sabza PPRC/INDIA 53
  56. 56. Etyology of O. basilicum  Gujrathi: Damaro, Nasabo, Sabza  Oriya: Dhala tulsi, Kapur kanti  Kashmiri: Niazbo  Punjabi: Furrunj mushk, Baburi, Niyazbo panr PPRC/INDIA 54
  57. 57. O. basilicum Linn.  Sweet Basil, Common basil  An erect, glabrous herb, height: 30 – 90 cm  Native of Central Asia, Northwest India  Leaves ovate – lanceolate, acuminate, toothed PPRC/INDIA 55
  58. 58. O. basilicum Linn.  Basilicum yields – “Oil of Basil” used as a flavouring agent as perfume  Propagated by seeds  Sweet basil possesses a clove-like aromatic scent PPRC/INDIA 56
  59. 59. O. basilicum Linn.  Numerous varieties: Var. basilicum, Var. pilosum Benth, Var. majus Benth, Var. difforme Benth, Var. purpurascens Benth, Var. glabratum Benth  Sweet basil possess a clove-like scent i.e. aromatic PPRC/INDIA 57
  60. 60. O. basilicum Linn. The characteristics of oil varies with region four types: - European - Methyl - Reunion - Eugenol PPRC/INDIA 58
  61. 61. O. basilicum Linn. 1. European type: Basil grown in Europe, America. Known as oil of Sweet Basil. Active principle: Methyl chavicol 2. Reunion: Distilled of Reunion Island, Madagascar Constituent: Methyl chavicol and camphor seychelles PPRC/INDIA 59
  62. 62. O. basilicum Linn. 3. Methyl type: Distilled in Bulgaria, Sicily, Egypt. Active principle: Chavicol, Methyl Cinn. 4. Eugenol type: Distilled in Java, Seychelles, USSR. Active principle: Eugenol PPRC/INDIA 60
  63. 63. Oil of Sweet Basil As a flavouring agent for: 1. Confectionary 2. Baked goods 3. Sauces 4. Tomato pastes 5. Pickles 6. Fancy vinegars 7. Spiced meats, Sausages 8. Beverages PPRC/INDIA 61
  64. 64. Oil of Sweet Basil Scenting dental and oral preparations Used also for perfume compounds Soap perfumes Basil oil possesses insecticidal and insect repellent properties PPRC/INDIA 62
  65. 65. Oil of Sweet Basil Aqueous extracts of seeds are active against gram – positive bacteria and mycobacteria Properties of plant – stomachic, anthelmintic, alexipharmic, antipyretic, diaphoretics, expectorant, carminative, stimulant, pectoral PPRC/INDIA 63
  66. 66. Oil of Sweet Basil Diseases curing: Cephaalgia, Gouty joints, for foul breath, throat irritation, constipation, piles Alcoholic and aqueous extracts of flowers possess anti- bacterial activity against:- Micrococcus Pyogenes var. aureus PPRC/INDIA 64
  67. 67. Oil of Sweet Basil Seeds possess demulcent, stimulant, diuretic, diaphoretic and cooling properties Effective against houseflies, mosquitoes, Salmonella typhosa The plant is used in homeopathic medicines PPRC/INDIA 65
  68. 68. O. gratissimum PPRC/INDIA66
  69. 69. O. gratissimum  Shrubby Basil  A tall much branched perennial shrub  Height: 1 – 2.5 m, found all over India  Leaves: Ovate, Flowers: Pale green, strongly scented PPRC/INDIA 67
  70. 70.  Characteristics and composition of oil vary with different areas  Two types of volatile oils: 1. With Thymol 2. With Eugenol  Oil possesses marked bacterial activity and low toxicity O. gratissimum PPRC/INDIA 68
  71. 71.  Oil inhibits in-vitro growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, E. coli and Salmonella typhosa O. gratissimum PPRC/INDIA 69
  72. 72.  Disease curing: Inflammed joints, intestinal and uterine masculatere, abdominal colic, toothache, cough, stomach ache, urinary disorders  The plant is considered as digestive, tonic, stimulant, diuretic, antiemetic, antiseptic O. gratissimum PPRC/INDIA 70
  73. 73. O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka PPRC/INDIA71
  74. 74. O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka  Hindi, Marathi, Bengali: Kapur tulsi  An under shrub, native of Kenya (S. Africa)  Introduced and cultivated in India PPRC/INDIA 72
  75. 75. O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka  Leaves ovate / oblong, acute narrow at base  Readily propagated from seeds and cuttings  Grows in plains and hills +900 m height PPRC/INDIA 73
  76. 76.  The crop ready for harvesting in 4 – 6 months after planting  Yield of oil and camphor vary with locality, season of harvest and plant material distilled O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka PPRC/INDIA 74
  77. 77.  Oil possess anti-bacterial properties as that similar of O. gratissimum  O. Kilimandscharicum – Primary source of camphor  Volatile oil – mosquito repellent, may be used as solvent of DDT O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka PPRC/INDIA 75
  78. 78.  Oil – light yellow, odour of camphor content vary from 61 – 80.5%  Oil used as solvent and vehicle for metallic lusters on ceramic bodies O. Kilimandscharicum Guerka PPRC/INDIA 76
  79. 79. O. viride PPRC/INDIA77
  80. 80. O. viride Fever plant of Sierra leone A branched shrub height 1.8 m Native of Africa and introduced in India The plant highly scented PPRC/INDIA 78
  81. 81. O. viride Leaves ovate / obovate, margin toothed flowers cream white or yellow Leaves as flavouring agent in cooking and in salads The plant is used as a poultice for rheumatism and lumbago PPRC/INDIA 79
  82. 82. O. viride Volatile oil – odour of thymol, pungent, spicy taste A decoction of leaves is used in fevers and coughs Leaves juice for catarrh and as eye drops for conjunctivitis PPRC/INDIA 80
  83. 83. O. sanctum PPRC/INDIA81
  84. 84. O. sanctum Also known as Krishna Tulas, Holy Basil India’s sacred religious worshipped plant of Hindus In Sanskrit, 47 names are given to O. sanctum: Haripriya, Suras, Sumedha, Vrinda, Surabhi,etc…. PPRC/INDIA 82
  85. 85. O. sanctum Erect, much branched sub-shrub Simple opposite, green / purple leaves with strong scent Leaves have petioles and are ovate Flowers are purplish in elongate racemes in close whorls PPRC/INDIA 83
  86. 86. O. sanctum Chemicals: Thymol, Eugenol, Essential oils, Flavonoids, etc.  Properties: > 60 e.g. anti-bacterial, anti-cancer, anti-AIDS and anti-ulcer amongst many others PPRC/INDIA 84
  87. 87. Healing power of Tulsi  Malaria  Mouth ulcer  Anaemia  Body pain  Indigestion  Stomach ache  Vomiting  Diseases of intestine PPRC/INDIA85
  88. 88. Healing power of Tulsi  Burns  Diarrhoea  Earache  Jaundice  Worms  Bronchitis  Cancer  Leprosy PPRC/INDIA 86
  89. 89. Healing power of Tulsi  Cough  Hair problems  Eczema  Throat pain  Fever  Flu and cold  Chest pain  Tuberculosis PPRC/INDIA 87
  90. 90. Healing power of Tulsi  Headache  Skin diseases  Asthma  Toothache  Gum pain  Pneumonia  Acidity  Mental stress PPRC/INDIA 88
  91. 91. Healing power of Tulsi  Boils  Pollution  Kidney stone  Piles  Hiccups, faint  Ringworm  Infectious diseases  Bleeding PPRC/INDIA 89
  92. 92. Healing power of Tulsi  High B.P.  Liver diseases  Obesity  Constipation  Memory enhancing  Heart palpitation PPRC/INDIA 90
  93. 93. NEEM PPRC/INDIA91
  94. 94. NEEM  Extensively used in Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathy  Cynosure of modern medicine  > 140 compounds isolated from various plant parts  All parts are used PPRC/INDIA 92
  95. 95. Used for curing  Inflammation  Infections  Fever  Skin diseases  Dental disorders PPRC/INDIA 93
  96. 96. Medicinal properties  Anti-inflammatory  Anti-hyperglycaemic  Anti-ulcer  Anti-viral  Anti-oxidant  Anti-malarial PPRC/INDIA 94
  97. 97. Medicinal properties  Anti-mutagenic  Anti-carcinogenic  Anti-fungal  Anti-bacterial PPRC/INDIA 95
  98. 98. “BE WITH US” Thank You !!

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