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OpenAIRE factsheet: Open Access in Horizon 2020 (for Research Administrators)

OpenAIRE H2020 Open Access factsheets (2014).
H2020 Guide for Research Administrators.

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OpenAIRE factsheet: Open Access in Horizon 2020 (for Research Administrators)

  1. 1. www.openaire.eu OpenAIRE Guide for Research Administrators - EC funded projects This Fact sheet gives an overview of how and where to include reference to Open Access and Open Science in Horizon 2020 applications. It also highlights the need for metadata for publications and the Open Research Data Pilot. Did you know? The Horizon2020 Grant agreement requires beneficiaries to provide Open Access to their research results: Why Open Science? The EC capitalises on open access and open science as it lowers barriers to accessing publicly-funded research. This increases research impact, the free- flow of ideas and facilitates (innovation in) a knowledge-driven society at the same time underpinning the EU Digital Agenda. Reference to open access will contribute to different stages of the proposal, from the concept development, to the impact assessment of the project and dissemination of the results. “[…] beneficiary must ensure open access (free of charge) to all peer- reviewed scientific publications […] the data, including associated metadata, free of charge for any user […]” Figure 1: Horizon 2020 Grant Agreement requirements from beneficiaries with respect to Open Science. Source: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/ data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/amga/h2020-amga_en.pdf, 6 Aug 2014 Source: http://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation-union/images/pict5.png
  2. 2. www.openaire.eu Throughout the proposal, consider how the research itself will be performed and made openly available. Section 1 - Concept: While developing the overarching objectives of your concept (Section 1 of the application), make reference to principles like Responsible Research and Innovation and Open Science as accelerators of knowledge transfer, and networking new knowledge. Section 2 - Impact and Dissemination: Provide evidence that you plan to provide open access to all research results of the project, from research data and software code to publications, reports and policy briefs. Research results: • Publications: Depositing copies of all your projects publications, together with the metadata, in a subject specific or institutional repository automatically makes the publications visible on the EC’s CORDIS system,andassistsyouwithDisseminationReporting. Alternatively, costs for open access publishing are also eligible costs (if an open access journal charges article fees) Tip! Allpublicationsshouldbedepositedregardless whether it is published in an open access journal or not. Find your relevant repository here: https://www. openaire.eu/participate/deposit-publications-data • Data: For some disciplines the research data pertaining to a publication also needs to be made open,viatheEC’sOpenResearchDataPilot.Thiscovers some Horizon 2020 projects, but not all. You need to produce a data management plan in the proposal. Identify a suitable discipline data repository, www. re3data.org, or even a peer-reviewed data journal, and put priority on issue of Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for all your data products, so that you can follow the behaviour of the user. See the OpenAIRE Guide for more details: https://www.openaire.eu/oa- in-h2020/h2020/h2020-oa-data-pilot • Did you know? You can store data, publications and software in a specially dedicated repository for EC project output: www.zenodo.org. Where can I get more information? Further Support: If you are in a research institution, your Knowledge Managers and Librarians are your best advisors on what infrastructure and support exists for each research product along the research cycle. Fact Sheets from the EC: Open Access Mandate: • http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/ h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa- pilot-guide_en.pdf • http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/ open_access/ Open Research Data Pilot: • http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-1257_ en.htm OpenAIRE: OpenAIRE, funded by the EC, provides a range of services and tools for you to use, such as generating publication lists for reporting FAQ: https://www.openaire.eu/support/faq It also gives supports on open access: https://www.openaire.eu/open-access-overview/ open-access-info/overview-of-open-access Checklist to follow during the application process
  3. 3. www.openaire.eu How to tackle the Impact section with mention of Open Access: Below is an example text: The Project consortium acknowledges that the research and new knowledge generated is of societal benefit, and could potentiallycontributetowardsolutionsofsocietalchallenges.Assuch,theforegroundknowledgeneedstobedisseminated in an optimum way for impact and re-use of results, according to Responsible Research & Innovation (RRI) principles1 . Currently only 50% of research is freely accessible to the public2 , resulting in measurable loss to the knowledge-based SME sector and slowing down innovation3 . The Project consortium will thus optimize on the dissemination and impact of foreground along the full knowledge production chain, and integrate Open Science principles in its Dissemination & Communication Strategy. In support of the EC Digital Agenda4 and the Economic Growth agenda of the Innovation Union (Green Action Plan5 ), the consortium will fully integrate Grant Agreement Article 29 into its workflow at task level. Foreground data (state diversity of data generated) will be permanently archived at generation in STATE REPOSITORY6 and publicly released and/ or published7 (with the exception of Third Party data, national security data, medical/patient data) during the lifetime of the project8 . Software code, tools and interfaces developed as part of the concept will be open source code and full access provided via STATE REPOSITORY9 . Resulting research publications (refer to tasks/WP most likely to publish) will also be made openly available via e-Infrastructure OpenAIRE10 (DG CONNECT; request letters of support), predominantly relying on the Green Open Access strategy (self-archiving) for maximum return on investment for project and funder, and actively linked to underlying data objects, in support of the EC Open Data Pilot11 . For longevity of knowledge transfer and best practice uptake beyond the project lifetime, The Project will cooperate with concurrent training initiatives within FP7 FOSTER12 (DG Research) and OpenAIRE+, and incorporate Open Science training in any summers schools and research training workshops, to assure that the strategy is adopted by the next generation of young researchers (refer to WP/Tasks dealing with this). Focus will be placed on demonstrating that Open Science and RRI are not only for societal and community benefit, but also directly support the career needs for impact, visibility and multiplying collaborations for individual researchers. Alining the societal and research impact of knowledge generation can in the long-term bridge the gap between science and society. 1 EC Responsible Research & Innovation http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/document_library/pdf_06/responsible-research-and- innovation-leaflet_en.pdf 2 Archambault, E. et al. Proportion of OA Peer-Reviewed Papers at the European & World Levels 2004-2011. (2013). at http://www.science- metrix.com/pdf/SM_EC_OA_Availability_2004-2011.pdf 3 Houghton, J., Swan, A., Brown, S., 2011. Access to research and technical information in Denmark [WWW Document]. URL http://www.deff. dk/uploads/media/Access_to_Research_and_Technical_Information_in_Denmark.pdf 4 EC Digital Agenda & Access to Knowledge http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/open-access-scientific-knowledge-0 5 EC Green Action Plan for SMEs http://ec.europa.eu/DocsRoom/documents/4790/attachments/1/translations/en/renditions/native 6 Choose a discipline-specific perennial Data Repository from http://www.re3data.org/ 7 Choose likely Data Journals of relevance: e.g. Nature Scientific Data, or search http://doaj.org 8 NB: embargoes can be placed to allow project to publish/exploit first, but consortium should aim for full release by end of contract, or justify why access needs to be restricted (publications may not be viewed favourably at review). 9 Choose a structured archive with minimum metadata requirements to allow maximum re-use e.g. GitHub, SourceForge, etc. 10 EC FP7 and Horizon2020 funded e-Infrastructure https://www.openaire.eu/ in support of EC Digital Agenda 11 EC Open Data Pilot http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-1257_en.htm 12 FP7 FOSTER, Facilitating Open Science in European Research

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