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OSFair2017 Training | What is Open Science and why should I care?

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Nancy Pontika talks about opening up science & implementation.

Workshop title: Fostering the practical implementation of Open Science in Horizon 2020 and beyond

Workshop overview:
This workshop will showcase some of the elements required for the transition to Open Science: services and tools, policies as guidance for good practices, and the roles of the respective actors and their networks.

DAY 2 - PARALLEL SESSION 4 & 5

Published in: Science
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OSFair2017 Training | What is Open Science and why should I care?

  1. 1. What is Open Science and why should I care? Dr. Nancy Pontika Open Access Aggregation Officer CORE Twitter: @nancypontika
  2. 2. What is Open Science
  3. 3. What is Open Science? The movement to make scientific research, data and dissemination accessible to all levels of an inquiring society. [FOSTER, Open Science Definition https://www.fosteropenscience.eu/taxonomy/term/7] Scope: • Transparency in experimental methodology, observation, and collection of data • Public availability and reusability of scientific data • Public accessibility and transparency of scientific communication • Using web-based tools to facilitate scientific collaboration [The OpenScience Project, What exactly is open science http://www.openscience.org/blog/?p=269]
  4. 4. Research Lifecycle: as simple as it gets Idea Methodology Data Collection Analysis Publish
  5. 5. Idea Methodology Data Collection Analysis Publish Journal article, Dissertation, Book, Source Code, etc. Experiments, Interviews, Observations, etc. Numbers, Code, Text, Images, sound records, etc. Statistics, processes, analysis, documentation, etc. Research Lifecycle: focus on the steps
  6. 6. Idea Methodology Data Collection Analysis Publish Experiments, Interviews, Observations, etc. Numbers, Code, Text, Images, sound records, etc. Statistics, processes, analysis, documentation, etc. Journal article, Dissertation, Book, Source Code, etc. ResearchLifecycle: focus on the publications
  7. 7. Open Science can Multiply Serendipity in research …
  8. 8. Opening up the research life cycle Idea Methodology Data Collection Analysis Publish Experiments, Interviews, Observations, etc. Numbers, Code, Text, Images, sound records, etc. Statistics, processes, analysis, documentation, etc. Journal article, Dissertation, Book, Source Code, etc. Versioning control, Storage & Management Workflow Management Systems Interactive computing Wikis, Blogs, Social Media
  9. 9. Source: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v461/n7261/index.html ”If we wait 5 years for (Arctic) data to be released, the Arctic is going to be a very different place” Parsons, Arctic Research Scientist
  10. 10. Open Science taxonomy Paper available at http://oro.open.ac.uk/44719/. Image available at http://oro.open.ac.uk/47806/
  11. 11. Topics: adoption and gaps Image available at https://www.fosteropenscience.eu/resources
  12. 12. Open Science implementation
  13. 13. Is it a wrap rage? Image from Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrap_rage
  14. 14. Open Science is now a requirement Research results: “each beneficiary must ensure open access to all peer- reviewed scientific publications” (page 4) Research data: “A new feature of Horizon 2020 is the Open Research Data Pilot (ORD Pilot), designed to improve and maximise access to and reuse of research data generated by projects… The Pilot on Open Research Data will be monitored throughout Horizon 2020 with a view to further developing Commission policy on open research.” (page 7) Report URL: https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-pilot-guide_en.pdf
  15. 15. Research and Social Impact Research Excellence Framework (REF) 65% 20% 15% Excellence – Impact - Implementation Quality Research Outputs Impact Research Environment [Source: http://www.ref.ac.uk/panels/assessmentcriteriaandleveldefinitions/]
  16. 16. Open Science benefits
  17. 17. General benefits • Increases research efficiency • Promotes scholarly rigour and enhances research quality • Enhances visibility and engagement • Enables the creation of new research questions • Enhances collaboration and community building [Source: Open To All? Case studies of openness in Research http://www.rin.ac.uk/system/files/attachments/NESTA-RIN_Open_Science_V01_0.pdf]
  18. 18. Benefits for early career researchers • Become pioneers • Have gained valuable experience • Distinguish from the crowd • Plan successful research proposals • Receive higher citations • Know how to comply with funders’ policies • Comply with funders’ policies • Demonstrate research and societal impact [Note: see also benefits of open access for early career researchers http://oro.open.ac.uk/44720/]
  19. 19. Benefits to research consumers Source: https://core.ac.uk/
  20. 20. Benefits to Text and Data Miners Open content enables the collection of a large corpus and promotes the use of TDM. • Unlocks hidden information and develops new knowledge • Explores new horizons • Improves research and evidence base • Improves research process quality
  21. 21. Why Open Science?
  22. 22. Research Reproducibility • greater visibility and impact for authors & projects • makes research networked & interconnected • networked research generates serendipity by default • speeds up innovation & discovery, takes ideas to the market & solutions to societal challenges
  23. 23. Source: Houghton, J., Swan, A. & Brown, S. Access to research and technical information in Denmark. (2011) http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/272603 19% of the processes developed would have been delayed or abandoned without access to research a 2.2 years delay would cost around EUR 5 million per firm in lost sales Open Science contributes to Economic Growth
  24. 24. Other benefits • Media coverage • Receive more citations for your data • Open licenses allow reuse • Discover projects and collaborators • Open peer review
  25. 25. Thank you! Q&A

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