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Open knowledge


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Open knowledge

  1. 1. UK researchers’ behaviours and the drive for open knowledge Branwen Hide April 24 th , 2010 Open Knowledge Conference 2010
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Web 2.0 information sharing tools by UK researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Data sharing/Open research practises of UK researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Factors that influence researcher behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and recommendations </li></ul>
  3. 3. Use of Web 2.0 information sharing tools* by UK researchers (RIN 2010) Use and relevance of web 2.0 for researchers <ul><li>*posting or commenting on Blogs, creating/contributing to wikis, posting slides, text, images or video, commenting on or rating online journal articles </li></ul>31% 22% 20% 28% PhD Student 15% 15% 18% 16% Research Fellow 12% 9% 13% 11% Lecturer 11% 18% 15% 14% Senior Lecturer 5% 9% 6% 7% Reader 19% 21% 20% 18% Professor Position 40% 44% 14% 100% All respondents Non-adopters Occasional Users Frequent Users All survey respondents  
  4. 4. Data sharing/Open research practises of UK researchers <ul><li>Many researchers are very reluctant to share their data openly </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But they do share with trusted individuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Over the past few years researchers have becoming slightly more open in their practises </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With older, more established researchers being more likely to be an open scientist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences between disciplines and at different stages of the research life cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness and efficiency gains: share within projects rather that publicly </li></ul><ul><li>Open working can increase the visibility of the researcher group </li></ul><ul><li>Different level of knowledge is required to understand secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to keep data closed than to figure out what to release, when and how </li></ul>
  5. 5. Factors that influence researcher behaviour <ul><li>Research assessment </li></ul><ul><li>The extent to which researchers engage in collaborations </li></ul><ul><li>Encouragement and support provided by the local research environment </li></ul><ul><li>Size and cohesion of research environment </li></ul><ul><li>Need for standards and documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of gathering data vs. </li></ul><ul><li>analysis of existing data </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conclusions <ul><li>There is increasing momentum and support for open knowledge principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocates and skeptics are both working within the constraints of their research environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth in open access publishing and data sharing initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growing acceptance of publications describing datasets and resources </li></ul><ul><li>But researchers do have concerns about IP, copyright, inappropriate use of data, ethical implications, misinterpretation of data, quality assurance (if publishing everything) </li></ul><ul><li>Need for recognition and reward </li></ul>
  7. 7. Recommendations <ul><li>Need for recognition of specialists directly involved in supporting open science/data sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Need for infrastructure as well as skills and resources, to support and develop open science practices </li></ul><ul><li>Research funders need to develop and coordinate policy on data sharing and open working </li></ul><ul><li>Need to establish the means to be able to measure scientific value of open datasets and research materials </li></ul><ul><li>Need for tools and guidelines to help researchers asses the openness of their research processes and help identify the opportunities that exist to open them further </li></ul><ul><li>Need to establish mechanism to provide recognition and reward for engaging with principles of open knowledge principles </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reference <ul><li>To share or not to share: research data outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating knowledge: how and why researchers publish and disseminate their findings </li></ul><ul><li>Use and relevance of web 2.0 for researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Open science case studies </li></ul><ul><li>All available at </li></ul>
  9. 9. Branwen Hide Liaison and Partnership Officer Research Information Network [email_address]