W h a t Is a C a r n iv o r o u s P la n t ?• Carnivorous plants are those which attract, capture, kill, and digest invertebrates (and the occasional vertebrate).• Hundreds of species of plants from several genera are carnivorous.• Carnivorous plants are found all over the world.• Their habitats range from grasslands to swamps to under water, from civilization to the jungles of the Amazon.• Many of them are protected by laws against collecting in the wild.
Some caniv ous pl nt r or a s• Aldrovanda vesiculosa • Drosophyllum• Amorphophallus lusitanicum titanum spp. • foetidaPhoradendro• Brocchinia reducta n spp. Byblis liniflora • Genlisea hispidula• Capsella bursa- • Heliamphora tatei pastoris • Ibicella lutea• Cephalotus follicularis • Leedertzae• Darlingtonia californica • Metopium (Pitcher plant) toxiferum• Dionaea muscipula • Nepenthes thorellii. (Venus fly trap)• Drosera paradoxa (Sundew)
SOM M e Caniv ous Pl nt e or r or a s• Roridula gorgonias • N. bicalcarata• Pinguicula longifolia • Passiflora• Sarracenia flava • Pinguicula vulgaris (Pitcher plant) (Butterwort)• Sarcodes sanguinea • Platanthera• Sphagnum S. alata sparsiflora• Stapelia • Proboscidea spp.• Triphyophyllum • Pterospora andromedea• Utricularia (Bladderwort) • Pueraria montana
HowDo T Pl nt Cach T F he a s t heir ood?• As you can see some Carnivorous Plants have a sticky substance that catches flies on their leaves.• Others drown the insects in a pitcher shape that is part of the plant.• Still others trap whatever touches special trigger hairs.
A r e T h e P la n t s H a r d to G ro w ?• Carnivorous plants can be easy to grow.• They can be cultivated in a greenhouse.• You can grow some varieties in your house as house plants!
V fl t a (D ionaea) enus y r p• It is the most commonly known carnivorous plants.• The leaf closes when the tiny hairs inside the leaf are touched.• This picture (right) shows a leaf with an unusual double trap. (It is the only leaf known to have to grown like that)
Buter or (P inguicula) twt• Different varieties are found all over the world• They create a ‘winter resting bud’ that helps them survive cold weather• They are easy to grow in a greenhouse, but harder to grow in a terrarium because they need good air circulation.
APit pl ntbl cher a ossom•One variety of Pitcher Plants livesprimarily on the West Coast in the UnitedStates (Darlingtonia)•The other varieties grow primarily inFlorida and South Carolina (Sarracenia)