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071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay


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071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay

  1. 1. 071-332-5000 (SL3) Prepare an Operation Overlay<br />STP 21-24 SMCT<br />
  2. 2. Given <br />Complete copy of the operation order (OPORD) that your unit is to execute<br />Commander's or a battalion operations officer's (S3) guidance (to include time available for preparation)<br />Conditions<br />
  3. 3. Given (cont.)<br />Overlay material (paper/acetate)<br />Tape<br />Map of the operational area, <br />Colored pencils/markers (red, black, blue, green, and yellow)<br />No. 2 pencil <br />Coordinate scale<br />FM 101-5-1<br />Conditions (cont.)<br />
  4. 4. Within the specified time: <br />Identified the overlay by map reference data, effective date, and purpose<br />The overlay contained classification markings and downgrading instructions, if applicable and distribution instructions and authentication, if distributed separately<br />Standards<br />
  5. 5. Within the specified time: (cont.)<br />Prepared overlay in accordance with overlay techniques outlined in FM 101-5-1, with:<br />Boundaries and unit locations plotted to within 50 meters<br />Tactics and fire support measures to within 25 meters<br />Standards (cont.)<br />
  6. 6. Create a condensed representation of:<br />Plans<br />Orders<br />Information concerning a military operation<br />Heavy use of military symbols<br />Purpose<br />
  7. 7. Performance Steps<br />
  8. 8. Orient the overlay material over the map area to the annotated portion<br />Temporarily attach it to the map with the tape or tacks<br />Trace the grid intersections nearest the opposite corners of the overlay <br />Label each with the proper grid coordinates<br />Register the Overlay<br />
  9. 9. Register the Overlay (cont.)<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />
  10. 10. Use colored pencils or markers in standard colors, when available, to plot any detail (FM 101-5-1) <br />Otherwise, plot the activity you wish to show with a pen or pencil that makes a lasting mark without cutting the overlay<br />Plot New Detail<br />
  11. 11. Use standard military symbols where possible<br />When the author invents nonstandard symbols, they must be identified on the edge of the overlay<br />Show only that detail with which the document is directly concerned<br />Plot New Detail (cont.)<br />
  12. 12. Standard colors<br />Blue or Black<br />Friendly units, installations, equipment, and activities<br />Red<br />Enemy installations, equipment, and activities<br />Yellow<br />Any areas of chemical, biological or radiological contamination<br />Green  <br />Any man-made obstacle<br />If only one color is available, enemy symbols are depicted with double lines<br />Plot New Detail (cont.)<br />
  13. 13. The classification of the overlay is dependent upon classification of the order used to prepare the overlay<br />Top Secret<br />Secret<br />Confidential<br />Unclassified<br />U//FOUO—"Unclassified—For Official Use Only"<br />Mark the top and bottom of the overlay with the classification<br />Mark the Overlay Classification<br />
  14. 14. Basic Military Symbols and Graphics <br />
  15. 15. Basic Symbols<br />
  16. 16. Basic Unit Symbols<br />Blue<br />Green<br />Blue<br />Red<br />
  17. 17. Modifiers<br />
  18. 18. Modifiers<br />
  19. 19. Modifiers<br />Air Assault<br />Airborne<br />Gun Equipped<br />Mechanized<br />or Armored<br />Armored<br />(Wheeled)<br />Motorized<br />LP or OP<br />Reconnaissance<br />(Scout)<br />Air Defense<br />Artillery<br />Anti-Armor<br />Aviation,<br />Fixed Wing<br />Aviation,<br />Rotary<br />
  20. 20. Modifiers<br />Engineer<br />Artillery<br />Infantry<br />Chemical<br />MI<br />MP<br />Military<br />Intelligence<br />Military<br />Police<br />Signal<br />Supply<br />Maintenance<br />Medical<br />Medical Treatment<br />Facility<br />Supply Trains<br />
  21. 21. Unit Symbols<br />E.g. B CO, 3d BN, 52d INF <br />
  22. 22. Operational Graphics<br />
  23. 23. Operational Graphics<br />
  24. 24. Operational Graphics<br />
  25. 25. Recognize Overlay Techniques<br />
  26. 26. Solid lines indicate<br />The location of a unit or installation or coordinating detail (for example, line of departure or boundary) is in effect and will continue, or is made effective by the order prepared<br />Broken lines indicate<br />Proposed or future location<br />Coordinating detail to become effective later<br />Solid and Broken Lines<br />
  27. 27. Areas of tactical responsibility<br />In the offense - referred to as zones of action<br />In the defense and retrograde - referred to as sectors of responsibility<br />Desirably drawn along terrain features easily recognizable on the ground<br />Boundaries<br />
  28. 28. Shown by solid line if currently in effect or made effective by the order prepared<br />Future or proposed boundaries are shown by a broken line and  labeled to indicate the effective time<br />Boundaries (cont.)<br />
  29. 29. <ul><li>Symbol is placed on the boundary to show size and designation of the highest units that share the boundary</li></ul>If the units are of unequal size, the symbols of the higher unit are shown and the designation of the lower is given completely to show its size<br />Boundaries (cont.)<br />
  30. 30. Shown from the line of departure (LD) to the objective following an avenue of approach<br />Axis of Advance<br />
  31. 31. Twist is placed in the shaft of the open arrow to differentiate between a ground axis of advance and an air assault of advance<br />Axis of Advance (cont.)<br />
  32. 32. Specify the direction in which the center of mass of a subordinate unit must move in an attack to ensure the accomplishment of a closely coordinated plan of maneuver<br />Extends from the line of departure to the objective and is not labeled<br />Direction of Attack Arrows<br />
  33. 33. When a unit is directed to seize successive objectives with its main attack along a certain line, either one arrow extending through the objectives to the final objective or a series of arrows connecting the objectives may be used<br />The double arrowhead is used to distinguish the main attack for the command as a whole<br />Direction of Attack Arrows<br />
  34. 34. Arrows used to indicate<br />Terrain over which the unit operates <br />Farthest extension of its mission<br />Units Assigned Security Missions<br />
  35. 35. Main supply route (MSR) <br />Route(s) designated within an area of operations upon which the bulk of traffic flows in support of military operations<br />Labeled MSR and assigned a code name<br />Not used below division level<br />Graphic Portrayal of Supply Routes<br />
  36. 36. Symbol should be drawn so its center corresponds with the coordinates at which the unit is located<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location<br />
  37. 37. Offset technique <br />Used for clarity when space precludes normal symbol placement<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)<br />
  38. 38. Offset staffs<br />May be "bent" as required.  <br />Dashed for future or proposed locations  <br />Extend vertically from the bottom center of the symbol (except for command posts [CP])<br />End of the offset staff indicates <br />Exact locations of CPs and aid stations <br />Center of mass for other units or installations  <br />The staff for a CP symbol is always on the left edge<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)<br />
  39. 39. Locations of attacking units normally indicated by boundaries or by unit symbols<br />Locationof the reserve is indicated by an assembly area symbol and by a CP or unit symbol<br />Reserve units of a force assigned defense position or battle position normally are shown by a line enclosing the area occupied or to be occupied<br />"goose egg"<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)<br />
  40. 40. Each objective is identified by the abbreviation "OBJ" and a number, letter, or name designation<br />Objective(s)<br />
  41. 41. Indicated by drawing the boundary across the front of the unit, usually along a well-defined terrain feature such as a stream, ridge, or highway<br />Company A will be pinched out after seizing OBJ 1; Company B will seize OBJ 2 and continue the attack to seize OBJ 3<br />Pinch Out a Unit<br />
  42. 42. Line (including the size symbol of the defending unit) encloses the area<br />Closed side of the symbol is oriented toward the most likely enemy threat<br />Defended Areas<br />
  43. 43. Control measure to coordinate the advance of an attacking unit<br />Clearly defined on the ground and on the map<br />Approximately perpendicular to the direction of the attack<br />Under control of friendly units<br />Marked on both ends<br />Line of Departure<br />
  44. 44. Units are in contact with the enemy<br />Frontline is shown as a series of arcs<br />Ends of arced linea are labeled "LC"<br />If the LC is used as an LD, it is marked LD/LC<br />Line of Contact<br />
  45. 45. <ul><li>Units report their arrival at, or clearance of, a PL, but they do not halt unless ordered to do so</li></ul>Control the progress of units<br />Also used to control fires and unit movement and even to limit the advance of attacking elements<br />Should be easily recognized terrain features, normally perpendicular to the direction of advance<br />Drawn as a solid line with the letters PL at each end of the line identified further by a number, a letter, or code name<br />Phase Line<br />
  46. 46. Where a delaying action begins, trading space for time<br />Enemy is held forward of delay lines until the specified time or until permission is granted to withdraw<br />Usually given a code name, but may have a number, letter, or a variety of code names<br />Its time phase is indicated as a date-time group <br />Two-digit day and a four-digit hour, both connected<br />Letters IDP placed in parentheses between the line code name and the date-time group <br />Initial Delay Position<br />
  47. 47. Points<br />Coordinating Points<br />Designated on boundaries as specific points for coordination of fires and maneuver between adjacent units<br />Checkpoints<br />Number, letter, or code word inside an upright rectangle<br />Easily recognizable terrain features or objects, such as crossroads, churches, lone buildings, stream junctions, hills, bridges, and railroad crossings<br />
  48. 48. Points (cont.)<br />Contact Points<br />Designated physical contact<br />Passage Point<br />Similar to a checkpoint with the letters PP and the number or letter designation of the passage point within the symbol<br />Designated along the LD of the unit being passed through<br />Located where the commander desires subordinate units to actually pass<br />
  49. 49. Points (cont.)<br />Linkup Points  <br />Easily identifiable point on the ground and map that is used to facilitate the joining, connecting, or reconnecting of elements of a unit or units<br />Points of Departure (PDs)<br />Normally are shown along the LD for night attacks<br />Similar to a checkpoint containing the abbreviation “PD” and a letter or number within the symbol <br />The point of the arrow is at the bottom of its location<br />
  50. 50. Test<br />Friendly Mechanized Infantry Unit<br />Location: XJ 90 84<br />Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Unit<br />Location: XJ 89 89<br />Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Unit with Gun Systems<br />Location: XJ 85 82<br />Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Battalion with Gun Systems<br />Location: XJ 87 85<br />710th Area Support Medical CO, 108th Multifunctional Medical BN, 108th Sustainment BDE<br />Location: XJ 85 85<br />
  51. 51. QUESTIONS<br />