‘ e-Waste ’  and  WEEE Directive EU progress and recent developments Implications and suggestions for Macedonia < Balkans ...
What is ‘e-waste’ and why do we need to manage it? <ul><li>Some  20bil items of electronics  in use worldwide </li></ul><u...
Approaches to e-waste management: the EU ‘WEEE Directive’ <ul><li>The EU  Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equ...
How is the WEEE Directive working? <ul><li>Some Member States easily meeting current annual collection target (4kg inh/yr)...
Better e-waste management: WEEE Review <ul><li>EU has recognised shortcomings - a  recasting process is taking place </li>...
Who’s doing WEEE well? <ul><li>Collection and treatment performance - 2009 </li></ul>Adapted from Huismann 2010. From 4kg ...
How do they do it <ul><li>‘ High fliers’: Sweden and Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Existing ‘WEEE culture’ </li></ul><ul><li>C...
WEEE in the UK <ul><li>‘ Medium flyer’: UK </li></ul><ul><li>No existing ‘WEEE culture’  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>–  No trans...
Implications/ Options for Macedonia? <ul><li>How e-waste is managed largely depends on the country context… </li></ul><ul>...
Implications/ Options for Macedonia? <ul><li>So, there is a lot to do, but also lots of opportunity  </li></ul><ul><li>Cha...
Many thanks <ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>
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‘e-Waste’ and WEEE Directive

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‘e-Waste’ and WEEE Directive

  1. 1. ‘ e-Waste ’ and WEEE Directive EU progress and recent developments Implications and suggestions for Macedonia < Balkans E-waste Management Advocacy Network>
  2. 2. What is ‘e-waste’ and why do we need to manage it? <ul><li>Some 20bil items of electronics in use worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid product replacement » massive waste generation </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest-growing waste stream in EU – 12m tonnes by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic and valuable content </li></ul><ul><li>Some excellent approaches to e-waste management, but some have no system at all </li></ul><ul><li>Unfair distribution of waste burden - dumping </li></ul>
  3. 3. Approaches to e-waste management: the EU ‘WEEE Directive’ <ul><li>The EU Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (‘WEEE’) </li></ul><ul><li>Key elements: </li></ul><ul><li>Free WEEE take-back schemes for consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce landfill WEEE with collection and recovery targets </li></ul><ul><li>WEEE to be collected separately from other wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate ‘eco-design’ – product design that reduces WEEE and increases its ease of recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Producer responsibility for end-of-life treatment of their own products </li></ul><ul><li>All with overall aim of reducing environmental impacts of e-waste! </li></ul>
  4. 4. How is the WEEE Directive working? <ul><li>Some Member States easily meeting current annual collection target (4kg inh/yr) </li></ul><ul><li>But, lots of room for improvement… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 33% treated according to requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection varies by product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No prioritisation of reuse </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Better e-waste management: WEEE Review <ul><li>EU has recognised shortcomings - a recasting process is taking place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote in plenary of European Parliament expected next month </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some key issues on the table </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scope and definitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative requirements – harmonisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection targets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing and improving recovery – targets and standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policing/ enforcement </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Who’s doing WEEE well? <ul><li>Collection and treatment performance - 2009 </li></ul>Adapted from Huismann 2010. From 4kg to 65%. Can WEEE do it?
  7. 7. How do they do it <ul><li>‘ High fliers’: Sweden and Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Existing ‘WEEE culture’ </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance by single collective system (Recupel in Belgium, El Kretsen in Sweden) </li></ul><ul><li>Broad collection network </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions in their laws for Individual Producer Responsibility (IPR) </li></ul>WEEE in Sweden and Belgium
  8. 8. WEEE in the UK <ul><li>‘ Medium flyer’: UK </li></ul><ul><li>No existing ‘WEEE culture’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– No transposition until 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compliance by clearing house system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Currently 35 producer compliance schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broad collection network </li></ul><ul><li>No provision for IPR </li></ul>
  9. 9. Implications/ Options for Macedonia? <ul><li>How e-waste is managed largely depends on the country context… </li></ul><ul><li>Existing “WEEE culture” / recycling mentality? </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of management/ compliance ? </li></ul><ul><li>Collection network – current infrastructure? </li></ul><ul><li>IPR – producer perceptions? </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, no definitive answer – this is where BEWMAN comes in… </li></ul>
  10. 10. Implications/ Options for Macedonia? <ul><li>So, there is a lot to do, but also lots of opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Chance for Macedonia be a regional leader in e-waste management </li></ul><ul><li>Readiness for EU membership </li></ul><ul><li>And most importantly, averting the environmental and health impacts of improper e-waste management </li></ul>
  11. 11. Many thanks <ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>

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