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Packaging
material
development –
lab to pilot
15.2.2022
Vinay Kumar, Aayush Jaiswal, Enni
Luoma, Adina Anghelescu-Hakala, Timo
Kaljunen, Teijo Rokkonen, Jussi Lahtinen,
Kirsi Kataja, Ali Harlin
Unsplash.c
Our target food product groups for new packaging
solutions
Typical requirements
Thickness
(µm)
70-100
Grammage
(g/m2)
70-100
WVTR
(g/m²/day)
(38°C, 90% RH)
<5
OTR
(cc/m2/day)
(23°C, 50% RH)
<2
Sealing
temperature
(°C)
(1 s, 5 bar)
110-140
Unsplash.c
Product
Oxygen barrier
Moisture barrier
Moisture barrier
Product
Oxygen barrier
Paper
Moisture barrier
Moisture barrier
Different paper grades
BioPBSA / PLA-X
BioPBSA / PLA-X
Confectionary products
Fibrillated cellulose
Packaging structures Materials Technologies
Dispersion coating
Casting film/coating
Extrusion coating/film
Transparent/translucent
film
For package window or lid
Coated paper
For main
package
structure
Development plan for the new packaging
solutions
All the selected materials are
Bio-based & Biodegradable
Lab studies
Production of multilayer structures in lab
BioPBSA
Paper
Fibrillated cellulose
BioPBSA
Paper
BioPBSA
Paper
Fibrillated cellulose
BioPBSA
Paper
Extrusion coating Dispersion coating Lamination by
pressing
PLA-X
Paper
Fibrillated cellulose
PLA-X
Paper
Fibrillated cellulose
PLA-X
Paper
Dispersion coating
Dispersion coating Dispersion coating
PLA-X
Extrusion
based
Dispersion
based
BioPBSA for moisture barrier Fibrillated Cellulose for oxygen barrier
PLA-X for moisture barrier Fibrillated Cellulose for oxygen barrier
Barrier characterization results
Fibrillated cellulose
BioPBSA
Paper
BioPBSA
Paper
Fibrillated cellulose
PLA-X
Paper
PLA-X
(all tests done at 23°C and 50% RH)
Extrusion
based
Dispersion
based
Piloting
Pilot lines for creating bio-based packaging
structures
SutCo: Modular pilot coating
line for aqueous coatings
PlasCo: Cast film and extrusion
coating pilot line
Pilot production of Extrusion based Structure (1)
Application of Fibril. Cellulose coating
BioPBSA film production BioPBSA extrusion coating
Fibril. Cellulose coating
BioPBSA coating
BioPBSA film 40-50 µm (40 gsm)
40-50 µm (40 gsm)
5-10 µm (8 gsm)
PlasCo pilot
PlasCo pilot
SutCo pilot
Pilot production of Extrusion based Structure (2)
Fibril. Cellulose coating
BioPBSA coating
BioPBSA coating 40-50 µm (40 gsm)
40-50 µm (40 gsm)
5-10 µm (8 gsm)
PlasCo pilot
PlasCo pilot
SutCo pilot
Paper 90 gsm
BASF Epotal
primer
2 gsm
Application of fibril. Cellulose coating on
Bio-PBSA coated paper
Application of BioPBSA extrusion coating
on top of fibrillated cellulose coating
Pilot production of Dispersion based Structure
PLAX dispersion coating Application of fibril. Cellulose coating PLAX dispersion coating on top
Fibril. Cellulose coating
PLA-X dispersion
PLA-X dispersion 15-20 µm (15 gsm)
15-20 µm (15 gsm)
8-10 µm (8 gsm)
SutCo pilot
SutCo pilot
SutCo pilot
Paper 90 gsm
Barrier characterization results
Dispersion structure
(all tests done at 23°C and 50% RH)
Extrusion structures
Fibril. Cellulose coating
BioPBSA coating
BioPBSA film
Fibril. Cellulose coating
BioPBSA coating
BioPBSA coating
Paper
Fibril. Cellulose coating
PLA-X coating
PLA-X coating
Paper
Basic technoeconomic of bio-based packaging structures
*Only material costs are considered in calculations
Packing and sealing of demo packages (Extrusion
Structure 2)
Sealing conditions: Temperature: 90°C, Pressure: 3.5 bar, Time: 2 s
Summary and conclusions
• We were able to demonstrate the upscaling of new bio-based and biodegradable packaging
material solutions from lab to pilot
– The pilot produced multilayer structures were converted to demo packages for chocolates and cookies
– Results of shelf-life tests from the demo packages (Case 1) are awaited
– We need to re-visit piloting of the dispersion structure (Case 2) due to poor oxygen barrier
• The upscaling of production from lab to pilot is not so straightforward with the new materials
– Material performance may be affected by the dynamic processing conditions of pilot
• It is indeed possible to work with the new materials on a larger scale
– Material and process optimization is required
• These novel materials can be cost competitive if their production is upscaled to larger quantities
– The cost of these packaging structures is not very far from the existing solutions
Thank You

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Packaging material development – from lab to pilot

  • 1. Packaging material development – lab to pilot 15.2.2022 Vinay Kumar, Aayush Jaiswal, Enni Luoma, Adina Anghelescu-Hakala, Timo Kaljunen, Teijo Rokkonen, Jussi Lahtinen, Kirsi Kataja, Ali Harlin
  • 2. Unsplash.c Our target food product groups for new packaging solutions Typical requirements Thickness (µm) 70-100 Grammage (g/m2) 70-100 WVTR (g/m²/day) (38°C, 90% RH) <5 OTR (cc/m2/day) (23°C, 50% RH) <2 Sealing temperature (°C) (1 s, 5 bar) 110-140 Unsplash.c
  • 3. Product Oxygen barrier Moisture barrier Moisture barrier Product Oxygen barrier Paper Moisture barrier Moisture barrier Different paper grades BioPBSA / PLA-X BioPBSA / PLA-X Confectionary products Fibrillated cellulose Packaging structures Materials Technologies Dispersion coating Casting film/coating Extrusion coating/film Transparent/translucent film For package window or lid Coated paper For main package structure Development plan for the new packaging solutions All the selected materials are Bio-based & Biodegradable
  • 5. Production of multilayer structures in lab BioPBSA Paper Fibrillated cellulose BioPBSA Paper BioPBSA Paper Fibrillated cellulose BioPBSA Paper Extrusion coating Dispersion coating Lamination by pressing PLA-X Paper Fibrillated cellulose PLA-X Paper Fibrillated cellulose PLA-X Paper Dispersion coating Dispersion coating Dispersion coating PLA-X Extrusion based Dispersion based BioPBSA for moisture barrier Fibrillated Cellulose for oxygen barrier PLA-X for moisture barrier Fibrillated Cellulose for oxygen barrier
  • 6. Barrier characterization results Fibrillated cellulose BioPBSA Paper BioPBSA Paper Fibrillated cellulose PLA-X Paper PLA-X (all tests done at 23°C and 50% RH) Extrusion based Dispersion based
  • 8. Pilot lines for creating bio-based packaging structures SutCo: Modular pilot coating line for aqueous coatings PlasCo: Cast film and extrusion coating pilot line
  • 9. Pilot production of Extrusion based Structure (1) Application of Fibril. Cellulose coating BioPBSA film production BioPBSA extrusion coating Fibril. Cellulose coating BioPBSA coating BioPBSA film 40-50 µm (40 gsm) 40-50 µm (40 gsm) 5-10 µm (8 gsm) PlasCo pilot PlasCo pilot SutCo pilot
  • 10. Pilot production of Extrusion based Structure (2) Fibril. Cellulose coating BioPBSA coating BioPBSA coating 40-50 µm (40 gsm) 40-50 µm (40 gsm) 5-10 µm (8 gsm) PlasCo pilot PlasCo pilot SutCo pilot Paper 90 gsm BASF Epotal primer 2 gsm Application of fibril. Cellulose coating on Bio-PBSA coated paper Application of BioPBSA extrusion coating on top of fibrillated cellulose coating
  • 11. Pilot production of Dispersion based Structure PLAX dispersion coating Application of fibril. Cellulose coating PLAX dispersion coating on top Fibril. Cellulose coating PLA-X dispersion PLA-X dispersion 15-20 µm (15 gsm) 15-20 µm (15 gsm) 8-10 µm (8 gsm) SutCo pilot SutCo pilot SutCo pilot Paper 90 gsm
  • 12. Barrier characterization results Dispersion structure (all tests done at 23°C and 50% RH) Extrusion structures Fibril. Cellulose coating BioPBSA coating BioPBSA film Fibril. Cellulose coating BioPBSA coating BioPBSA coating Paper Fibril. Cellulose coating PLA-X coating PLA-X coating Paper
  • 13. Basic technoeconomic of bio-based packaging structures *Only material costs are considered in calculations
  • 14. Packing and sealing of demo packages (Extrusion Structure 2) Sealing conditions: Temperature: 90°C, Pressure: 3.5 bar, Time: 2 s
  • 15. Summary and conclusions • We were able to demonstrate the upscaling of new bio-based and biodegradable packaging material solutions from lab to pilot – The pilot produced multilayer structures were converted to demo packages for chocolates and cookies – Results of shelf-life tests from the demo packages (Case 1) are awaited – We need to re-visit piloting of the dispersion structure (Case 2) due to poor oxygen barrier • The upscaling of production from lab to pilot is not so straightforward with the new materials – Material performance may be affected by the dynamic processing conditions of pilot • It is indeed possible to work with the new materials on a larger scale – Material and process optimization is required • These novel materials can be cost competitive if their production is upscaled to larger quantities – The cost of these packaging structures is not very far from the existing solutions