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Idea

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Idea- a lesson in Logic, it might help sharing this.

by Maam Altez-Abella

Published in: Education, Technology
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Idea

  1. 1. On ideas
  2. 2. Idea defined The intellectual image/representation of a thing. The mental expression of an essence, a product of simple apprehension, may be expressed in meaningful terms. Building blocks of knowledge
  3. 3. IDEOGENESIS: birth of an idea EXTERNAL INTERNAL SENSES SENSES ABSTRACTION IDEA• SIGHT (VISUAL) – • COMMON SENSE • PHYSICAL eye:light/color • MEMORY • MATHEMATICAL• SMELL • IMAGINATION (OLFACTORY) – • METAPHYSICAL • ESTIMATIVE nose: odor FACULTY• TASTE (GUSTATORY) – tongue: flavor• HEARING (AUDITORY) – ears: sound• TOUCH (TACTILE) – skin: texture, temperatur e, etc
  4. 4. Properties (functions) COMPREHENSION- The sum total of thought elements/conceptual features that comprise an idea.- Also known as CONNOTATION
  5. 5. Comprehension computer data electronic device gatheringComputer – electronic data gathering device
  6. 6. Extension computerMacbook Acer HP Pro Aspire Mininote
  7. 7. Properties (functions) LOGICAL RULE:- THERE IS A REVERSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COMPREHENSION AND EXTENSION - Greater Comprehension : Lesser Extension - Lesser Comprehension : Greater Extension
  8. 8. Properties (functions) COMPREHENSION EXTENSIONBeing Spirit, Mineral, Plant, Brute, ManCorporeal Being Mineral, Plant, Brute, ManVegetative, Corporeal Being Plant, Brute, ManSentient, Vegetative, Brute, ManCorporeal BeingSentient, Vegetative, ManCorporeal, Rational Being
  9. 9. Types: accdg. to ComprehensionSimple and Compound (STRUCTURE)SIMPLE – expresses a single conceptualfeature, applicable to all if not most BEING, EXISTENCECOMPOUND – expresses several conceptualelements/features MAN – rational animal COMPUTER – electronic processing device.
  10. 10. Types: accdg. to ComprehensionOne and Multiple (GENERAL VIEW)ONE – expresses one thing, nature orformal feature MAN, HOUSEMULTIPLE – expresses explicitly a thing asmodified by another thing. POOR MAN THREE STOREY HOUSE
  11. 11. Types: accdg. to ComprehensionConcrete and Abstract (SUBJECT)CONCRETE – with a subject metaphysical– reality (hunger) physical– physiological (itch)ABSTRACT – expresses only a nature or aformal feature without a subject. justice, religiosity
  12. 12. Types: accdg. to ComprehensionAbsolute and Relative (BY RELATIONTO ANOTHER COMPREHENSION)ABSOLUTE – exists in itself and for itself man, animal, mineralsRELATIVE – necessarily bears a relationto something else. substitute teacher, vice-president
  13. 13. Types: accdg. to Extension SINGULAR - applies to a single member of a class The President of the Republic of the Philippines Diamond – the hardest mineral
  14. 14. Types: accdg. to Extension UNIVERSAL - applies individually to all members of a class Car (all applicable to SUV, Sedan) Wine (all applicable to Merlot, Chardonnay, Shiraz)
  15. 15. Types: accdg. to Extension PARTICULAR - applies to some members of a class Half a dozen Quarter of a century Several ladies Few devotees
  16. 16. Types: accdg. to Extension COLLECTIVE - applies to a all members of a class counted as one. UST Philets Batch 1968 Thomasians Christendom
  17. 17. Types: accdg. to Extension TRANSCENDENTAL - applies to all members of all classes Being Truth
  18. 18. Types: accdg. to Relation IDENTICAL and EQUIVALENT (refer to same objects) Identical – same conceptual features 3 + 2 and 2 + 3 God = Absolute Being Equivalent – different conceptual features 5 X 1 and 4 + 1 Salt and NaCl
  19. 19. Types: accdg. to Relation PERTINENT and IMPERTINENT (refer to different but related objects) Pertinent – somehow related to each other Freedom and Responsibility Food and Drinks Impertinent – neither related nor opposed to each other Toothpaste and Rooster Love and Clearwater
  20. 20. Types: accdg. to Relation COMPATIBLE and INCOMPATIBLE Compatible – with features that may exist in a subject Beauty and Intelligence Faith and Reason Incompatible – with features that may not coexist in a subject Square and Circle (in one figure) Darkness and Light (in one space)
  21. 21. Types: accdg. to Relation TYPES OF INCOMPATIBLE CONCEPTS:  Contradictory – negation Black – Non-black Open – Non-opened  Contrary – opposition Black – White (extreme opposites) Open - Closed  Privative – absence Sight – Blindness (absence of sight)  Correlative – complementariness Man - Woman
  22. 22. Types: accdg. to Relation Rule for Contradictory ideas: If one is TRUE, the other is FALSE and vice-versa. The shirt is black. (True) The shirt is non-black. (False)
  23. 23. Types: accdg. to RelationRule for Contrary ideas: If one is TRUE, the other is FALSE but not vice-versa. (If one is FALSE, the other is DOUBTFUL) The shirt is black. (True) The shirt is non-black. (False) The shirt is black. (False) The shirt is white. (Doubtful, it could be red)
  24. 24. D NE

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