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English roots and their meanings for better word power


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English roots and their meanings for better word power

  1. 1. ENGLISH ROOTS AND THEIR MEANINGS FOR BETTER WORD POWER by : DR. T.K. JAIN AFTERSCHO ☺ OL centre for social entrepreneurship sivakamu veterinary hospital road bikaner 334001 rajasthan, india FOR – PGPSE PARTICIPANTS mobile : 91+9414430763
  2. 2. My words... Build your competency in different sectors like language, analytical ability, etc. You cant develop these skills in a day or two – just continue your effort persistently, one day you will become proficient in this. Constant practice is required for this. Go with positive spirit. Please pass this presentation to all those who might need it. Let us spread knowledge as widely as possible. I welcome your suggestions. I also request you to help me in spreading social entrepreneurship across the globe – for which I need support of you people – not of any VIP. With your help, I can spread the ideas – for which we stand....
  3. 3. WHAT ARE ROOTS? If you remember roots, you can understand meaning of any word originating from that root. For exmple take Eu = good Eulogise = good talk / praise we can guess the meaning of eulogise because we know the meaning of Eu, which is a common root.
  4. 4. Fort Fort = chance, for example : Fortuitous-accidental, occuring by chance fortunate-lucky
  5. 5. Gam = marriage Poly gam y-having many wives or husbands at the same time monogamy,bigamy Mono = 1 bi = 2 monogamy = one marriage, bigamy = two marriages
  6. 6. gen=group or class Genus-group of animals or plants with similar traits generic-characteristic of a class gender-class organized by sex
  7. 7. Greg = group /herd / living together gregarious-tending to group together as in a herd aggregate-group,total egregious-conspicuously bad;shocking e = extreme / bad, thus egregious = very bad
  8. 8. Helio = Sun Heliotrope-flower that faces the sun graph = to write / an instrument to write, so heliograph-instrument that uses the sun’s rays to send signals
  9. 9. Jec = to throw Pro = forward and Jec=to throw, so Projectile-missile;something thrown forward trajectory-path taken by thrown object ejaculatory-casting or throwing out
  10. 10. Lec / leg = to select / to read Select Election-choice legible-able to be read eligible-able to be selected
  11. 11. Logy=study Ento = insect Entomology-study of insects eymo = origin of words etymology-study of word parts and derivations momologue-speech by one person
  12. 12. Mega = big, grand Mania = false self belief, a tendency to do something unreasonably Megalomania-delusions of grandeur megaton-explosive force of a million tons of TNT
  13. 13. Hyper = excess, more, Inflation = increase in prices so hypterinflation = very high price rise Hyperbole-exaggeration hyper ventilate-breathes at an excessive rate
  14. 14. circum=around Navigate = to sail Circumnavigate-sail around spect = to see, so circumspect-cautious(looking around) scribe = to write, so circumscribe-limit
  15. 15. Demi = half Demigod-partly divine being
  16. 16. Ab = away Duct = to take, so Abduct-lead away jure = to take decision, so abjure-renounce
  17. 17. Ambu = to walk Somna = to sleep, somnambulism = to walk in sleep Ambulatory-able to walk,after being bedridden amble-walk aimlessly
  18. 18. Dict=to speak, to say Dictatorial-words that signify telling others what to do dictaphone-sound contradict-to say against addiction-a saying towards
  19. 19. Taci=silent Taciturnity-speaking less tacit-unspoken,unsaid
  20. 20. Voc = to speak Equi = equal, Equivocate-you seem to be saying both yes and no with equal voice
  21. 21. Nox = night Equi = equal, Equinox-when day and night are of equal length,occures twice a year:about march 21 and again about sep 21st nocturnal-describes people,animals(or)plants that are active (or)flourish at night rather than during daylight hours
  22. 22. anim=mind Equanimity-equal mind equability-a person of equable temperment is characteristically calm,serene,unflappable,even tempered
  23. 23. Iferous= producing / bearing pest=harmful insects etc. Pestiferous-carrying desease voc=voice, vociferous-bearing a loud voice
  24. 24. anthrop=mankind Logy = study, so Anthropology-the study of the development of the human race Phila=love, so philanthropist-one who loves mankind and shows such love by making substantial financial contributions to charitable organizations (or)by donating time and energy to helping those in need
  25. 25. Bene=good Benign,benignant-kindly,good-natured,not harmful dict = to speak, so benediction-blessing Fact=to do, so, benefactor-one who does good things for another, as by giving help,providing financial gifts(or)aid,(or)coming to the rescue when someone is in need vole=to desire, so, Benevolent-Wish them well
  26. 26. Fide = trust, faith Bonafide-good faith,hence valid,without pretence,deception, (or)fraudulent intent fidelity-faithfullness infidel-one who does not have the right faith(or)religion, especially to the marriage vows
  27. 27. chrono=time ana=out of , chrono=Time, so Anachronism-is someone (or)something out of time,out of date, belonging to a different era,either earlier(or)later
  28. 28. astro=star nomy=order, logy=study Astronomer-is interested in the arrangement of stars and other celestical bodies astrology-which assesses the influence of planets and stars on human events
  29. 29. Pod / pus = leg Oct = eight, pus = leg, so Octopus-the eight armed sea creature podium-speaker’s platform
  30. 30. metr=measurement Opto/ opthalma = to see, so Optometrist-measures vision therm=temperatue, so thermometer-an instrument to measure heat
  31. 31. Den / don = teeth Endo = inside, so : Endodontist-specializes in work on the pulp of the tooth and in root-canal therapy
  32. 32. Card = heart Cardiologist-science regarding heart cardiac-condition refers to some malfunctioning of the heartbeat
  33. 33. derma=skin hypo=beneath, so Hypodermic-needla penetrates under the skin titis = disease, so dermatitis-general name for any skin inflammation,irritation, or infection
  34. 34. vert=turn intro=inside, so Introvert= thoughts are constantly turned inwards extro=outside, so , extrovert-outwards
  35. 35. escent=belonging to evan=for a moment, so Evanescent-tending to vanish pubescent-arriving at puberty
  36. 36. libra=balance Equi =equal, so Equilibrium-the forcr of gravity is stronger than your ability to stay upright equilibrist-a performer successfully defining the law of gravity by balancing on a thin overhead wire
  37. 37. par=equal com=together, so compare = to find whether two things are equal or not, Parity payments-refer to payments that shows an equality to earnings for some agreed-upon year disparate-indicates inequality
  38. 38. omni=all Science = knowledge, so Omniscient-all knowing
  39. 39. Arch = first Archetype-original archibishop-chief bishop
  40. 40. ambi=both sides Ambiguous,ambivalent-having two conflicting emotions
  41. 41. dia=across Diagonal-across a figure diameter-distance across a circl
  42. 42. dext=efficient Ambi-dextrous = a person who efficient from both his hands (can use both the hands proficiently).
  43. 43. Ante = before Antecedent-preceding event antediluvian
  44. 44. cata=down Catastrophe-disaster cataract-waterfall catapult-hurl(throw down)
  45. 45. leg=law Legislature-law-making body legitimate,legal-lawful
  46. 46. Labor = to work Laboratory-place where work is done collaborate-work together with others laborious-difficult
  47. 47. Fus = to pour Effusive-gushing,pouring out diffuse-wide spread(poured in many directions)
  48. 48. Frag = to break Fragile-easily broken infraction-breaking of a rule fractious-unruly,tendind to break rules
  49. 49. Fin = limit Confine-keep within limits finite-having definite limits
  50. 50. Fug = to run Fugitive-someone who flees refuge-shelter,home for someone fleeing
  51. 51. Ego = I Egoist-person who is self-centered egotist-a person who talks about only himself egocentric-revolving about self alter=others, so alterego = one's other self.
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