Types of Reading

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Types of Reading

  1. 1. TYPES OF READING
  2. 2. Vocabulary Enrichment <ul><li>Books are valuable to good readers; conversely, they are anathema to poor readers. (cheap, likeable, not likeable, costly) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary Enrichment <ul><li>2. The avid fans excitedly screamed and clapped upon seeing the movie idol. (ill-mannered, bad-tempered, extra-eager, violent) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary Enrichment <ul><li>In color, the orange pants are analogous to the red shirt; the sky to the sea. (contradictory, similar, acceptable, suitable) </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t preoccupy your mind with negative thoughts. (fill, always supply, uplift, always empty) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vocabulary Enrichment <ul><li>5. Based on your scoreboard, Benjie is lagging behind Roger, but many are hoping that in a minute, he will surpass or exceed Roger’s score. (scoring, hiding, writing speedily, going slowly) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Vocabulary Enrichment <ul><li>Your frowning face manifests your impatience. (shows, hides, overcomes, symbolizes) </li></ul><ul><li>One indicates little reading improvement; ten shows optimum reading progress. (continuous, complete, the best, the least) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Vocabulary Enrichment <ul><li>8. Composed of only one tribe, the group members have many similarities; of many tribes, a number of diversified traits. (unusual, confusing, unique, varying) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Vocabulary Enrichment <ul><li>Ode, elegy, sonnet, haiku, novel, biography, ballad, history, etc. are literary genre . (models, types, records, evidence) </li></ul><ul><li>Embodied in the introduction is the purpose. (illustrated, strengthened, included, excluded) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>READING TYPES </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>A. READING ACCORDING TO PURPOSE </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reading According to Purpose <ul><li>1. Skimming </li></ul><ul><li>General understanding of the whole text </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest type of reading based on purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Also called rapid-survey reading </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reading According to Purpose <ul><li>2. Scanning </li></ul><ul><li>Look for specific information in the text </li></ul><ul><li>It makes you “skip more than you read.” </li></ul><ul><li>Also called search reading </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reading According to Purpose <ul><li>3. Intensive/Functional Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Also called word-for-word type of reading </li></ul><ul><li>Requires one to read materials related to his/her field of specialization </li></ul><ul><li>The object of intensive reading demands a great deal of content-area reading. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Reading According to Purpose <ul><li>4. Extensive/Recreational Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Also called light-type of reading </li></ul><ul><li>Reading for leisure </li></ul><ul><li>You love what you read. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Reading According to Purpose <ul><li>5. Literature Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Not mainly for pleasure… but </li></ul><ul><li>Intends to familiarize readers with different genres of literature pieces: novels, short stories, biographies, dramas, epics, etc… </li></ul>
  16. 16. Reading According to Purpose <ul><li>6. Detailed Study Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Requires serious reading and proper note taking </li></ul><ul><li>Uses the method of reading called SQ3R (Survey, Question, Reading, Recall, Review) </li></ul><ul><li>This reading works well in research projects and academic study. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>B. ACCORDING TO READING PERFORMANCE / RATE OF UNDERSTANDING </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>1. Speed Reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading Performance… <ul><li>Information tends to stay superficially in one’s mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Not a good method if your objective is to gain a deeper understanding of the text </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>2. Subvocalized Reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading Performance… <ul><li>One recognizes the form of the word and internally sounds it in the mind the way one pronounces it as a spoken word. </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses primarily on the form, stress, intonation, phrasing of the language </li></ul><ul><li>This prevents one from quick reading and comprehension of the text. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>3. Proofreading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading Performance… <ul><li>To see typographical errors </li></ul><ul><li>Proofreading vs. editing </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>4. SPE (Structure Proposition Evaluation) </li></ul>Reading According to Reading Performance… <ul><li>Three stages </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizing language structures </li></ul><ul><li>Making inferences </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of ideas, reasons, or conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Judgment is withheld until the text is fully understood. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>5. MI (Multiple Intelligences) </li></ul>Reading According to Reading Performance… <ul><li>Enhances not only analytical intelligence but practical intelligence as well </li></ul><ul><li>Musical intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Intrapersonal intelligence </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>C. ACCORDING TO READING-INSTRUCTION PROGRAM </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>1. Read aloud </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>Many teachers use this in instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will learn good expressions, proper pacing, and correct pronunciation. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>2. Shared reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>Both the teacher and student take turns in reading portions of the text. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>3. Guided reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>Reader is left alone to do silent reading. </li></ul><ul><li>But the reader is motivated by the teacher by various strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>using contextual clues, examining illustrations, activating schemata </li></ul><ul><li>Reader is not totally left alone. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>4. Fluency reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>Main objective: To gain mastery of the pronunciation, phrasing, pausing, intonation, or stress of the text </li></ul><ul><li>Text is read several times. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Choral reading, taped reading, timed reading </li></ul><ul><li>Progress: measured by the number of words one can read aloud and comprehensions Qs answered correctly </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>5. Independent reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>One chooses the material s/he wants to read. </li></ul><ul><li>Still, the teacher helps you become an independent reader by surrounding your with interesting reading materials. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>6. Developmental reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>Aims to refine one’s reading comprehension skills by letting reader experience different reading stages: </li></ul><ul><li>Reading readiness in the nursery and kindergarten level </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning reading in Grades 1 and 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid growth in Grades 3 and 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Refining and widening reading in the intermediate, HS, college level, and beyond the tertiary level </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>7. Selective or key-word reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>Characterized by skimming and scanning </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly focuses on a specific or principal portion of the text to have a general view or holistic understanding of the reading material </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>8. Remedial Reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>If a reader lags behind with regard to his vocabulary knowledge, reading comprehension abilities, and reading attitudes, he must submit himself to a reading program that gives special reading sessions under the guidance of a reading specialist. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>9. Strategic Reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>Regarded by some as the latest type of reading </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking aloud about what you reading or thinking of </li></ul><ul><li>You read with your eyes, but you also verbalize what you think about the text, thus, letting your mind focus on the correct responses to the questions about the passage. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>9. Strategic Reading </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program <ul><li>Also called as meta-cognitive, meta-thinking, meta-reading, or meta-comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Requires a reader to be alert, awake, and active </li></ul><ul><li>A reader uses or practices HOTS (higher-order thinking skills) </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Reading types according to PISA (Program for Int’l Student Assessment) </li></ul><ul><li>In determining the students’ reading literacy, the reading situations into which readers are immersed are considered. </li></ul><ul><li>Grouping of students’ reading materials based on the author’s purpose in writing the text, the composition of the written materials, and the readers’ connection with the text. </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program
  35. 35. <ul><li>Reading types according to PISA </li></ul><ul><li>Reading for private use </li></ul><ul><li>Personal reasons (primary) </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual and social effects (secondary) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading materials deal with people’s lives, fictitious happenings, and expository texts for learning purposes. </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program
  36. 36. <ul><li>Reading types according to PISA </li></ul>2. Reading for public use For social consciousness, a person reads to update himself with current social events and to know his chance/s of active involvement into these happenings. Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program
  37. 37. <ul><li>Reading types according to PISA </li></ul>3. Reading for work Work-related materials for a better job performance “ Reading to do” (Stich, 1975; Stiggins, 1992) Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program
  38. 38. <ul><li>Reading types according to PISA </li></ul><ul><li>Reading for education </li></ul><ul><li>“ Reading to learn” (Stich, 1975; Stiggins, 1992) to obtain knowledge for any learning task </li></ul><ul><li>Instructive in nature </li></ul>Reading According to Reading-Instruction Program
  39. 39. <ul><li>THANK YOU. </li></ul>

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