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FireSmart
 Wildfire is a threat to our communities and
neighbourhoods
 This threat cannot be solved by firefighters or m...
FireSmart
 Wildland Urban Interface - Structures in locations where
conditions result in the potential for their ignition...
FireSmart Structures
 Use construction
materials that are fire-
resistant or non-
combustible whenever
possible
 Conside...
FireSmart Structures
 Keep your gutters, eaves
and roof clear of leaves
and other debris
 Any structure attached to
the ...
FireSmart Structures
 Use non-flammable metal
when constructing a trellis
and cover with high-
moisture, fire-resistant
v...
FireSmarting
6
FireSmart Priority Zones
 To create a landscape that
will make your home less
vulnerable to wildfire, the
primary goal is...
FireSmart Zone 1: 0 m - 10 m
 This well-irrigated area
encircles the structure by
at least 30 feet on all
sides, providin...
FireSmart Zone 2: 10 m – 30 m
 Fire resistant plant
materials should be
used here
 Plants should be low-
growing, and th...
FireSmart Zone 3: 30 m – 60 m
 Place low-growing plants
and well spaced trees in
this area, remembering to
keep the volum...
FireSmart Zone 4: Beyond 60 m
 This furthest zone from
the structure is a natural
area
 Thin selectively here and
remove...
Other Suggestions
 Ensure address or lot number is clearly visible for quick
identification by emergency vehicles
 Ensur...
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FireSmart Presentation

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This presentation will help you be prepared before the fire, and help reduce the risks to you and your home.

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FireSmart Presentation

  1. 1. FireSmart  Wildfire is a threat to our communities and neighbourhoods  This threat cannot be solved by firefighters or more equipment  Solving the problem depends on what happens BEFORE the fire, in our own BACKYARDS!  www.firesmartcanada.ca 1
  2. 2. FireSmart  Wildland Urban Interface - Structures in locations where conditions result in the potential for their ignition from flames and firebrands of a wildland fire  No fire suppression system in the world can stop losses from large conflagrations  85 to 90% of homes without flammable roofs and 10 metres of clearance will survive a major wildfire  More than 50% of homes destroyed by wildfires are ignited by embers  Reduce fire intensity as influenced by the surrounding vegetation  Reduce ignitability of the structure 2
  3. 3. FireSmart Structures  Use construction materials that are fire- resistant or non- combustible whenever possible  Consider using materials such as Class-A asphalt shingles, slate or clay tile, metal, or cement and concrete products for roof construction 3
  4. 4. FireSmart Structures  Keep your gutters, eaves and roof clear of leaves and other debris  Any structure attached to the house, such as decks, porches, fences and sheds should be considered part of the house  Use masonry or metal as a protective barrier / fence 4
  5. 5. FireSmart Structures  Use non-flammable metal when constructing a trellis and cover with high- moisture, fire-resistant vegetation  Prevent combustible materials and debris from accumulating beneath patio deck or elevated porches; screen underneath or box in areas below the deck or porch with wire mesh no larger than 1/8 of an inch 5
  6. 6. FireSmarting 6
  7. 7. FireSmart Priority Zones  To create a landscape that will make your home less vulnerable to wildfire, the primary goal is fuel reduction  Think of the area around your home in 4 zones  Zone 1 is closest to the structure, Zone 4 is the farthest away 7
  8. 8. FireSmart Zone 1: 0 m - 10 m  This well-irrigated area encircles the structure by at least 30 feet on all sides, providing space for fire suppression equipment in the event of an emergency  Plants should be limited to carefully spaced fire resistant tree and shrub species  Grass should be mowed  Contact BC Hydro if trees are impacting power lines 8
  9. 9. FireSmart Zone 2: 10 m – 30 m  Fire resistant plant materials should be used here  Plants should be low- growing, and the irrigation system should extend into this section  Firewood can be stacked in this Zone 9
  10. 10. FireSmart Zone 3: 30 m – 60 m  Place low-growing plants and well spaced trees in this area, remembering to keep the volume of vegetation (fuel) low 10
  11. 11. FireSmart Zone 4: Beyond 60 m  This furthest zone from the structure is a natural area  Thin selectively here and remove highly flammable vegetation 11
  12. 12. Other Suggestions  Ensure address or lot number is clearly visible for quick identification by emergency vehicles  Ensure that access to the house is wide enough for emergency vehicles  Have an emergency water supply such as a pond  Ensure your chimney is installed to code, has a spark arrester screen and is kept clean  Locate propane tanks at least 10m from building  Have shovels, rakes, axes, garden hoses, sprinklers and roof ladders immediately available  Consider a Sprinkler Protection Unit  Have a family emergency fire and evacuation plan 12

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