Fire Fighting Training Manual 2003


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Fire Fighting Training Manual 2003

  1. 1. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 1 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : HOW DOES THE FIRE OCCUR? 1. Fires are accidental or caused by carelessness. 2. Fires are caused by electrical short circuits. 3. Fires are caused due to carelessness viz. Throwing away lighted cigarette buds, burning match stick, fire crackers etc HOW CAN BE FIRE PREVENTED? Fires can be prevented by good Housekeeping, through orderliness and elimination of hazards. HOW ARE FIRES CLASSIFIED? The fire is classified in : Class A – Fires which are caused by dry wood, textiles, paper, dry garbage etc. For these fires water is used to control the fire. Class B – Fires which are caused by inflammable liquids such as oils or grease. For these fires a blanketing effect is used of a special foam. Class C – Fires which are caused by Gasses such as LPG, acetylene etc. For these fires a blanketing method are used to control the fire. Class D – Fires, which are caused by reactive metals such as magnesium, sodium, potassium etc. Class E – Fires which are caused by short circuits electrical equipment’s such as motors, generators, radios, TV sets, junction points etc.
  2. 2. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 2 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : FIRE PREVENTION SAFETY The Golden Triangle of Fire Fighting Temperature Oxygen (Smothering) Fuel / Burning Material (Starvation) Classification of Fires and Uses of Extinguishers Type Classificati Burning Substance Principles Equipment that on of should be used Extinction Ordinary Class ‘A‘ Paper, wood, cloth, Cooling / Water, fire fire coal Quenching blanket and water / CO2 fire extinguisher Oil fire Class ‘B’ Cooking oil, petrol, Blanketing Foam, dry paint kerosene oil, / chemical powder, diesel oil Smothering CO2 fire extinguisher Gas fire Class ‘C’ Gaseous fires such as Blanketing Dry Chemical LPG, acetylene powder, CO2 fire LPG, extinguisher acetylene water spray for cooling the burning cylinders acetylene. Metal fire Class ‘D’ Reactive metals such Blanketing Pyromet powder as magnesium, sodium fire extinguisher potassium Electrical Class ‘E’ Electrical equipment Non- CO2 gas or dry fire such as motors, conducting chemical powder generators, radios TV medium of fire extinguisher sets, junction points fire etc extinction
  3. 3. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 3 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : CAN FIRE BE PREVENTED? IF YES ? WHAT PRECAUTIONS NEEDS TO BE TAKEN ? 1. Cigarette butts are not thrown in the garbage bags in the R. A. trolley. 2. Garbage is stored out, before throwing it out, so that any accidental simmering cigarettes can be spotted. 3. Garbage should not get collected in the service area daily disposal is essential. 4. Electrical irons hotplates or any other electrical gadgets connected and kept “on” are unplugged by room attendant when servicing the room. 5. Loose and frayed wires are reported to the Engineering Department immediately. 6. Observe the ‘No Smoking” signs and caution staff members about the same. 7. Ensure that fire equipment is approachable and not blocked by any pieces of furniture. 8. The fire exit sign is always kept lit.. 9. The fire exit plan is fixed behind the main door of every guestroom indicating the location of the room and the escape staircase.
  4. 4. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 4 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : 1. HOW TO OPERATE FIRE HYDRANT SYSTEM?  Locate the nearest fire hydrant hose station.  Locate the keys placed beside the fire hydrant box.  Open the hose box.  Remove the hose pipe along with the nozzle kept in the box.  Fit the hose reel to the fire hydrant adopter.  Roll the hose to the location of fire.  Fit the nozzle to the other end of the fire hose by inserting the nozzle to the adopter by pulling the side locks and insert the nozzle.  Ensure the nozzle has been fitted properly.  Hold the fire hydrant nozzle end in grip of your arm and the left hand to straight along with the nozzle.  Stand firm and erect taking support to the ground firmly with putting your left leg ahead to the right leg and take position pointing nozzle towards the fire.  Direct your buddy to slowly release the hydrant valve for water pressure.  Spray the water towards the fire to cease the fire. 2. PRECAUTIONS IN OPERATING THE FIRE HYDRANT HOSE:  Do not stand in easy posture while operating the fire hose.  Do not release fire hose loose from your grip while under operation as the same could cause damage to self and others.  Do not go very close to the fire, operate from the safe distance.  In event of falling short of hose reel distance to the fire location, please attach the extension hose reel similarly by inserting the extension adopter.
  5. 5. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 5 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : HOW TO OPERATE EXTINGUISHERS? Water CO2 (Class A fire) 1. Keep the extinguisher upright and remove the safety key. 2. Strike the knob. 3. Direct jet to the seat of fire. CARBON DIOXIDE (Class B Fire) 1. Keep extinguisher upright and hold in hand firmly. 2. Remove the safety pin and turn the wheel anticlockwise. 3. Direct discharge at the base of flames. DRY CHEMICAL POWDER (DCP) (Class B & C fire) 1. Keep the extinguisher upright and remove the safety clip. 2. Hold nozzle in hand and strike the knob. 3. Direct discharge at the base of the flames. MECHANICAL FOAM 1. Keep the extinguisher upright 2. Remove the safety clip and strike the knob. 3. Direct the foam jet to fall gently on the burning surface. ABC EXTINGUISHERS 1. Pull safety pin.
  6. 6. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 6 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : 2. Press lever down wards 3. Direct jet to base of fire. ACQUAINTANCE OF LOCATION OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS Annexure 'A' Annexure ‘A’ FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEMS (Fire Hydrants) The following fire fighting systems have been provided at The Leea, Goa, covering various hazards. Fire hydrant system Covering internal and external area of main building. Medium velocity water For HSD and LOD tanks Spray system High velocity water For H.T. Transformers Spray system Carbon -DL-Oxide flooding for generator room, L.T. Panel. H.T. Panel, System Computer Room and Telephone Exchange. Sprinkle system For laundry area, Dry provision store and Kitchen hoods.
  7. 7. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 7 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : 3. FIRE HYDRANT SYSTEM: The fire Hydrant System has been provided to cover the main building along with its adjoining areas like car parking etc. 4. LOCATION OF FIRE HYDRANT HOSE. a) Near Staff Gate 02 Nos. b) Near Gas bank 01 No. c) Near SPA 01 No. d) Near the Beauty Parlour 01 No. e) Near the stair case at The Café 01 No. f) Outside Aparanta 01 No. g) Near the car parking area 01 No. h) Stair case leading to GM’s Office 01 No. i) Next to Cafeteria staircase 01 No. j) stair case leading to Accounts Dept. 01 No. k) Main kitchen near the elevator 01 No. l) General Stores 01No. m) Staircase near the Engg. (TV Room) 01 No.
  8. 8. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 8 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : 5. WHEN TO OPERATE FIRE HYDRANT SYSTEMS? Whenever you notice major fire in the main building premises, and upon evaluation of fire if felt that the fire will not be able to cease with fire extinguishers, ideally fire hydrant systems need to be operated to cease the fire. IN CASE YOU SEE FIRE, OR IN CASE YOU NOTICE FIRE AT WORK PLACE, WHAT WILL YOU DO ? IN CASE YOU NOTICE FIRE, PLEASE DO THIS: DO’S  Call the operator immediately by dialling the number 888.  Give exact location and extent of fire.  Give your name and department. IN CASE YOU NOTICE FIRE, PLEASE DO NOT DO THIS: DON’TS  Do not panic , be calm  Do not use service elevators
  9. 9. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 9 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : YOUR DUTIES AS A FIRE FIGHTING TEAM MEMBER: On receipt of information on fire, the Fire Fighting Team:  Will help in fire fighting.  Will extinguish small fires if safe to do so, otherwise aid in guest and employee evacuation.  Keep the area cleared off.  Supply the telephone operator with more detailed information as to the status of the situation. DUTIES OF THE ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT STAFF:  Control room operator will switch off all required AHU’s and Exhaust fans on receipt of call from the telephone operator.
  10. 10. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 10 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED :  Control desk men will stay in the control room and take care of all the telephone calls and electrical change over (if required).  Shift in charge will proceed towards the pump house and ensure that the fire pump operates and that the continuos supply of water is available for fire fighting.  If the fire is reported from close to any kitchen, the shift in charge, shall switch off all the equipment’s and power connections as per the Kitchen / Stewarding check list enclosed. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FIRE FIGHTING TEAM: 1. On hearing the fire alarm, rush to the command centre and identify yourself. 2. Enter your name on the attendance sheet. 3. The first four members shall rush to the car park area collecting the keys, walkie talkies, master keys, for the living room and bedroom from the command centre. (where extinguishers and buggies are available for fire fighting). 4. Load the buggies with fire extinguishers, fire blankets, torches and other implements necessary for fire fighting and proceed to the fire location. 5. Commence fire fighting – (Procedure annexed). 6. Chief Engineer or Chief of Security on assessment of fire will intimate to the command centre to call for fire engine if felt necessary, close all the gates of the property.
  11. 11. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 11 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : 7. In case fire engine is called, the main gate security personnel should remain present at the main gate with the key for opening the gate and direct the fire engine to the fire location. 8. The main gate security shall ensure that the main gate road is free from any hurdles for free movement of the fire engine. 9. In case of emergency fire fighting, the main gate, the staff gate security personnel shall remain on their post and shall not leave the post at any event. 10.Once the fire is ceased, return back to the command position and report. IMPORTANT: A general fire alarm / s shall be activated ONLY on following: 1) If the fire alarm is activated or call lands at 888 at the Operator. 2) Operator to activate the fire alarm on receipt of instructions from the command centre incharge. DUTIES OF THE OPERATOR. On receipt of any call informing fire or receiving call on 888, immediately to follow the following instructions: 1) Record the details carefully of the fire location, extent of fire and person informing the fire. 2) Inform the following persons: a) Duty Manager b) Security In Charge c) Engineering In Charge d) General Manager
  12. 12. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 12 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : e) Chief Engineer f) Security Chief g) Resident Manager h) Front Office Manager i) Executive Housekeeper After informing the above, the personnel’s at Haveli and Hermitage to be intimated. 3) The internal lines are to be kept as clear as possible to ensure capacity for essential communication. 4) Incoming calls are to be vetted and the caller advised that a state of emergency exists and that the call should be repeated later when it is likely that the emergency has passed. Callers inquiring about the emergency should be advised briefly what has happened and steps taken so far, e.g. fire reported and evacuation in progress. 5) The switchboard is to be staffed as long as possible until evacuation is complete or the approach of fire makes evacuation essential. The Command centre in charge will advise you of this. CARBON-DI-OXIDE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM: The manually operated carbon-di-oxide fire extinguishing has been provided for the following areas: 1. Computer Room 2. L.T. Panel 3. Generator Room 4. H.T. Panel Room 5. Telephone Exchange SYSTEM DETAILS: The carbon-di-oxide is used for fire extinguishing where other medium like water, foam etc are not suitable due to the type of equipment installed in these areas.
  13. 13. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 13 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : The carbon-di-oxide extinguishing system comprises of carbon-di-oxide cylinder of 45 kgs capacity fitted with pneumatic release valve, a pilot cylinder of 3.2 kg capacity, carbon-di-oxide release panel, seamless piping fitted with carbon-di- oxide discharge nozzles. In the event of fire, in any of the above areas when it is confirmed that the fire cannot be extinguished using portable fire extinguishers and carbon-di-oxide has to be released to extinguish the fire in that particular compartment or area. THE FOLLOWING PRECAUTION SHALL BE OBSERVED BEFORE RELEASE OF CARBON-DI-OXIDE GAS.  Ensure that no "PERSON" is inside that compartment or area.  Ensure all forced ventilation is shut and as far as possible all doors and windows are closed.  Power supply to that particular area is switched off. The carbon-di-oxide gas to the D.G generator room can be released by just opening the manual valve on top of the top of the 45 kg carbon-di-oxide cylinder located just outside the D.G room. As soon as the carbon-di-oxide release valve is opened, the gas will be released through the carbon-di-oxide discharge nozzles located at various locations inside the D.G. Room. In case of other areas, the carbon-di-oxide gas can be released by operating carbon-di-oxide release panel provided for that particular area. The carbon-di- oxide release panel which works on 220 A.C and stand-bye battery supply, sends an electrical signal to the solenoid valve installed on discharge hose of pilot cylinder. As soon as solenoid valves open it allows the gas from pilot cylinder to operate the pneumatic valves location on carbon-di-oxide cylinders. As soon as the pneumatic valve opens, the carbon-di-oxide gas is released from the cylinder into the pipelines and is discharged through the carbon-di-oxide release nozzles. The carbon-di-oxide release nozzles allocated on the ceiling so that carbon-di- oxide gas will travel from top towards floor and extinguish the fire by displacing
  14. 14. EFFECTIVE : September 2003 REPLACES : NONE PAGE : 14 of 14 SUBJECT : FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING APPROVED : the oxygen or what is called the "blanket effect". carbon-di-oxide being a heavier gas than air, settles all over the surface areas. The following are the major advantages of using carbon-di-oxide gas for extinguishing fires. 1. The carbon-di-oxide being inert gas does not react thus can be accepted as universal extinguishing medium. Hence, it can be used for any type and class of fire . 2. After the extinguishing process is over, the carbon-di-oxide gas does not leave any residue. Hence, much cleaning will not be necessary. 3. Carbon-di-oxide gas availability and its cost. PRECAUTION TO BE TAKEN AFTER THE RELEASE OF CARBON-DI-OXIDE GAS: 1. Before opening the compartment where carbon-di-oxide gas been released, ensure that fire has been completely extinguished 2. Do not allow any person to enter the compartment until it is ensured that the compartment is well ventilated and oxygen content is sufficient for breathing. 3. Ensure to refill the empty carbon-di-oxide cylinder before fixing it back in the system