Use combustible materials in the building.
Negligence in the use of electrical
appliances and damaged hardware
Imperfect electrical wiring
Negligence on the use of mosquito coils,
gas stove and fuel flammable.
The surface of
BASIC PRINCIPLE OF FIRE FIGHTING TECHNIQUE
EXCLUDE THE OXYGEN
REDUCE THE HEAT
PASSIVE FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM
Definition - structural elements of the building
that is capable of performing his duties
without assistance / require assistance to
curb / restrict the spread of smoke into the
building during a fire.
Types of Passive System :
1- Emergency exit
3- Construction material
1- ESCAPE ROUTE
Permanent structures that allow occupants to
escape / fire escape to safety on their own
without any help.
It is important to provide openings so that
smoke is displaced from the escape routes to
the outside air.
LOW RISE BUILDING
Final Exit / Assembly Point
1- ESCAPE ROUTE (HIGH RISE BUILDING)
The division / separation wall and floor in a
building, including roof box for multistoried
buildings / terrace.
2 methods : Vertical & Horizontal
a- to contain, control, reduce, restrict and delay
fire spreading, smoke and heat during a fire.
b- embankment to firefighters against fire
c- protection to building occupants during
d- separate the high risk area
2- COMPARTMENTATION (TYPES)
FIRE RATED DOOR
Discuss the types of compartmentation that been
used for building by providing this matters :
3- Construction ( sketches is needed)
Duration : 45 minutes
3- CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL
WOOD - has a low thermal conductivity and
fire delay depends on the type of wood
BRICK – low thermal conductivity ; almost
reach the level of fire proof
CONCRETE - expanding at a rapid rate
between 400-500 º C ; it will collapse during
when comes to water
STONE – good thermal insulation
GLASS - are more resistant to fire if installed
BUILDING BOARD -fire resistance force
depends on the thickness & installation.