Fire Hazard & Measures forPrevention in Bank Premises By: Ranjeet Kumar Sr. Manager (Fire Safety) ZO, New Delhi
Fire – A HazardA hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property or environment.Fire is one of the greatest threats to a business. It can start almost anywhere and can destroy everything in its path.
Fire Starters . . .• Combustible Material Files, Document / Papers Old waste combustible material• Open Flames Smoking Pantry• Unventilated Spaces UPS / Battery Room Electrical Panel Old Record Section• Electrical Faults• Arson
Electrical Faults• Multi-plugging• Faulty Electrical Appliances UPS Air-conditioner Lighting fixtures Stabilizer (A/C)• Overrun of Air-conditioner Enterprise PC Room/cabin• Improper distribution of load• Improper Earthing• Connected Load > Sanctioned Load
Electrical Safety• Electrical Audit 4 yrs frequency After refurbishment / alteration• MCB / ELCB• Proper Earthing – Panel, UPS, ATM• Single Main Switch for Lighting + Power• AMC of Air-conditioners & UPS• Air-conditioners with timer• Sanction of additional load• Modular Fire Extinguishers in UPS cabin
Scale of Fire Fighting Equipment• Fire Extinguisher ABC Type 5.0 kg – 2 nos. CO2 Type 4.5 kg – 2 nos. Modular 5.0 kg – 1/2 nos.• Fire Alarm System Fire Alarm Panel Smoke / Heat Detector MCP Hooter• Average life of these equipments are in the range of 10 – 15 years
Other FF Equipments• VESDA System• Clean-agent Flooding System• Fire Hydrant / Riser• Sprinkler System• PA System
Branch Inspection Checkpoints• Scale of Fire Extinguisher• Refilling of Fire Extinguisher• Modular Extinguisher on UPS• Fire Alarm System• Electrical Audit• General wiring• Ventilation / Cooling of UPS Room• MCB / ELCB
Essentials of NBC – Construction• Means of Access Open Space (Street 12m, Entrance 4.5m/5m) Fire Lift • Enclosure (2hr rating) • Door (1.5hr rating) • One per 1200m2 floor area • 8 person/545 kg, 1.4m2 lift area • Ground to top in 1 minute• Means of Escape Refuge Area (24 mtr + 15 mtr, 15m2(0.3m2/p) Exit Sign & Illumination 10 Lux Travel Distance (30 mtr / 15 mtr) Exit Doorway (min 1 mtr) Staircase Pressurization (1-stage / 2-stage,50 Pa pressure difference)
Essentials of NBC – Fire Safety• Fire Extinguishers• Fire Alarm System• Riser/Hydrant System, Hose Reel• Hose Box• Sprinkler• Fire Pump / Fire Water (based on height) 1M (2280lpm) + 1D + 1J (180lpm)• PA System• Alternative Power Source Fire pump / lift, Staircase, Corridor• Compartmentation (1.5 hr rating)
New Development – Fire Fighting• New Indian Specification for Portable Fire Extinguishers being notified by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).• Present ISI Numbers of Portable Extinguishers: Water type – IS 940 DCP type – IS 2171 CO2 type – IS 2878• IS 15683 is being notified as single IS code for all type of portable fire extinguishers.• -7- (seven) IS code including above- mentioned codes are being withdrawn accordingly.
Fire Extinguisher Data• Recommended Brands / Make Minimax , Safex, LifeGuard, Omex Other manufacturer certified by BIS• Type & Cost for new installation Type Capacity Cost (`) Water 9.0 ltr 1500/- to 2000/- CO2 4.5 kg 4000/- to 5000/- DCP 5.0 kg 1500/- to 2000/- ABC 5.0 kg 2500/- to 3500/- Modular 5.0 kg 4000/- to 5000/-
Fire Detection/Alarm SystemItem Qty Rate(`) Amount(`)Fire Alarm Panel 4-Zone with 1 set 9000/- 9000/-BatterySmoke Detector 20 1500/- 30000/-Heat Detector 1 1500/- 1500/-Response Indicator 2 250/- 500/-Manual Call Point (MCP) 1 500/- 500/-Hooter 1 500/- 500/-2-core Armoured cable 150 mtr 50/- 7500/-TOTAL 49500/-• Rates are for Conventional Fire Alarm System
AMC of Fire Fighting Equipment• Fire Extinguisher Type Maintenance Refilling Water Half-yearly Yearly DCP Half-yearly Yearly CO2 Half-yearly Yearly ABC Half-yearly Biannual Modular Half-yearly Biannual• Fire Alarm System • Quarterly checking
Tendering Guidance• Tendering Supply & Installation – Fire Alarm System Maintenance – Fire Alarm System Supply & Installation – Fire Extinguishers Maintenance & Refilling – Fire Extinguishers Electrical Audit of Branches / Office