Fire safety of Bank Premises

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Fire safety of Bank Premises

  1. 1. Fire Hazard & Measures forPrevention in Bank Premises By: Ranjeet Kumar Sr. Manager (Fire Safety) ZO, New Delhi
  2. 2. Fire – A HazardA hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property or environment.Fire is one of the greatest threats to a business. It can start almost anywhere and can destroy everything in its path.
  3. 3. Fire Starters . . .• Combustible Material  Files, Document / Papers  Old waste combustible material• Open Flames  Smoking  Pantry• Unventilated Spaces  UPS / Battery Room  Electrical Panel  Old Record Section• Electrical Faults• Arson
  4. 4. Electrical Faults• Multi-plugging• Faulty Electrical Appliances  UPS  Air-conditioner  Lighting fixtures  Stabilizer (A/C)• Overrun of Air-conditioner  Enterprise PC Room/cabin• Improper distribution of load• Improper Earthing• Connected Load > Sanctioned Load
  5. 5. Electrical Safety• Electrical Audit  4 yrs frequency  After refurbishment / alteration• MCB / ELCB• Proper Earthing – Panel, UPS, ATM• Single Main Switch for Lighting + Power• AMC of Air-conditioners & UPS• Air-conditioners with timer• Sanction of additional load• Modular Fire Extinguishers in UPS cabin
  6. 6. Scale of Fire Fighting Equipment• Fire Extinguisher  ABC Type 5.0 kg – 2 nos.  CO2 Type 4.5 kg – 2 nos.  Modular 5.0 kg – 1/2 nos.• Fire Alarm System  Fire Alarm Panel  Smoke / Heat Detector  MCP  Hooter• Average life of these equipments are in the range of 10 – 15 years
  7. 7. Other FF Equipments• VESDA System• Clean-agent Flooding System• Fire Hydrant / Riser• Sprinkler System• PA System
  8. 8. Branch Inspection Checkpoints• Scale of Fire Extinguisher• Refilling of Fire Extinguisher• Modular Extinguisher on UPS• Fire Alarm System• Electrical Audit• General wiring• Ventilation / Cooling of UPS Room• MCB / ELCB
  9. 9. Essentials of NBC – Construction• Means of Access  Open Space (Street 12m, Entrance 4.5m/5m)  Fire Lift • Enclosure (2hr rating) • Door (1.5hr rating) • One per 1200m2 floor area • 8 person/545 kg, 1.4m2 lift area • Ground to top in 1 minute• Means of Escape  Refuge Area (24 mtr + 15 mtr, 15m2(0.3m2/p)  Exit Sign & Illumination 10 Lux  Travel Distance (30 mtr / 15 mtr)  Exit Doorway (min 1 mtr)  Staircase Pressurization (1-stage / 2-stage,50 Pa pressure difference)
  10. 10. Essentials of NBC – Fire Safety• Fire Extinguishers• Fire Alarm System• Riser/Hydrant System, Hose Reel• Hose Box• Sprinkler• Fire Pump / Fire Water (based on height)  1M (2280lpm) + 1D + 1J (180lpm)• PA System• Alternative Power Source  Fire pump / lift, Staircase, Corridor• Compartmentation (1.5 hr rating)
  11. 11. New Development – Fire Fighting• New Indian Specification for Portable Fire Extinguishers being notified by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).• Present ISI Numbers of Portable Extinguishers:  Water type – IS 940  DCP type – IS 2171  CO2 type – IS 2878• IS 15683 is being notified as single IS code for all type of portable fire extinguishers.• -7- (seven) IS code including above- mentioned codes are being withdrawn accordingly.
  12. 12. Fire Extinguisher Data• Recommended Brands / Make  Minimax , Safex, LifeGuard, Omex  Other manufacturer certified by BIS• Type & Cost for new installation Type Capacity Cost (`) Water 9.0 ltr 1500/- to 2000/- CO2 4.5 kg 4000/- to 5000/- DCP 5.0 kg 1500/- to 2000/- ABC 5.0 kg 2500/- to 3500/- Modular 5.0 kg 4000/- to 5000/-
  13. 13. Fire Detection/Alarm SystemItem Qty Rate(`) Amount(`)Fire Alarm Panel 4-Zone with 1 set 9000/- 9000/-BatterySmoke Detector 20 1500/- 30000/-Heat Detector 1 1500/- 1500/-Response Indicator 2 250/- 500/-Manual Call Point (MCP) 1 500/- 500/-Hooter 1 500/- 500/-2-core Armoured cable 150 mtr 50/- 7500/-TOTAL 49500/-• Rates are for Conventional Fire Alarm System
  14. 14. AMC of Fire Fighting Equipment• Fire Extinguisher Type Maintenance Refilling Water Half-yearly Yearly DCP Half-yearly Yearly CO2 Half-yearly Yearly ABC Half-yearly Biannual Modular Half-yearly Biannual• Fire Alarm System • Quarterly checking
  15. 15. Tendering Guidance• Tendering  Supply & Installation – Fire Alarm System  Maintenance – Fire Alarm System  Supply & Installation – Fire Extinguishers  Maintenance & Refilling – Fire Extinguishers  Electrical Audit of Branches / Office

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