GEBHARTOVA-Resilience of critical infrastructure in field of water supply system-ID1193-IDRC2014_b

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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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GEBHARTOVA-Resilience of critical infrastructure in field of water supply system-ID1193-IDRC2014_b

  1. 1. Reisilience of Critical Infrastructure in field of Water Supply System 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Jana Gebhartová, AF-CITYPLAN, Czech Republic Jana Caletková, AF-CITYPLAN, Czech Republic Ivan Beneš, AF-CITYPLAN, Czech Republic
  2. 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Introduction • Water – food – energy are critical resources needed for our survival and sustainable development • One of the major challenges we are facing is growing population and urbanization (60 % of urban dwellers by 2030) – big pressure on resources and functional infrastructure • Modern society (especially life in cities) increasingly depends on infrastructure that can meet basic human needs – long-term interruption in continuity of critical services and products can result in breakdown of whole society in the city
  3. 3. Vulnerability of community during a long-term 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org extraordinary events „Five days after Typhoon Haiyan ripped apart entire coastal communities, the situation in Tacloban is becoming ever more dire with essential supplies low and increasingly desperate survivors jostling for aid“. „Others are taking matters into their own hands... Some survivors in Tacloban dug up water pipes in their desperate need for water“. „Some areas appeared to teeter near anarchy amid widespread looting of shops and warehouses for food, water and supplies“. „Since the city's warehouses have been emptied, looters are now entering homes and dwellings“. "The looting is not criminality. It is self-preservation". (Source: Reuters)
  4. 4. Resilience of community for long-term extraordinary 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org event • Recovery of basic supplies within 5 days → community can avoid its breakdown • Ensuring reliability of continuous water supply in sufficient quantities is absolutely essential in view of function of health society and its economic development
  5. 5. • „The safety assessment of critical infrastructure elements and alternative possibilities for increasing the security of cities and municipalities in the drinking water in case of major natural disasters and industrial accidents“ (2010 – 2014) • Project team: experts to protection and safety of critical infrastructure, water treatment system and water management systems 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Project • Cooperation with an operator of water supply system • Final user of results is state authorities – crisis management authorities • Objective of the project = to develop a systematic approach to critical infrastructure protection in field of drinking water supply and suggestion of approach to risk reduction • Holistic attitude „source of water to distribution“ • Consideration of extraordinary events that can cause malfunction of drinking water supply system for more that 24 hours – possible crisis situations
  6. 6. Project – encreasing resilience of water supply system • Identification of 16 critical elements in the entire water supply system – elements that are unique and hard to repeir them within 24 hours • Identification of possible threats relevant in the Czech Republic – Natural threats (floods, drought, earhquake, windstorm, gale, frost, etc.) – Human threats (traffic accident when dangerous substances can leak into 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org the source of water, etc.) – Technological threats (concerning operation of water infrastructure) – „Dependent threats“ (blackouts, failure of telecommunications, etc.)
  7. 7. Project – encreasing resilience of water supply 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Risk assessment: – the degree of risk is assessed via risk index (IR): IR = Likelihood * Imact 1) Likelihood of the threats system
  8. 8. Project – encreasing resilience of water supply system 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 2) Impact of the threats
  9. 9. Project – encreasing resilience of water supply system 3) Risk index • Final risk indexes show weaknesses („Achilles heels“) in the 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org system: • IRQUANTITY = Likelihood * IQUANTITY • IRQUALITY = Likelihood * IQUALITY
  10. 10. Project – encreasing resilience of water supply system 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Results for the critical element AT2 (river): Risk index for amount of water Risk index for quality of water
  11. 11. Project – encreasing resilience of water supply system • Information for crisis management authorities – assessement of: 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org – Territorial impact – Time needed for repairing the critical element – Neccessity to involve the Crisis management authorities • Results from risk assessment: – The operator of water supply system puts the outputs from risk assessment into his crisis preparedness plan – The operator hands over relevant outputs from the risk assessment to crisis management authorities and they should put them into crisis plan fo the region and crisis plan of the municipality → sharing relevant outputs is basic condition for setting co-operation between private sector (the operator) and public sector (crisis management authorities) during crisis situation related to water supply
  12. 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Czech Republic • Czech Republic = „the roof of Europe“ – the only source of water is atmospheric rain and snowfall • 93 % inhabitants depend on public water supply system • Main source of potable water – groundwater • Current situation – the smallest amount of renewable water per person annually (within EU) but not dependent on withdrawal of water from neighboring countries (yet) • Changes in available water resources concern Czech Republic too → increase of average temperature, rainfall redistribution, fewer snow-covered days, fall in ground water leveles in recent years • Floods are the most prevalent natural hazard • Water supply system = one of the nine sectors of critical infrastructure ensuring basic human needs • 2010 – security research program – dealing with the protection, safety and increasing the resilience of critical infrastructure
  13. 13. Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Reduction • How did your work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: – The project takes into account current and future hazards for water infrastructure – Outcomes of the project can help to reduce vulnerability of cities and community to disasters via resilient water critical infrastructure
  14. 14. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Thank you for your attention! jana.gebhartova@afconsult.com www.af-cityplan.com

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