THOMAS PAINE Ángela Mejías Melissa Matamoros José Miguel Martínez Diana González
INDEX Biography Political Thoughts Political Writings Common Sense Structure of Common Sense Arguments against British rule Influence and consequences of Common Sense
BIOGRAPHY 1737 - Thomas Paine was born in Thetford 1759 - Married Mary Lambert 1761 – Supernumerary officer 1762 – Excise officer in Grantham Stay maker, servant, school teacher…
BIOGRAPHY 1768 – Appointed to Lewes (Samuel Ollive) 1771 – Married Elizabeth Ollive 1772 – The Case of the Officers of Excise 1774 –Emigrated to Pennsylvania because of Benjamin Franklin’s suggestions.
BIOGRAPHY 1775 – Editor of Pennsylvania Magazine. He published Common Sense. 1791- The rights of Man 1792 – Fled to France 1802 – Came back to United States 1809 – He died
POLITICAL THOUGHTS I. Reason and Self-Governing Individuals. II. Self-Governance and Societal Interdependence. III. Government and the Common Good. Plaque at the White Hart Hotel, Lewes, East Sussex, south east England
POLITICAL WRITINGS The Case of the Officers of Excise Published in 1772.
POLITICAL WRITINGS Rights of Man - Published in 1791.
POLITICAL WRITINGS African Slavery in America. - Article published in 1775 in the Postscript to the Pennsylvania Journal and Weekly Advertiser. The Crisis (1776)
COMMON SENSE Common Sense is a pamphlet written during the American Revolution. It was published anonymously in 1776. This work presented the American Colonies with an argument for freedom from British rule at a time when the question of independence was still undecided.
COMMON SENSE It is structured like a sermon and relied on biblical references to make his case to the people. The pamphlet probably had little direct influence on the Continental Congress’ decision to issue a Declaration of independence. Loyalists vigorously attacked Common Sense.
STRUCTURE OF COMMON SENSE I – Of the Origin and design of the government in general, with concise remarks on the English Constitutions. II – Of Monarchy and hereditary succession. III – Thoughts on the present state of American Affairs. IV – On the present Ability of America, with some Miscellaneous Reflections.
ARGUMENTS AGAINST BRITISH RULE It was absurd for an island to rule a continent. America is not a British nation and Britain is not the mother of America. The distance between the two nations is enormous. Americas relationship with the rest of Europe. The problem with Monarchy.
ARGUMENTS AGAINST BRITISH RULE Britain rules the colonies from its own benefit. “Why is it that we hesitate? From Britain we can expect nothing but ruin. If she is admitted to the government of America again, this continent will not be worth living in.” “Until an independence is declared the continent will feel itself like a man who continues putting off some unpleasant business from day to day, yet knows it must be done, hates to set about it, wishes it over, and is continually haunted with the thoughts of its necessity.”
INFLUENCE AND CONSEQUENCES OF COMMON SENSE American Revolution (1775): - Dated from 1775 to 1783 - Aim: Independence British debts Causes: No representation in the Parliament of Great Britain
INFLUENCE AND CONSEQUENCES OF COMMON SENSE Creation of the Provincial Congress Continental Congress The Declaration of Independence British troops sent to America and the beginning of the war (American war of Independence) American victory Treaty of Paris (1783)