Successfully reported this slideshow.
Your SlideShare is downloading. ×


Loading in …3

Check these out next

1 of 30 Ad

More Related Content

Similar to CongressOfVienna3.ppt (20)

Recently uploaded (20)



  1. 1. Review Questions 1. What was the Napoleonic Code? 2. Name at least two other specific reforms made by Napoleon. 3. What is nationalism? 4. How did geography play a role in the defeat of Napoleon? 5. What was the goal at the Congress of Vienna?
  2. 2. Essential Questions: • Is nationalism the greatest force in shaping the world geopolitically? • In what region of the world did the French Revolution have the greatest impact? Aim: Was the Congress of Vienna successful in “turning back the clock?”
  3. 3. Map of Europe (1789)- Before Napoleon’s Rise to Power 3
  4. 4. Europe in 1812 at the Height of Napoleon’s Power
  5. 5. Europe A fter the Congress of Vienna
  6. 6. T he Congress of Vienna (September 1, 1814 – June 9, 1815)
  7. 7. Key Players at Vienna The “Host” Prince Klemens von Metternich (Aus.) Foreign Minister, Viscount Castlereagh (Br.) Tsar Alexander I (Rus.) King Frederick William III (Prus.) Foreign Minister, Charles Maurice de Tallyrand (Fr.)
  8. 8. Review Questions 1. How did Napoleon’s conquests spark nationalism? 2. What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna? 3. Who do the kings and ministers at the Congress of Vienna want to rule over European countries? 4. Did the kings and ministers support the idea of nationalism? Use specific examples to support your answer.
  9. 9. Goals of the Congress of Vienna 1. PREVENT ACTS OF FUTURE AGGRESSION – Surround France with strong countries. – Make the weak countries around France stronger. 2. TO RESTORE A BALANCE OF POWER: redraw boundaries so no country can dominate Europe again 3. “TURN BACK THE CLOCK.” •Restore Europe’s royal families to their thrones. •Legitimacy: The hereditary right of a monarch to rule. •Suppress future revolutions and liberal ideas. •Compensation: countries that fought against France should receive either land or money 10
  10. 10. Was the Congress of Vienna Successful? 1. No country was left bearing a grudge. 2. The establishment of the Concert of Europe created a long lasting peace throughout Europe 3. The Carlsbad Decrees of 1819 were Metternich's effort to suppress ideas of revolution, freedom, democracy, and nationalism through Europe.  Attempted to silence the voices of 11
  11. 11. Congress of Vienna 4. Could not prevent the spread of nationalist ideas. Revolts by nationalist groups for unifications or greater autonomy rose in Central Europe. In Britain, the Reform Bill of 1832 extended the vote to most members of the middle-class, however it failed to produce a true democratic government 12
  12. 12. LIBERAL CONSERVATIVE Male property owners WHO SHOULD RULE Monarchs and nobles
  13. 13. Protect basic rights to liberty and property GOALS OF GOVERNMENT Stability and Order Republic with constitution and separation of powers FORM OF GOVERNMENT Monarchy
  14. 14. Laissez faire Capitalism ECONOMY Controlled by nobles Freedom of religion RELIGION Established Church
  15. 15. On the index card, explain 3 things that you can remember about the Congress of Vienna and 3 things about the Age of Ideologies
  16. 16. Aim: How did the French Revolution spread nationalism to Latin America?
  17. 17. From 1500 to 1800, Latin America was colonized by Europe, especially Spain European nations used mercantilism to gain wealth from their American colonies. Catholic missionaries from Spain & France converted American Indians.
  18. 18. Encomienda System
  19. 19. Social Classes in Latin American colonial society, known as sociedad de castas •Peninsulares: People who were born in Spain • Tiny percentage of the population. • Only class which could hold high office in colonial government. • Mostly Spanish government officials, church officials, and clergy members. •Creoles: Spainiards born in Latin America • Could not hold high-level political office, but could rise in military ranks. • Could hold land, wealth, and were the best educated. • Owned plantations and mines. Controlled the local colonial economies. •Mestizos: People of mixed European and Native Indian ancestry. •Mulattos: Persons of mixed European and African ancestry. _______________________________________________________________ Enslaved Africans and American Indians were at the bottom of the social ladder.
  20. 20. Indians & African slaves made up the bottom of the social hierarchy Indians & slaves were used as workers for Creole plantations
  21. 21. From 1800 to 1830, Latin American colonies began declaring independence from European nations & establishing democracies throughout the Americas
  22. 22. By the late 1700s, Latin Americans were inspired to gain independence because of the ideas of the Enlightenment, and the successes of the American & French Revolutions had spread amongst the well- educated Creole class.
  23. 23. Throughout the Spanish colonies in South America, the creoles had wealth & education but could not participate in government Creoles embraced Enlightenment ideas like natural rights & consent of the governed
  24. 24. Five outside events prompted Latin American revolutions for independence: 1. Enlightenment ideas of liberalism spread among Creoles 2. American Revolution showed how it could be done - inspired revolutionary leaders 3. French Revolution idea of “liberty, equality and fraternity,” but how much liberty, equality, and fraternity was debated. 4. Fear of Haiti’s slave revolt made Creoles act quickly. 5. Napoleon’s forces invaded the Iberian Peninsula- colonies claimed that had no loyalty to this French puppet- government
  25. 25. STOP and CHECK (1)Which social group will carry out these Latin American Revolutions? Creoles in South America African slaves in Haiti Indians in Mexico
  26. 26. Latin American Independent Leaders Simon Bolivar Toussaint L’Oueverture Miguel Hidalgo Jose de San Martin Chris Julianna Kieran Daniel Carly Matthew Mark Ella Gabby Taylor Kian Jonathan Kevin Danielle Alex F. Halle Alex B. Cydney Anysia Tommy Dylan
  27. 27. Chris Matt Kian Alex B Halle Julianna Ella Jonathan Cydney Alex F Kieran Gabby Kevin Anysia Daniel Carley Taylor Danielle Tommy
  28. 28. Lucy Kyle Chris Anna Marianne Alana Daniel Shannon Amanda Sarah Kate Reegan Stephen Gianna Erin Brian Anthony Sean Max Gio Tyler Vincent Carly Maks Brooke Lex

Editor's Notes

  • Even though they could not hold high public office, creoles were the least oppressed of those born in Latin America. They were also the best educated. In fact, many wealthy young creoles traveled to Europe for their education. In Europe, they read about and adopted Enlightenment ideas. When they returned to Latin America, they brought ideas of revolution with them. Napoleon’s conquest of Spain in 1808 triggered revolts in the Spanish colonies. Removing Spain’s King Ferdinand VII, Napoleon made his brother Joseph king of Spain. Many creoles might have supported a Spanish king. However, they felt no loyalty to a king imposed by the French. Creoles, recalling Locke’s idea of the consent of the governed, argued that when the real king was removed, power shifted to the people. In 1810, rebellion broke out in several parts of Latin America. The drive toward independence had begun.
    The South American wars of independence rested on the achievements of two brilliant creole generals. One was Simón Bolívar, a wealthy Venezuelan creole. The other great liberator was José de San Martín, an Argentinian.
    Bolívar’s Route to Victory
    Simón Bolívar’s native Venezuela declared its independence from Spain in 1811. But the struggle for independence had only begun. Bolívar’s volunteer army of revolutionaries suffered numerous defeats. Twice Bolívar had to go into exile. A turning point came in August 1819. Bolívar led over 2,000 soldiers on a daring march through the Andes into what is now Colombia. (See the 1830 map on page 685.) Coming from this direction, he took the Spanish army in Bogotá completely by surprise and won a decisive victory. By 1821, Bolívar had won Venezuela’s independence. He then marched south into Ecuador. In Ecuador, Bolívar finally met José de San Martín. Together they would decide the future of the Latin American revolutionary movement.
    San Martín Leads Southern Liberation Forces San Martín’s Argentina had declared its independence in 1816. However, Spanish forces in nearby Chile and Peru still posed a threat. In 1817, San Martín led an army on a grueling march across the Andes to Chile. He was joined there by forces led by Bernardo O’Higgins, son of a former viceroy of Peru. With O’Higgins’s help, San Martín finally freed Chile. In 1821, San Martín planned to drive the remaining Spanish forces out of Lima, Peru. But to do so, he needed a much larger force. San Martín and Bolívar discussed this problem when they met at Guayaquil, Ecuador, in 1822.
    No one knows how the two men reached an agreement. But San Martín left his army for Bolívar to command. With unified revolutionary forces, Bolívar’s army went on to defeat the Spanish at the Battle of Ayacucho (Peru) on December 9, 1824. In this last major battle of the war for independence, the Spanish colonies in Latin America won their freedom. The future countries of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador were united into a country called Gran Colombia.