TEACHING SPEAKING AND WRITING TO
ADULTS AND YOUNG ADULTS
Why is it so hard to teach these
• When you’re teaching speaking and writing the biggest
challenge is getting your students excited or motivated about
• A lot of the students we see here in Kazakhstan feel like they
don’t really need to master these skills, or the language as a
• Activities that focus on these skills can require a lot of
preparation and creativity from the teacher.
• Many teachers don’t know how to assess these Abilities.
Theo Navarro December 2013
How can I get my students to be more
involved in the activities?
• Be creative when planning your lessons. Use your knowledge about
the students to adapt activities to what they like.
• Look outside the book. Textbooks are great because they give us
direction and a lot of resources, but it’s okay to find different
activities that you think your students will like more.
• Make sure the activities are realistic. Don’t teach them things that
they cannot use in real life! They don’t need to memorize
conversations, they don’t need to learn how to write letters and they
don’t need to do translation activities!
Do a “Needs Analysis”
• At the beginning of each semester give your students a questionnaire.
Find out WHY they need English. When you know what they need to
do with the language, you can help them practice those things.
• The more you know about your students, the easier it is to plan your
• Sometimes students need to be reminded that they actually NEED the
• Ask questions like:
• “Do you need English to go on holiday?”
• “Do you need to apply to a University in English?”
• “Do you want to watch films or TV shows in English?”
WHAT TYPES OF ACTIVITIES CAN I DO TO HELP
THEM PRACTICE WRITING?
• Green smoke
• From a cave
• From a lake
• From space
• Old woman
• Dark clothes
• Black cat
• Teach students to do things that they NEED to do
Formal and informal E-mails
• Don’t teach students ANYTHING that is useless!