CHAPTER 11
Enlightenment and Revolution in
England and America

Section 1:   Civil War and Revolution
Section 2:   Constit...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

    11.5 Bell Ringer Question:
    What British policies were implemented
    in the mi...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

   New ideas in gov’t were
   not confined to Europe in
   the 1700s …..
SECTION 5
The American Revolution




                     Seven Years War
SECTION 5
The American Revolution
SECTION 5
The American Revolution
                          English
                          war debts
                  ...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution
Mercantilist trade laws began to be enforced….




         And the colonists reacted ….
Political Cartoon
The American Revolution
SECTION 5
The American Revolution
Political Cartoon
The American Revolution
SECTION 5
The American Revolution


Doesn’t EVERYONE have to pay
           taxes?



WHY would the colonists believe   “T...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution
SECTION 5
The American Revolution



    Did everyone support
       the revolution?

       Draw a two column chart …
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

 • Patriots                     • Loyalists
 • 'Whigs', 'Congress-men',     • "Tories",...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

A minority of uncertain size
tried to stay neutral in the
war. Most kept a low
profile....
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

The Patriots take action ….

Met in Philadelphia in 1774 (First Continental
Congress) a...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution


                By April 1775 British
 Troops felt threatened by colonists so they tri...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution
Second Continental Congress
May 1775
Philadelphia




The colonies prepare
for war.
SECTION 5
The American Revolution




                  Thomas Jefferson
                  Declaration of Independence
SECTION 5
The American Revolution
SECTION 5
  The American Revolution

          Articles of Confederation 1781

One-house congress; each state had one vote...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

      Philadelphia Convention 1787

James Madison and Alexander Hamilton from the
outse...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

            The Constitution
 • Federal system dividing power between a
   strong centr...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution
  Effects of American Independence
 • Major event in world history
 • Democratic gov’t w...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

Now, let’s look at today’s bellringer …

              What British policies were
     ...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

    British Policy   Colonial Reaction     Possible British Cause


    Colonists were ...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

    British Policy   Colonial Reaction     Possible British Cause


    Sugar Act of   ...
SECTION 5
The American Revolution

    British Policy   Colonial Reaction   Possible British Cause



    Stamp Act of    ...
Political Cartoon
  The American Revolution




Benjamin Franklin’s Join, or Die political cartoon, published in 1754
in t...
Political Cartoon
The American Revolution

                    Three men, symbols of Britain’s
                    other c...
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Ch 11.5

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Ch 11.5

  1. 1. CHAPTER 11 Enlightenment and Revolution in England and America Section 1: Civil War and Revolution Section 2: Constitutional Monarchy in England Section 3: English Colonial Expansion Section 4: The Enlightenment Section 5: The American Revolution
  2. 2. SECTION 5 The American Revolution 11.5 Bell Ringer Question: What British policies were implemented in the mid-1700s, and how did the American colonists react to them? British policy Colonial Reaction Why did the British do it?
  3. 3. SECTION 5 The American Revolution New ideas in gov’t were not confined to Europe in the 1700s …..
  4. 4. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Seven Years War
  5. 5. SECTION 5 The American Revolution
  6. 6. SECTION 5 The American Revolution English war debts 1688-1783 British politicians expected the colonists to repay the war debt.
  7. 7. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Mercantilist trade laws began to be enforced…. And the colonists reacted ….
  8. 8. Political Cartoon The American Revolution
  9. 9. SECTION 5 The American Revolution
  10. 10. Political Cartoon The American Revolution
  11. 11. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Doesn’t EVERYONE have to pay taxes? WHY would the colonists believe “Taxation without that they didn’t have to pay?? representation is tyranny."
  12. 12. SECTION 5 The American Revolution
  13. 13. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Did everyone support the revolution? Draw a two column chart …
  14. 14. SECTION 5 The American Revolution • Patriots • Loyalists • 'Whigs', 'Congress-men', • "Tories", or "King's men" or 'Americans' • about 15-20% of the • included a full range of population remained loyal to the British Crown social and economic classes, but all agreed to • typically older, less willing to break with old loyalties, often the need to defend the connected to the Church of rights of Americans England, and included many established merchants with business connections across the Empire, as well as royal officials
  15. 15. SECTION 5 The American Revolution A minority of uncertain size tried to stay neutral in the war. Most kept a low profile. However, the Quakers, especially in Pennsylvania, were the most important group that was outspoken for neutrality.
  16. 16. SECTION 5 The American Revolution The Patriots take action …. Met in Philadelphia in 1774 (First Continental Congress) and demanded full rights of British citizens Agreed to meet the next year …
  17. 17. SECTION 5 The American Revolution By April 1775 British Troops felt threatened by colonists so they tried to seize colonists’ guns & powder – The “shot heard 'round the world" -- Lexington & Concord
  18. 18. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Second Continental Congress May 1775 Philadelphia The colonies prepare for war.
  19. 19. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Thomas Jefferson Declaration of Independence
  20. 20. SECTION 5 The American Revolution
  21. 21. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Articles of Confederation 1781 One-house congress; each state had one vote Weak central gov’t – could not levy taxes or coin money; could not regulate trade with foreign nations or states; no chief executive; only courts were state courts Power was in the hands of the States.
  22. 22. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Philadelphia Convention 1787 James Madison and Alexander Hamilton from the outset wanted to create a new government rather than "fix" the existing one. The result was the Constitution of the United States.
  23. 23. SECTION 5 The American Revolution The Constitution • Federal system dividing power between a strong central gov’t and the states • Three branches in central gov’t • Ratified 1789 • Bill of Rights added in 1791
  24. 24. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Effects of American Independence • Major event in world history • Democratic gov’t was a radical idea at the time • Restricted voting to males and property owners How are the ideals of the Enlightenment reflected in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution?
  25. 25. SECTION 5 The American Revolution Now, let’s look at today’s bellringer … What British policies were implemented in the mid-1700s, and how did the American colonists react to them?
  26. 26. SECTION 5 The American Revolution British Policy Colonial Reaction Possible British Cause Colonists were Colonists felt that Britain wanted to forbidden to Britain was avoid Settle in the curbing American Indian Land west of their liberties. uprising. the Appalachian Mountains
  27. 27. SECTION 5 The American Revolution British Policy Colonial Reaction Possible British Cause Sugar Act of Britain was Colonists saw 1764 - enforcing its this as a threat imposed mercantilist trade to their liberties. taxes on laws. Why NOW? sugar & other imports from non-British colonies.
  28. 28. SECTION 5 The American Revolution British Policy Colonial Reaction Possible British Cause Stamp Act of WHAT IS UP Britain was again 1765 – WITH THIS?? trying to get money imposed a Colonists will to pay for war tax on all boycott British debts. sorts of goods to get everyday Parliament to documents repeal the tax.
  29. 29. Political Cartoon The American Revolution Benjamin Franklin’s Join, or Die political cartoon, published in 1754 in the Pennsylvania Gazette.
  30. 30. Political Cartoon The American Revolution Three men, symbols of Britain’s other colonies or enemies, egg on George Washington in bestowing thirteen Stripes on Britannia for being a tyrant to the American colonies.

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