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Productive Skill: Presentation about Speaking.

Power point presentation about speaking. It shows the main characteristics to achieve an effective oral interaction.

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Productive Skill: Presentation about Speaking.

  1. 1. Speaking
  2. 2. • Dominguez, Valeria; Grieco Mayra; Lugano M. Eugenia • Saubidet Oyhamburu Stella • Language and Written expression IV • 21 August 2014
  3. 3. • “Speaking is a interactive process of constructing meaning that involves producing and receiving and processing information” (Brown, 1994; Burns & Joyce, 1997)
  4. 4. Making oneself understood in a second language
  5. 5. Speaker Hearer Iniciates the interaction Communicative intention Brings presuppositions and expectations Interprets the speaker´s message Reacts to the message Changes his or her role
  6. 6. Oral interaction SPEAKER HEARER IDEAS FEELINGS ATTITUDES INFORMATION •LINGUISTIC FORM •PHYSICAL CONTEXT •SOCIOCULTURAL NORMS
  7. 7. MISUNDERSTANDING IN ORAL COMMUNICATION • Lack of command of the target linguistic knowledge • Lack of sharing sociocultural rules of appropiacy and background knowledge
  8. 8. Speaking: Controversial skill • Difficult – Listening comprehension Speech production subskills • Easy- body language - demonstration - repetition -strategies
  9. 9. Speech production • Levelt´s contextual factors • Demand • Arousal • Feedback • Effectiveness • Coherent organization • Cohesion • Appropiate choice of lexical items
  10. 10. Cooperative principle • Grice´s maxims • Quantity • Quality • Relevance • Manner
  11. 11. PARTICIPATING IN ORAL INTERACTION MAINTAINING THE FLOW OF SPEECH Turn-taking rules Effective comunicator ACCOMMODATING THE HEARER •Body language •Grice´s maxims •Sociocultural appropiacy rules •Eye contact
  12. 12. PREREQUISITES FOR SPEAKING IN ANOTHER LANGUAGE • Good use of pragmatics and sociocultural factors. • Vocabulary relevant to the situation • Good use of discourse connectors • Suitable opening and closing phrases • Basic intonation patterns • Proper rhythm and stress • Grice´s maxims E C F O F M E M C U T N I I V C E A T I O N
  13. 13. COMPENSATION STRATEGIES FOR LINGUISTIC DIFFICULTIES • Paraphrasing • Asking for help • Using examples and explanations • Using body language
  14. 14. Speaking and writing
  15. 15. Speaking is similar to writing... When we speak to someone we take into account the listener´s context
  16. 16. Spoken discourse Written discourse Sound Visual Temporal Exists in time Immediate Deferred Sequential Hierarchical Frequently unplanned Planned Little editing Can be editted Redundancy, repetition More dense
  17. 17. sources • Celce- Murcia, M. & Olshtain, E. (2000) Discorse and Context in Language Teaching • Youtube´s website. Available at • Pagina d ela frase

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