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The wealth of scientific data to support FOLU Net Sinks 2030

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The wealth of scientific data to support FOLU Net Sinks 2030

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Presented by Daniel Murdiyarso and Bimo Dwisatrio at Science and Policy Dialogue I on 16 Dec 2021

Presented by Daniel Murdiyarso and Bimo Dwisatrio at Science and Policy Dialogue I on 16 Dec 2021

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The wealth of scientific data to support FOLU Net Sinks 2030

  1. 1. The wealth of scientific data to support FOLU Net Sinks 2030 Daniel Murdiyarso
  2. 2. Mangrove C stocks GHG fluxes
  3. 3. Bali’s G20 Launching pad
  4. 4. From Bali to 9 provinces to be rehabilitated
  5. 5. Knowledge gap and research priorities to support Indonesia in achieving 2030 commitment in FOLU sectors and COP26 commitment Bimo Dwi Satrio
  6. 6. WP 1.1 Archetypes of tropical deforestation and degradation • Overview - identification of archetypes of tropical deforestation and degradation to feed into the diagnostic framework. • Archetypes are stylised contexts that describe the main drivers, patterns and processes that shape social-ecological systems and co-determine socioeconomic and environmental outcomes. • Explore how existing data enables different classifications, and also which classifications are likely to be most useful for policy formulation
  7. 7. WP 1.2 Data generation to support the Enhanced Transparency Framework (EFT) and the UNFCCC TACCC principles • Overview - Close data and methods gaps for faster, more accurate and higher-Tier reporting of LULUCF GHG emissions with a special emphasis on large C reservoirs • Support Government of Indonesia to develop refined emission factors for peatlands paying particular attention to emissions from fires, forest degradation and oil palm-driven deforestation, using: • Literature synthesis • Process-based modeling • Deliverables – Output 1.2.2 – Production of refined Tier 1 and higher-Tier EF for key sources and sinks and critical tropical ecosystems e.g. peatlands • Up-to-date database of soil GHG emissions and controlling factors for refinement of tropical peat emission factors, in particular of Southeast Asian peatlands • Presentations and session organization at scientific conferences: • Year 1: 13th Int. Symposium on Biogeochemistry of Wetlands; Society of Wetland Scientists Annual Meeting; European Geophysical Union General Assembly • Year 2: European Geophysical Union General Assembly; TBD
  8. 8. WP 1.2 Data generation to support the Enhanced Transparency Framework (EFT) and the UNFCCC TACCC principles • Deliverables – Output 1.2.2, con’td – Production of refined Tier 1 and higher-Tier EF for key sources and sinks and critical tropical ecosystems e.g. peatlands • Peer-reviewed scientific publications: • Spatio-temporal variability of peat CH4 and N2O fluxes and their contribution to peat GHG budgets in forest and oil palm plantations – Published in FES • N2O and CH4 fluxes from oil palm plantation on peat result in higher global warming potential than preceding land-uses of pristine and degraded forest – In preparation for submission to STOTEN • How can process-based modeling improve CO2 and N2O emission factors for oil palm plantations? – In preparation for submission to STOTEN • Soil GHG emission factors for undrained degraded peatlands of the tropics – In preparation for submission to MITI • Vegetation C stock and soil GHG emission changes associated with peat swamp forest degradation and conversion to oil palm plantation in Sumatra, Indonesia – TBD • Blog posts providing ongoing, updated knowledge of the project’s findings
  9. 9. WP 2.2 Mapping and assessing REDD+ finance and benefit-sharing mechanisms (Tentative definitions) REDD+ financing mechanisms : institutions and processes that design or implement the mobilization, allocation, distribution, monitoring and reporting the financial means to support activities that have REDD+ objectives REDD+ Benefit sharing mechanisms: institutions and processes that determine what are REDD+ benefits/costs, who benefits and bears them, and how those benefits/costs are distributed, monitored and reported. Planned activities in Indonesia (2022 – 2023) Mapping and assessing REDD+ financial modalities • Co-develop typology of REDD+ financial modalities in Indonesia, and involving students in research (2022) • Database of REDD+ financial modalities in Indonesia • 1 Paper for Indonesia in 2023 Benefit sharing mechanism • 1 Benefit Sharing knowledge tree translated to Indonesian in Y2 • 1 paper on Indonesia BSM, with case study in East Kalimantan (FCPF Carbon Fund) (2023)
  10. 10. WP 3.1 Bringing out the politics: Understanding and enlarging the policy space Overview Looking at the situation and changes at global and national levels we aim to better understand resistance to change and power relations that might enable change through three outputs: 1. Further analysis of the global political economy of deforestation; to understand resistance to change, power relations 2. Analysis of the governance of global forest carbon finance 3. Analysis of changing domestic REDD+ policy domain structures enabled through continuously updated and maintained databases with information on policy networks, discourses, and existing policies and institutional context National contexts • The Job Creation Law • Updated NDC and LTS-LCCR 2050 • Carbon tax (Rp 30/kg CO2e; UU HPP No. 7/2021), carbon levy (Perpres No. 98/2021), ecological fiscal transfer (RUU HKPD) and the potential of carbon trading by social forestry permit holders • Mangrove on the policy and political agenda (BRGM; Bappenas’s Strategic Coordination Team for Wetland Management) Deliverables • Scientific papers; info briefs and tools co-produced with partners • Topics for 2021-2022: policy and political changes, finance and carbon market • Topics for 2022-2023 to be discussed with partners • Updated databases on REDD+ policy domain structures (i.e., on policy networks, discourses, and existing policies and institutional context)
  11. 11. WP 3.2 Safeguards and Rights-based approaches Analysis and publications outlining practical steps for meeting safeguard standards and promote social inclusion in REDD+ and other forest-friendly initiatives. Common safeguards standards in Indonesia include World Bank Carbon Fund (jurisdiction level) and Plan Vivo (project level); Land Rights Standard (Central Kalimantan), GCF (national REDD+ architecture). Global: • Review of voluntary safeguards standards to understand drivers of success and failure and how they are defined. • Comparative typology* of REDD+ voluntary safeguards standards: content, criteria and monitoring (including ART-TREES, VCS, Land Rights Standard). National and subnational (Jambi and East Kalimantan) • Review of national laws and norms associated with safeguards criteria and IPLC rights. • Research on relevant national and subnational safeguards implementation. • Interviews on how key actors across levels perceive and plan to apply safeguards, including barriers to safeguards that are more supportive of IPLC rights. Outputs (action plans, factsheets, flyers and articles) • Support a more equitable and socially inclusive REDD+ that enables the rights of Indigenous women and men.
  12. 12. WP 4 Diagnostic Framework, policy scenario, science-policy platforms • WP4 will integrate the understanding of drivers and context (WP1), the impacts of policies and actions in different contexts (WP2), and an understanding of the political space (WP3) to propose targeted interventions and increase engagement from key stakeholders in the four priority countries. In WP4, we will refine and apply the diagnostic framework and policy scenarios through science-policy platforms with in-country stakeholders. Work Package 1: Achieving transparency & accountability Work Package 2: Tracking & assessing actions Work Package 3: Bringing out the politics Global Forests & Climate Arena National Policies & Actions Subnat’l Policies & Actions Work Package 4: Linking science, policy & politics • diagnostic framework • policy scenarios • science-policy platforms
  13. 13. Thank you

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