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Keeping track of forests: systems for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) - Experience from the Indonesian National Carbon Accounting System

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Keeping track of forests: systems for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) - Experience from the Indonesian National Carbon Accounting System

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Presented by Dr. Haruni Krisnawati, Senior Researcher of the
Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Indonesia. Presented at the Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit http://www.cifor.org/asia-pacific-rainforest-summit/

Presented by Dr. Haruni Krisnawati, Senior Researcher of the
Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Indonesia. Presented at the Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit http://www.cifor.org/asia-pacific-rainforest-summit/

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Keeping track of forests: systems for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) - Experience from the Indonesian National Carbon Accounting System

  1. 1. Dr. Haruni Krisnawati Senior Researcher, Research Development & Innovation Agency Ministry of Environment and Forestry - Indonesia Asia Pacific Rainforest Summit Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, 3-5 August 2016 Keeping track of forests: systems for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) Experience from the Indonesian National Carbon Accounting System
  2. 2. • Third biggest forest area in the world • Population of over 200 million people • Archipelago of 17,000 islands – less than half inhabited • Rapidly developing country, app. 6% pa • Traditional land uses are major economic activities • High rates of deforestation and degradation • Ambitious environmental protection agenda Indonesia context
  3. 3. Why do we develop INCAS? Indonesia’s commitment to reduce GHG emissions through improved land management requires a credible MRV system to be able to:  Understand the size and source of emissions  Analyze the impact of alternative land management  Track progress towards emissions reduction targets  Support national GHG inventories, sustainable land use planning, sustainable management of forests, watershed management, etc land sector
  4. 4. What is INCAS? A system for accounting GHG emissions and removals to support MRV requirements for the land sector in Indonesia, including REDD+ activities  Systematic and nationally consistent GHG accounting system for the land sector  Support for GHG inventories & international reporting  MRV and decision support tool  Designed as a ‘Tier 3’ level GHG accounting system  Scalable and uses the best available data
  5. 5. INCAS Framework - summary QC/QA process is conducted for each step
  6. 6. Forest Modelling Approach LANDSAT DATA (2000-2012) Annual cover change Forest Type Forest Function SoilConcession CropFire BIOPHYSICAL DATA Clearing 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Revegetation 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 CARBONACCOUNTINGMODELANDTOOL Predictingcarbonstocksandcarbonflowinforestandpeatlandsystems AREA OF CHANGE BY LAND USE AND ACTIVITY GREENHOUSE GAS ACCOUNT LAND MANAGEMENT DATA
  7. 7. Spatial Analysis Deforestation Forest Degradation Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stocks SMF 2000 - 20012001 - 20022002 - 20032003 - 20042004 - 20052005 - 20062006 - 20072007 - 20082008 - 20092009 - 20102010 - 20112011 - 2012 Defining area of each management regime (e.g. REDD+)
  8. 8. • The first national results have been generated – REDD+ activities, nation-wide – Covers all of Indonesia’s forests and peatlands – Results presented nationally and for all 34 provinces – Detailed results can be generated – Valuable for MRV and informing policy • Website for accessing data, methodologies and associated Publications www.incas-indonesia.org INCAS: Progress to Date…
  9. 9. www.incas-indonesia.org; www.incas.menlhk.go.id
  10. 10. Improvement plans • Expanding to the entire AFOLU sector • Transition to using full spatial modeling • Trialing next generation Tier 3 tools for national greenhouse gas inventories • Incorporating more data sets • Extending the time series of forest cover change • Improving maps (peat, fire, forest type etc) • Formalizing QA/QC processes • Improving emissions estimates from peatland (including drainage ditches) • Internalizing into the activities of GOI land management agencies
  11. 11. Conclusion  Indonesia now has experience implementing a MRV system for forests  Data compiled  Systems developed  Improvement opportunities identified  The system is designed to comply with international good practice guidance for land based monitoring and with sufficient flexibility to meet reporting requirements  The system is well placed to test new materials and resources
  12. 12. Special thanks to Australia for supporting the development of INCAS

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