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Corruption Eradication Commission of the Republic Indonesia


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Presentation by Moch. Jasin,
Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi,
Corruption Eradication Commission of the Republic Indonesia,
The 14th International Anti-Corruption Conference, Thursday, 11 November 2010, Queen Sirikit National Convention Center, Bangkok, Thailand

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Corruption Eradication Commission of the Republic Indonesia

  1. 1. Moch. Jasin Corruption Eradication Commission of the Republic Indonesia Bangkok, 11-11-2010
  2. 2. Indonesia Highlight <ul><li>17,480 islands, 6000 inhabited and 33 provinces. </li></ul><ul><li>1.922.570 km 2 land area and 3.257.483 km 2 covered with waters </li></ul><ul><li>69% area covered by forest, </li></ul><ul><li>25.000 species of plants and 20.000 species of medicinal plants, 4000 types of woods </li></ul><ul><li>Home of million species of rare plant and animal </li></ul>
  4. 4. Establishment of KPK: Rationale Behind <ul><li>Corrupt acts have been on the increase over the years </li></ul><ul><li>Corrupt acts have become more sophisticated and systemic </li></ul><ul><li>Corrupt acts have been categorized as an extra ordinary crime, therefore the effort to eradicate corruption must be done by extraordinary means </li></ul><ul><li>Government agencies that have handled corruption cases have not been functioning effectively </li></ul>KPK established under Law No. 30, Year 2002
  5. 5. KPK’s Features: <ul><li>Some features: </li></ul><ul><li>Independent from the Executive, Legislative, Judiciary and any other powers </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible to the Public </li></ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction only on corruption crime </li></ul><ul><li>Other features </li></ul><ul><li>5 Commissioners </li></ul><ul><li>4 Advisors (currently: 2 advisors) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>639 staff </li></ul>
  6. 6. Duties of K P K (Article 6) ‏ The KPK's Duties (Article 6 Law No.30 year 2002) ‏ Monitoring (Article 14) ‏ Prevention (Article 13) ‏ Pre-investigation, Investigation & Prosecution (Article 11) ‏ Supervision (Article 8) ‏ Coordination (Article 7) ‏
  7. 7. KPK’s Anti-Corruption Mechanism (Law no 30/2002) ‏ Mandates Article 6 To coordinate Article 7 To supervise Article 8 To pre-investigate, to investigate, to prosecute Article 11 To prevent Article 13 To review systems Article 14 <ul><li>Attorney General </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Audit </li></ul><ul><li>All Inspectorate Generals </li></ul><ul><li>others </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney General </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Audit </li></ul><ul><li>All Inspectorate Generals </li></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies which render public services </li></ul><ul><li>All powers granted to other LEA by the Law of Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Certain powers which are not granted to other LEA </li></ul>
  8. 8. Criminal Justice System KPK/CEC Law 30/2002 POLICE Law 2/2002 AGO Law 16/2004 Pre Investigation Investigation Prosecution Special Anti Corruption Court (First, Appeal, Supreme) ‏ Prison Pre Investigation Investigation Investigation Prosecution KPK is authorized to conduct pre-investigations, investigations, and prosecutions against corruption cases that: <ul><li>Involving law enforcers, state officials, and other individuals connected to corrupt acts perpetrated by law enforcer or state officials; </li></ul><ul><li>Have generated significant public concern; and/or </li></ul><ul><li>Have State Lost at least IDR 1,000,000,000 (more than US$ 110,000). </li></ul>Pre Investigation
  9. 9. FORESTRY ACTORS <ul><li>Preperators of illegal logging without license </li></ul><ul><li>Preperators with legal license (logging outside the permitted location) </li></ul><ul><li>Preperators with legal license (illegally granting licenses) </li></ul>
  10. 10. FOREST ISSUE Initial process End Result Local Issue Global Issue Finished Forest Product Production and Sales Process Abroad
  11. 11. State Lost State Official Private Illegal Forestry Bussiness Corruption in Illegal Forestry Bussiness Process K P K
  12. 12. conspiration CORRUPTION Law 41/1999 on Forestry Law 31/1999 on Corruption Eradication FORESTRY CRIMES “ Lex specialis derogat lex generalis” Private (corporation or individuals) State Officials (functions of supervision, regulation and licensing) FORESTRY
  13. 13. <ul><li>Ministry of Forestry Officer and every officer that have authority in Forestry Management have to comply with all Forestry Law and Rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Forest is part of State Wealth (Article 33 Indonesian Constitution) </li></ul><ul><li>Person or Company that hold unlawful forestry license and get profit from any forestry crime. </li></ul>Corruption Eradication Act in Forestry Crime
  14. 14. Definition of Financial State <ul><li>Based on the explanation of Law Number 31 of the year 1999, the General section, the losses of financial state given limitedly restrictions, namely: &quot;Financial state in question all the wealth of the country in any form, separated or not separated, which includes all parts of the country's wealth and all the rights and obligations arising from. </li></ul>
  15. 15. LCE in Forestry crime <ul><li>State apparatus/officials in Forestry: </li></ul><ul><li>Article 2 and 3 LCE (Law on Corruption Eradication): caused state losses </li></ul><ul><li>Article 11 and 12 (a) and (b) LCE : receive a payment (bribery) </li></ul><ul><li>Article 5 (1) and (2) : give or promise something to state apparatus (bribery) </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>COURT VERDICT (FINAL & BINDING) : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kalimantan Case (SAF – Former East Kalimantan Governor, MTS, UUA & RBN) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sumatera Case (TAJ – Pelalawan Head of Regent) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ON TRIAL : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Head of The Regional Office of Riau's Ministry of Forestry Case (AR) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BEING INVESTIGATED : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Siak Head of Regent (AAS), Head of The Regional Office of Riau's Ministry of Forestry Case (ST & BH) </li></ul></ul>FORESTRY CASES THAT HANDLED BY KPK
  17. 17. <ul><li>“ Any activity in the case of illegal exploitation of timber in a contravention of law, there have been losses to the state at least at the economic value of the logged timber.” </li></ul>Expert Statement Opinion about State losses within Forestry Crime
  18. 18. <ul><li>Case Background : </li></ul><ul><li>Provide unlawful recommendation for Palm Oil Plantation, ( 1 Million Ha) </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary Right Approval in Forest Plantation Business (temporary HPHTP) and Timber Utilization License (IPK) provided by Governor. (should receive Permit of Release Forest Area from Minister of Forestry. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Principal Approval for Land Clearing and Timber Utilization, provide dispensation for Bank Guarantee Submission Obligation of PSDH-DR IPK to companies of Surya Dumai Group in 2008 as well. </li></ul>KALIMANTAN CASE
  19. 19. Government Policy Conspiration Companies – Gov. App. Unlawful Recommendation and approval Dispensation of Bank Guarantee Logging State Loss KALIMANTAN CASE
  20. 20. KALIMANTAN CASE <ul><li>Breaching of : </li></ul><ul><li>Forestry and Plantation Technical Rules in Government Regulation No. 6/1999 on Forestry Business and Forestry Product Collection in Forest of Production; </li></ul><ul><li>Decree of Minister of Forestry and Plantation No: 538/Kpts-II/1999, 12 July 1999 on Timber Utilization License; </li></ul><ul><li>Decree of Minister of Forestry and Plantation No : 107/Kpts-II/1999, 3 March 1999 on Plantation Business License; </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Decree of Minister of Forestry, Minister of Agriculture, and Head of National Land Affairs Office No: 364/Kpts-II/1999, 519/Kpts/HK. 050/7/90 23-VIII-1990, 23 July 1990 on Rules of Forest Area Disposal and Lease Rights for Agriculture Business Development; </li></ul><ul><li>Decree of Minister of Forestry and Plantation No: 376/Kpts-II/1998, 8 April 1998 on Criteria of Forest Procurement for Palm Oil Plantation Cultivation; </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclic of Directorate General of Forest Production No: 1709/VI-PHH/1999, 27 July 1999 on Bank Guarantee Submission Obligation for Reforestation Funds and Forest Resources Provision for the Holder of Timber Utilization License. </li></ul>
  21. 21. KALIMANTAN CASE <ul><li>Infringement of Article 2 section (1) Jo. Article 18 Corruption Eradication Criminal Act Jo. Article 55 section (1) Number-1 Jo. Article 64 section (1) Criminal Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Infringement of Article 3 Jo. Article 18 Law of Corruption Eradication Criminal Act Jo. Article 55 section (1) Number-1 Jo. Article 64 section (1) Criminal Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Total State Lost are Rp346.823.970.564,24 </li></ul><ul><li>Court Verdict: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor 4 year Imprisonment and Rp250.000.000 Fined. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Company Director 18 months Imprisonment and Rp.346,8 B Fined. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head Office of The Forestry Departement and Head of The Regional Office Ministry of Forestry each 4 Years Imprisonment and Rp. 200.000.000,- fined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asset Recovered Rp346.8 B (USD 42 Million) </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. RIAU CASE (SUMATERA) Background Case : The unlawful issue of timber utilization licence of forest plantation for several companies which have already breached Technical Rules in Decree of Ministry of Forestry No. 10.1/Kpts-II/2000, 6 November 2000 on Guidance of IUPHHKHT Issue and Decree of Ministry of Forestry No. 21/Kpts-II/2001, 31 January 2001 on Criteria and Standard for Production Forest.
  23. 23. Government Policy Established Companies Obtaining License of Forest Timber Utilization Take Over Logging State Loss SUMATERA CASE Planting 8 Companies 7 Companies
  24. 24. SUMATERA CASE <ul><li>Infringement of Article 2 section (1) Jo. Article 18 Corruption Eradication Criminal Act Jo. Article 55 section (1) Number-1 Jo. Article 64 section (1) Criminal Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Infringement of Article 3 Jo. Article 18 Law of Corruption Eradication Criminal Act Jo. Article 55 section (1) Number-1 Jo. Article 64 section (1) Criminal Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Total State Lost are Rp 1.208.625.819.554,22 </li></ul><ul><li>(USD 131 Million) </li></ul><ul><li>Court Verdict: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11 Years Imprisonment and Rp 500.000.000,- Fined and additional sentence to pay compensation for Rp 12.367.780.000,- </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Other Bribery Case on Forestry <ul><li>AAN (member of the House Commission IV, which oversees forestry, agriculture and fisheries) receive a payment from AZW (regency secretary of Bintan) with the aim of persuading commision to give a recommendation on Forest Conversion Permit in Bintan by the Ministry of Ferest. </li></ul><ul><li>IBR (Jakarta High Administrative Court Judge) receive a payment from DLS (Enterpreneur on Palm Oil) and ADS (Lawyer of DLS) with the aim of persuading the Judgement on winning a land dispute against the Jakarta City Administration. </li></ul>
  26. 26. RECOMENDATION <ul><li>Strong Supervision of the government apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Price adjustment in accordance of international standard on the provision of forest resources </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Asset Recovery for deterrence </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation beyond the border & implementation of affirmative action </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange information and notice on blacklisted and non-ecofriendly product/company. </li></ul><ul><li>International Environmental Commitment. </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonization of Regulation and Law on Forestry </li></ul>
  27. 27. Thank you