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types of electric vehicles ppt

Creating a PowerPoint presentation on the "Types of Electric Vehicles" can be a useful way to educate your audience about the various electric vehicle (EV) technologies available. Here's a short description for each type of electric vehicle that you can include in your presentation: Slide 1: Title Title: "Types of Electric Vehicles" Slide 2: Introduction Briefly introduce the topic and its importance. Mention the environmental and economic benefits of electric vehicles. Slide 3: Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) Describe BEVs as vehicles that run solely on electric power. Highlight their zero-emission nature. Mention examples like Tesla Model 3 and Nissan Leaf. Slide 4: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) Explain PHEVs as vehicles that combine an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. Emphasize their ability to drive on electric power and gasoline. Mention examples like the Chevrolet Volt. Slide 5: Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Define HEVs as vehicles with both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. Explain how they use regenerative braking to charge the battery. Mention examples like the Toyota Prius. Slide 6: Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) Describe FCEVs as vehicles that use hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity to power the electric motor. Emphasize their zero-emission nature and fast refueling times. Mention examples like the Toyota Mirai. Slide 7: E-Bikes and E-Scooters Explain that electric bicycles (e-bikes) and electric scooters (e-scooters) are becoming popular forms of electric mobility. Discuss their role in last-mile transportation. Slide 8: Commercial Electric Vehicles Mention electric buses, trucks, and delivery vans. Explain how commercial EVs contribute to reducing emissions in urban areas. Slide 9: Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Highlight the importance of charging infrastructure for EV adoption. Discuss the types of chargers (Level 1, Level 2, DC fast chargers). Slide 10: Government Incentives Explain government incentives and subsidies for electric vehicle adoption. Mention tax credits, rebates, and other benefits. Slide 11: Environmental Benefits Discuss how electric vehicles contribute to reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Highlight the positive impact on local air quality. Slide 12: Cost of Ownership Compare the total cost of ownership of electric vehicles to traditional gasoline vehicles. Mention savings on fuel and maintenance. Slide 13: Challenges and Future Outlook Address challenges such as range anxiety, charging infrastructure gaps, and battery disposal. Discuss the future outlook of electric vehicles and advancements in technology. Slide 14: Conclusion

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S. B. Jain Institute of Technology, Management & Research, Nagpur
Department of Electrical Engineering
UNIT 6
Types of Electric Cars
Corse Name – Electrical Engineering Year / Sem –First /2nd
Date of activity – 28|08|2021 Section – E
Roll No & Name of Student -- 528 UKE CHAITALI
ELECTRIC
VEHICLE
There are 4 (four) types of electric cars –
 Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)
 Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
 Hybrid
1. Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
Types of Electric Cars
3
4
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
A Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), also called All-Electric
Vehicle (AEV), runs entirely on a battery and electric drive train.
This types of electric cars do not have an ICE. Electricity is
stored in a large battery pack that is charged by plugging
into the electricity grid. The battery pack, in turn,
provides power to one or more electric motors
to run the electric car.
5
Architecture and Main Components of BEV
Components of BEV
 Electric motor
 Inverter
 Battery
 Control Module
 Drive train
6

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types of electric vehicles ppt

  • 1. S. B. Jain Institute of Technology, Management & Research, Nagpur Department of Electrical Engineering UNIT 6 Types of Electric Cars Corse Name – Electrical Engineering Year / Sem –First /2nd Date of activity – 28|08|2021 Section – E Roll No & Name of Student -- 528 UKE CHAITALI
  • 3. There are 4 (four) types of electric cars –  Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)  Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)  Hybrid 1. Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) 2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Types of Electric Cars 3
  • 4. 4
  • 5. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) A Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), also called All-Electric Vehicle (AEV), runs entirely on a battery and electric drive train. This types of electric cars do not have an ICE. Electricity is stored in a large battery pack that is charged by plugging into the electricity grid. The battery pack, in turn, provides power to one or more electric motors to run the electric car. 5
  • 6. Architecture and Main Components of BEV Components of BEV  Electric motor  Inverter  Battery  Control Module  Drive train 6
  • 7. Working Principles of BEV  Power is converted from the DC battery to AC for the electric motor  The accelerator pedal sends a signal to the controller which adjusts the vehicle’s speed by changing the frequency of the AC power from the inverter to the motor  The motor connects and turns the wheels through a cog  When the brakes are pressed or the electric car is decelerating, the motor becomes an alternator and produces power, which is sent back to the battery Examples of BEV Volkswagen e-Golf, Tesla Model 3, BMW i3, Chevy Bolt, Chevy Spark, Nissan LEAF, Ford Focus Electric, Hyundai Ioniq, Karma Revera, Kia Soul, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Tesla X, Toyota Rav4. 7
  • 8. Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) 8 This type of hybrid cars is often called as standard hybrid or paralel hybrid. HEV has both an ICE and an electric motor. In this types of electric cars, internal combustion engine gets energy from fuel (gasoline and others type of fuels), while the motor gets electricity from batteries. The gasoline engine and electric motor simultaneously rotate the transmission, which drives the wheels. The difference between HEV compared to BEV and PHEV is where the batteries in HEV can only charged by the ICE, the motion of the wheels or a combination of both.There is no charging port, so that the battery cannot be recharged from outside of the system, for example from the electricity grid.
  • 9. Architecture and Main Components of HEV Components of HEV  Engine  Electric motor  Battery pack with controller & inverter  Fuel tank  Control module 9
  • 10. Working Principles of HEV • Has a fuel tank that supplies gas to the engine like a regular car • It also has a set of batteries that run an electric motor • Both the engine and electric motor can turn the transmission at the same time Examples of HEV Honda Civic Hybrid, Toyota Prius Hybrid, Honda Civic Hybrid, Toyota Camry Hybrid. 10
  • 11. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)  PHEV is a type of hybrid vehicle that both an ICE and a motor, often called as series hybrid. This types of electric cars offers a choice of fuels. This type of electric cars is powered by a conventional fuel (such as gasoline) or an alternative fuel (such bio-diesel) and by a rechargeable battery pack. The battery can be charged up with electricity by plugging into an electrical outlet or electric vehicle charging station (EVCS).  PHEV typically can run in at least two modes:  All-electric Mode, in which the motor and battery provide all the car’s energy  Hybrid Mode, in which both electricity and gasoline are employed.  Some PHEVs can travel more than 70 miles on electricity alone. 11
  • 12. Architecture and Main Components of PHEV Components of PHEV  Electric motor  Engine  Inverter  Battery  Fuel tank  Control module  Battery Charger (if onboard model) 12
  • 13. Working Principles of PHEV • PHEVs typically start up in all-electric mode and operate on electricity until their battery pack is depleted. Some models shift to hybrid mode when they reach highway cruising speed, generally above 60 or 70 miles per hour. Once the battery is empty, the engine takes over and the vehicle operates as a conventional, non-plug-in hybrid. Examples of PHEV Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid , Chevy Volt, Chrysler Pacifica, Ford C-Max Energi, Ford Fusion Energi, Mercedes C350e, Mercedes S550e, Mercedes GLE550e, Mini Cooper SE Countryman, Audi A3 E-Tron, BMW 330e, BMW i8, BMW X5 xdrive40e, Fiat 500e, Hyundai Sonata, Kia Optima, Porsche Panamera S E-hybrid, Volvo XC90 T8. 13
  • 14. Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs), also known as fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) or Zero Emission Vehicle, are types of electric cars that employ ‘fuel cell technology’ to generate the electricity required to run the vehicle. In this type of vehicles, the chemical energy of the fuel is converted directly into electric energy. 14
  • 15. Architecture and Main Components of FCEV Components of FCEV  Electric motor  Fuel-cell stack  Hydrogen storage tank  Battery with converter and controller 15
  • 16. Working Principles of FCEV The working principle of a ‘fuel cell’ electric car is different compared to that of a ‘plug-in’ electric car. This types of electric cars is because the FCEV generates the electricity required to run this vehicle on the vehicle itself. Examples of FCEV Toyota Mirai, Hyundai Tucson FCEV, Riversimple Rasa, Honda Clarity Fuel Cell, Hyundai Nexo. 16