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CCAFS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013


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CCAFS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013

  1. 1. 1Led byCCAFS: Phase 2June 2013
  2. 2. 2Led byOverviewClimate challengesOverarching theory ofchangeProgramimplementation
  3. 3. 3Led byIn 15 years there will be another billionpeople to feedA billion people go hungryAnother billion suffer nutrient deficienciesAnother billion over-consume
  4. 4. 4Led byLength of growingseasonTo 2090, taking 14climate modelsFour degree rise>20% loss5-20% lossNo change5-20% gain>20% gainThornton et al. (2010) Proc. National Academy Science
  5. 5. 5Led byWeathercatastrophesSource: Munich RE NatCatSERVICE
  6. 6. 6Led by19-29%globalGHGs fromfoodsystemsVermeulen et al. 2012Annual Review of Environment andResources (2012)
  7. 7. 7Led byIncrementaladaptationTransformational adaptationFoodsecurityMitigationAdaptationClimatevariabilityClimatechangeSynergiesand trade-offsWhole foodsystemsCCAFS plans to cover:
  8. 8. DatagenerationScenariobuildingModelingPolicyanalysisIntermediateDevelopmentOutcomesNARES, NGOs, FarmersOrgsGovernment(national, regional, local)Climate & agriculturalresearchers, modellers,crop breedersImplement, outscaleand share improvedclimate andagricultural practicesinformationResearch partnerstake up strategiesand alternativesPolicy & institutionalsupportIncorporate CCAFSscience into adaptation &mitigation plans andprovide investmentsupportStrengthen capacity ofstakeholders and spurinstitutional innovations1.Gender2.Adaptive capacity3.Policies4.Food security5.MitigationGeneric CCAFS Theory ofChangeClimateinformationservices &safety netsPoliciesandinstitutionsActionresearchLowemissionsdevelopmentClimate-smartpractices
  9. 9. DatagenerationScenariobuildingModelingPolicyanalysisIDOsNARES, NGOs, FarmersOrgsGovernment(national, regional, local)Climate & agriculturalresearchers, modellers,crop breedersMultistakeholderinnovation systems:Test and improveinstitutions andincentivesScenarios: andvisioning: food,energy & landuseStrengthencapacity for GHGmeasurementand reporting1.Gender3. Policies5. MitigationFP #3: Low emissions agriculturaldevelopmentTools toidentifyoptions &trade-offsCommoditysustainabilityinitiativesActionresearchNAMAs andclimatefinanceGHGmeasurement& data
  10. 10. 10Led byVision: Improved incomes and food security through climate resilient, sustainable agriculturalintensification that balances conservation and commercial utilization of landPartners: NARO, ABCIC, NACCRI, NALPRI,Sokoine and Makerere Universities, CIAT, IFPRI,IWMI, ICRAFConstraints to next-users achieving the visionInstitutional challengesLimited policy engagementInadequate structures that link CGIAR centres andNARS/attitude issues that depict CGAIR beingdominant over NARSInadequate capacities of the NARSEnd-user challengesCounterfeit agricultural inputs (due to lack ofregulation, corruption)Land tenure issuesLow productivityMarginalization of women in land tenure, control ofresources, household decision-makingPartner gaps: MAAIF, Insurance companies,Private sector, Climate change secretariat, LocalNGOs, Farmer organizations, NAADS,Credit/banks, International NGOs, LocalGovernmentOutcomes that address next-user constraintsCCAFS Rakai expands its base of partners andshifts focus to vulnerability and empowermentCGIAR centres Identify new strategies for engagingNARS in the co-production of knowledgeNext-users engage in equitable policy processescorresponding to levels of researchinterventionsDecision-makers establish an enablingenvironment for equitable access access anduse of land that ensures tenureEnd-users take advantage of multiplediversification options supported by next-users,including off-farm incomeNext-users support agricultural intensificationthrough pathways that reduce vulnerability andincrease equityHigh value climate smart agriculture optionsShaded coffee systems  Integrated soil fertility management  Water harvesting  Crop diversification/shifts Wetland management/protection  Land use laws
  11. 11. 11Led byFP 1: Climate-smart practices• Improved technologies and practices for climate-smartagriculture• Methods, approaches and capacity for local adaptationplanning• Innovative mechanisms for scaling up and out, includingbuilding local capacity to innovate
  12. 12. 12Led byFP 2: Climate Information Services andClimate-Informed Safety Nets• Methods of improving near-term climate forecasts• Methods of communicating climate information andadvisories• Climate-informed insurance products for women andmen farmers• Tools and options to manage the whole food system
  13. 13. 13Led byFP 4: Policies and institutions forresilient food systems• Data, models and scenarios to understand impacts ofclimate change• Decision support tools for targeting policy developmentand making investment choices• Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of current andemerging national to global policy
  14. 14. 14Led byProgram implementation
  15. 15. FP 1: Climate-smart practicesFP 2: Climateinformationservices andclimate-informedsafety netsFP 3: LowemissionsdevelopmentFP 4: Policies andinstitutions for aresilient foodsystem20 million farmers have transformedtheir agricultural practices to beclimate-smartBuild the resilience of 10 millionfarmers to climate-related riskBy 202325 countries will have enablingagricultural, climate change andfood security policies, with a 50%increase in investments20% reduction of GHGemissions while enhancing foodsecurity in at least sevencountries
  16. 16. 16Led byWhere CCAFSworks
  17. 17. Strategic selection of partnersbased on impact pathwaysJune 2013
  18. 18. Budget ($ million)Flagship 2015-20173-yearbudget2018-20203-yearbudget2021-20233-yearbudgetTotal9-yearbudget• Climate-smart practices 60 63 45 168• Climate informationservices and climate-informed safety nets33 36 40 109• Low-emissionsagriculturaldevelopment30 40 60 130• Policies and institutionsfor resilient foodsystems39 27 27 93Totals 162 166 172 50030% to partners Assume 30-40% bilateral
  19. 19. 19Led byGrounding the flagships in national realities:CIAT-CCAFS-Ministry of Agriculture Agreement onIntegrative analysis of production systems inColombia for adaptation to climateJune 2013
  20. 20. 20Led byA climate adaptation partnershipwww.aclimatesectoragrpecuariocolombiano.orgUnite effort, resources and capacity between the Ministry and CIAT-CCAFS to strengthen the agricultural and livestock sector to adapt toclimate change, and improve the resource use-efficiency in prioritisedproduction systems- US$8m, 18 months, 11 national partners, 3 internationalpartners- “CCAFS Colombia”, 4 themes
  21. 21. 21Led byFlagship 1: Climate-smart practices• Multi-site evaluation of varieties within- and out- ofseason for maize, beans, rice, cassava and potato• Quantifying benefits of different options: water andcarbon footprints• Site-specific management approaches to adaptationthrough farmer-farmer learning• Modelling varietal response and scaling potentialtechnological options nationally
  22. 22. 22Led byFlagship 2: Climate information services• Development of Colombia’s first agroclimatic forecasts• Partnerships with Brazil and US on modelling approachesfor seasonal forecasting• Crop model application with local varieties and evaluatedthrough trials• Piloting with rice and maize grower organisations in 2 sites• South-south learning: Colombia-Senegal knowledgeexchange
  23. 23. 23Led byUsing Eta seasonal forecastsand crop models for agricultural risk management
  24. 24. 24Led byFlagship 3: Low carbon development• Quantifying carbon footprints of different systems:• Potato with and without conservation agriculture• Silvopastoral systems versus pasture systems• “Campesino” agriculture• Fruit tree systems• Development of 2 NAMAs for pasture reconversion andone other topic of importance to the Ministry ofAgriculture• Business model for mitigation in the agriculturalsector
  25. 25. 25Led byFlagship 4: Policies and institutions• Significant training and capacity building of Ministries,agrometeorological institutions, farmer organisations andagricultural researchers• Directly informing the agricultural sectorial plan foradaptation under development (with the NationalPlanning Department)
  26. 26. 26Led byAfter 6 months:• 9 partners brought into the alliance• 52 municipalities with on the ground activities• 16 departments• > 500 experimental plots in 20 locations• > 70 materials being evaluated• > 200 on farm participatory research sites• > 40 events (workshops, meetings, events) with 660participants from 32 institutions• 97 researchers working on the project
  27. 27. 27Led byOverall frameworkClimateresilienceBaselineAdaptedtechnologiesAdaptedtechnologies+Climate-specificmanagementAdaptedtechnologies+Climate-specificmanagement+SeasonalagroclimaticforecastsAdaptedtechnologies+Climate-specificmanagement+Seasonalagroclimaticforecasts+EnablingenvironmentNAPs andNAMAsClimate smartness
  28. 28. CCAFS: The gender outcome challengePatti KristjansonLinking Knowledge with Action Research Theme Leader
  29. 29. Strengthening reg/nat’l farmers orgsvoice in CCAFS policiesInclusive local forward planning(e.g. using climate analogues)Policy champions & capacity in foresightanalysesAgricultural business ‘hubs’Learning alliances/platformsStrategic partnerships (e.g. FAO) &comms efforts re: LED/mitigation by &for womenLearning re: inst’s with local partners(PES and LED strategies)Co-strategy development with foodaid community (e.g. WFP)Equitable partic. research with metservices and NARESAction research with NGO’s takinggender transformative actions (e.g.CARE, PROLINNOVA)Genderdissag. data& analyses,gender-cctools & localpartnercapacitystrengthening, innovativeapproaches -participatoryvideo,TV, RadioMobiles,integr. tools,open accessK sharing,Foresight/scenariosanalyses co-devel. withPPP’sClimate-smartpracticesClimate infoservices &Climate-informedsafety netsLowEmissionsAgriculturalDevelopmentPolicies andInstitutionsfor resilientfoodsystemsIncreasedaccess toand controloverproductiveassets,inputs,information,food andmarkets;strengthenedparticipationin decision-makingprocessesCCAFS BigOutcomesFlagships (What?)OutcomePathwayGenderOutcome(IDO)Partnerships and strategies to achieveoutcomes (how & with whom?)Empowermentof women andmarginalisedgroups(Overarching)
  30. 30. 30Led byCountry/Site Theory of Changee.g. Eastern Kenya site: Climate Services focus – with: Met service, KARI,Extension, ICRISAT, ICRAF, ILRI, Media partner – Shamba Shape Up (FarmTV show watched by 11 million) – on improved seasonal forecasts + practicalag/NRM advice for climate resilience (women + men)e.g. Western Kenya site: Climate Smart Ag focus – with: CARE, Vi, KARI,CIAT, CIMMYT, ICRAF, ILRI, Partic. Action Research with Min of Ag,extension, SSU: CSA practices & comms, inst’l arrangements (groups)targeting benefits of CSA to women, youths
  31. 31. Vision: Improved incomes and food security through climate resilient, sustainableagricultural intensification that balances conservation and commercial utilization of landPartners: NARO, ABCIC, NACCRI, NALPRI, Sokoineand Makerere Universities, CIAT, IFPRI, IWMI, ICRAF,IITA, ILRIConstraints to ‘next-users’ achieving the visionInstitutional challengesLimited policy engagementInadequate structures that link CGIAR centres andNARS/attitude issues that depict CGIAR beingdominant over NARSInadequate capacities of the NARSEnd-user challengesCounterfeit agricultural inputs (due to lack of regulation,corruption)Land tenure issuesLow productivityMarginalization of women in land tenure, control ofresources, household decision-makingPartner gaps: MAAIF, Insurance companies, Privatesector, Climate change secretariat, Local NGOs, Farmerorganizations, NAADS, Credit/banks, InternationalNGOs, Local GovernmentStrategies that address ‘next-user’ constraintsCCAFS Rakai expands its base of partners and shiftsfocus to vulnerability and empowermentCGIAR catalyzes new engagement with NARS basedupon co-production of knowledgeNext-users engage in equitable policy processesinformed by research evidenceDecision-makers establish an enabling environment forequitable access access to and use of land thatensures tenureEnd-users take advantage of multiple diversificationoptions supported by next-users, including off-farmincomeNext-users support agricultural intensification throughpathways that reduce vulnerability and increaseequityHigh value climate smart agriculture options (scaleable outputs)Shaded coffee systems  Integrated soil fertility management  Water harvesting  Crop diversification/shifts Wetland management/protection  Land use lawse.g. a more ‘Bottom-up’ Theory of Change for CCAFS’s ‘Rakai’ site in S. Central Uganda
  32. 32. 32Led byBig Data in Climate Change andAgriculture:CCAFS commitment to open accessagriculture
  33. 33. 33Led byData management in CCAFS• Making good quality data available as soon aspossible: open access (CGIAR policy)• Linking with other partners and other websites andtools as much as possible• Making best use of existing databases:interoperability• Fostering new and innovative approaches to dataproduction, storage, archiving and use
  34. 34. 34Led byCCAFS Data Management Strategy- Make available quality-assured “Data+” to potential users now andwell into the future- Encourage harmonization so that different data can be broughttogether to enrich understanding of processes, outcomes, impacts- Set out a pathway for building a useful, complete and accessiblerepository of data for future research- To guide CCAFS in designing and implementing data supportmechanismsData generated by research plus documentation that enables them to be used infuture (e.g. methods for data collection/generation, computer programs for dataprocessing, data quality assessment, metadata)
  35. 35. 35Led byEnabling a data sharing culture- Promote the benefits of bettermanaging and sharing data (increasedvisibility, reputation) and documentwhere possible (data download stats)- Reflect “publishing” of data and toolsin performance assessment- Promote international citationstandards for data- Develop improved metadata and data“self-documenting” technologies
  36. 36. 36Led byBaseline Surveys:Documenting regional challenges and local knowledge36 sites, 252 villages, with 5,040householdsBetter understanding of local andregional differences to guideselection of best-bet technologiesClarifies social differentiation ofaccess to natural resources andinfrastructure through participatoryinterpretation of satellite imageryFormal baseline for future programassessment
  37. 37. 37Led byPublic data!4517 trials20000 varieties/racesCalibration, validation of cropmodelsExploration and testing ofadaptation options- Genetic improvement- On-farm managementpracticesAssess technology transferoptionsBuild “adaptation packages”Agtrialshttp://agtrials.orgPartners:CIAT – beans, forages, cassavaTSBF – maize (AfSIS)CIP – potatoes, sweet potatoesBioversity – bananasICRISAT – sorghum, millet, groundnutsICARDA – lentils, faba beans, barley, durum wheat, chickpeasILRI – animal trialsIRRI – riceAfricaRice – riceIITA – cassavaGeneration Challenge Programme – CropOntologyIER (Mali) – sorghum, milletARC (South Africa) – beansMonsanto – maizeAgMIP – crop model validation trialsMACCSUR (FACCE JPI) – crop model validation trials
  38. 38. 38Led byCCAFS-Climate.orgHouses global datasets of downscaled climate change projectionsfor impact assessment studies. Data have been produced byseveral CG centres using different methods.
  39. 39. 39Led byAMKN PlatformThe Adaptation and Mitigation Knowledge Network: a platform for accessing andsharing agricultural adaptation and mitigation knowledge. Use for aggregating,visualising and interconnecting research outputs from CCAFS and partners.
  40. 40. 40Led byData and Knowledge PortalsClimate information (• 27,000 visitors• Users downloaded over 28 terabytes ofclimate data• Data cited 37 times in peer-reviewedjournal articlesAgricultural evaluation information (• 6,300 total visits• Over 3,000 files were uploaded• Users downloaded 8.33 gigabytes of dataSocio-economic information (Dataverse –Baseline Surveys)• Over 3000 total downloads of CCAFSBaseline Data
  41. 41. 41Led by
  42. 42. 42Led by