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Farms-of-the-Future approach to accelerating climate change adaptation: case study from CCAFS in East and West Africa


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Presented by Dr Abdoulaye Saley Moussa, Science Officer, CCAFS West Africa. Africa Agriculture Science Week 6, 15 July 2013, Accra, Ghana

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Farms-of-the-Future approach to accelerating climate change adaptation: case study from CCAFS in East and West Africa

  1. 1. Farms-of-the-Future: an innovative approach to strengthening adaptive capacity Abdoulaye Saley Moussa1, Maren Radeny2 and Osana Bonilla-Findji3 1ICRISAT/CCAFS West Africa Regional Program 2ILRI/CCAFS East Africa Regional Program 3CIAT/CCAFS
  2. 2. Outline   o  Farming  systems  in  East  and  West   Africa   o  Farms  of  the  future  approach   o  Analogue  tool   o  Exchange  visits   o  Lessons  learned  
  3. 3. Farming  systems  in  EA  and  WA   o  Small-­‐scale  subsistence  agriculture   o  Limited  use  of  inputs  /  fer?lizer   o  Highly  vulnerability  to  climate   variability  and  change     o  reduced  crop  yields,     o  food  insecurity   o  Coping  strategies     o  Challenges  of  adapta?on:   o  Access  to  informa4on,  knowledge,   technologies   o  Planning  for  an  unknown  future  
  4. 4. Farming  systems  in  East  and  West  Africa   Past  experiences,   impacts  to  define   adapta?on  strategies   What  if  tomorrow?   How  to  plan  knowing   tomorrow  (climate   area/region/ technologies/ informa?on,  etc.)   Farms  of  the  Future   Past     Future    
  5. 5. • 70% of expected future climates already exist somewhere else • Facilitates exchange of knowledge, technology, and practices between analogue sites The 2030 climate of a maize- growing area near Durban will correspond to the current climate of a major maize-growing area in Argentina. Growers in Durban can learn from these analogous climates how to adapt as their climate shifts. Climate  Analogues:  finding  future  climates  for  poten;al  adapta;on to  connect  farmers  to  their  possible  climate  futures  via  farm  visits  which   would  enable  them  to  build  a  mental  picture  of  what  their  climate  and   farming  systems  might  look  like  in  the  future   Farms  of  the  Future  
  6. 6.              Farms  of  the  Future     o  Devise,  test  and  validate  the  "Farms  of  the  Future"   approach  built  on  farmer-­‐  to-­‐farmer  exchanges  to   analogue  sites  as  a  valuable  op?on  to  improve  adap?ve   capacity  and  support  knowledge  transfer   o  Improve  understanding  of  local  prac?ces  and  available   tools  for  enabling  change,  as  well  as  cultural,  economic,  or   ins?tu?onal  obstacles  to  such  adap?ve  change    
  7. 7. •  15 farmers and 5 policy- makers from Lushoto in the northern highlands, travelled to Mbinga in the southern highlands. •  Climatic analogues – locations where the current climate is very similar to Lushoto’s projected future climate (20 – 30 years ) •  Ongoing adaptation strategies and management practices hPp://­‐mans-­‐future-­‐another-­‐mans-­‐present-­‐farms-­‐future-­‐hits-­‐tanzania   Farms  of  the  Future:  Farmer  to  farmer  exchange  visits  to  enhance  adapta6on   learning  using  the  Analogues  tool  in  Lushoto
  8. 8. Other  Strategies:   •  Tree  nurseries  in  Mwi?kilwa   •  Improved  stoves  in  Sepukila   •  Beekeeping  enterprise  in  Mtama     •  Avocado,  banana,  and  maize  trials  in  Nyombo  village   Weather  sta6on  in  Mwi6kilwa    Women  preparing  “matengo”  pits  in  Sepukila     Ø  Par;cipatory  video  recording  by  the  farmers  for  the  farmers     Other  learning  experiences  from  the  Farmer-­‐to-­‐Farmer  exchange  visit   in  Tanzania
  9. 9. Farms-­‐of-­‐The-­‐Future  :  A  Journey  to  plausible   futures  of  Doggoh  (Ghana)  
  10. 10. Learning  experiences  from  the  Farmer-­‐to-­‐Farmer  exchange  visit   in  Burkina  Faso •  20  farmers  (men  and  women)  and  AIS   •  Agricultural  diversifica?on  and   intensifica?on  Agri-­‐business   •  Food  processing  (cassava)   •  Soil  and  water  conserva?on   •  Integrated  system  (agro-­‐forestry+SWC)   •  Farmers  organiza?on   •  Land  issues  
  11. 11. LESSONS  LEARNED   1.  Give  priority  to  farmers'  voice,  foster  farmer-­‐to-­‐farmer  learning     •  Support  the  farmers  to  share  their  findings  from  their  study  tour  with   their  own  communi?es   •  Par?cipatory  video:  important  tool  for  suppor?ng  farmers  to  document   their  own  learning     2.  Communica?ng  climate  science  is  challenging:  need  to  find   appropriate  ins?tu?onal  frameworks   •  E.g.  The  GTP  
  12. 12. LESSONS  LEARNED   1.  Building  adap?ve  capacity  requires    ins?tu?onal,  structural  and   policy  change     2.  Strong  engagement  of  actors  across  the  agricultural  innova?on   system  as  adap?ve  capacity  strengthening  cannot  be  achieved   by  farmers  alone.       ⇒ Climate-­‐smart  villages  Model    
  13. 13. THANK  YOU       I’m  very  glad  that  I’m  one  of  the   par?cipant.  In  fact,  we’re  joking  in   Ghana.    See  how  Burkinabe  are   figh?ng  the  nega?ve  impact  of   climate  change.    Growing  trees   using  the  technique  by  Mr  Aziz   with  OM  produc?on  using  crop   residue  and  household  waste  is   what  I’ll  start  first.    Really,  the  tour   is  useful  to  me.  Many  thanks  to   Burkinabe  farmers!!!       I  ask  us  too  of  Yamba   village  we  should  conserve   our  environment  by   plan?ng  trees.  “I  was  very   happy  with  this  trip  and  I   have  learnt  a  lot…