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Visualizing North America's Changing Environment

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A workshop conducted by Karen Richardson on using the Commission for Environmental Cooperation's North American Environmental Atlas to visualize environmental change. More information at http://www.cec.org/naatlas

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Visualizing North America's Changing Environment

  1. 1. Visualizing North America’sChanging EnvironmentKaren RichardsonProgram Manager, Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystemsand North American Environmental AtlasCommission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC)
  2. 2. Commission for EnvironmentalCooperation (CEC, CCE, CCA)www.cec.org• CEC is an intergovernmental organizationcreated by Canada, Mexico and the UnitedStates under the North American Agreement onEnvironmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to addressenvironmental issues of continental concern.• The Agreement complements the environmentalprovisions of the North American Free TradeAgreement (NAFTA) in 1994• Three countries. One environment.
  3. 3. Commission for EnvironmentalCooperation (CEC, CCE, CCA)www.cec.org• The CEC was established to protect theenvironment of North America and the healthof its citizens.• It brings together governments, civil society andbusinesses to develop innovative NorthAmerican solutions to global environmentalchallenges.• Secretariat based in Montreal• Reports to highest environment officials in eachcountry
  4. 4. Commission for EnvironmentalCooperation (CEC, CCE, CCA)www.cec.orgProgram of Work• Healthy Communities and Ecosystems• Climate Change – Low-Carbon Economy• Greening the Economy in North America
  5. 5. Workshop Goals1. Familiarize users with the North AmericanEnvironmental Atlas (www.cec.org/naatlas)2. Demonstrate how different layers can beused to visualize environmental issues andchange across North America3. Explore different formats for geo-spatialanalyses using reliable data4. Explore different examples and relatedresourceswww.cec.org/naatlas
  6. 6. Part One: The NorthAmerican Environmental Atlas
  7. 7. Commission for Environmental Cooperation
  8. 8. What is the North AmericanEnvironmental Atlas?• An interactive mapping and informationportal to view and analyze environmentalconditions and trends from a NorthAmerican perspective• Supports research, analysis andenvironmental decision-making at nationaland continental levels
  9. 9. WWW.CEC.ORG/NAATLAS
  10. 10. Base mapsAirports Bathymetry ElevationGlaciers andSea IceLakes andRiversPoliticalBoundariesPopulatedPlacesPopulationDensityRailroads Major Roads Shaded Relief Watersheds
  11. 11. Other map layersForestsGrasslandPCAsLand Cover,2005 WetlandsMarineEcoregionsMarineProtected AreasSpecies of CommonConservationConcernBaja toBering PCAsPower plantsCommercial MarineVessel EmissionsHuman Influence,MarineHuman Influence,TerrestrialTerrestrialEcosystemsMarineEcosystemsHumanInfluence /Pollution andWaste
  12. 12. Copy and Pastethis link into yourbrowser.
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Part Two: VisualizingEnvironmental Issues AcrossNorth America
  15. 15. Estimated volumes of annual CO2 emissions fromtrucks along the Mexico City to Montreal truckingcorridor for 2010 (left) and 2035 (right)
  16. 16. www.cec.org/takingstock
  17. 17. Industrial Facilities Reporting Pollutants of Special Concern (Metals, Carcinogens,Developmental/Reproductive Toxins, and/or PBTs) near Denver, Colorado
  18. 18. Marine Protected Areaswww.cec.org/marine
  19. 19. www.cec.org/mpa
  20. 20. Part Three: VisualizingEnvironmental Change AcrossNorth America
  21. 21. Land cover 2005Land cover 2010Land cover change 2005-2010
  22. 22. Case Studies:Urban Sprawl
  23. 23. 2005 Minneapolis, MN
  24. 24. 2010 Minneapolis, MN
  25. 25. Land Cover 2005Temperate or sub-polar needleaf forestMixed forestTemperate or sub-polar shrublandTemperate or sub-polar grasslandWetlandCroplandUrban and built-upWaterTemperate or sub-polar deciduous forest
  26. 26. Land Cover 2010Temperate or sub-polar needleaf forestMixed forestTemperate or sub-polar shrublandTemperate or sub-polar grasslandWetlandCroplandUrban and built-upWaterTemperate or sub-polar deciduous forest
  27. 27. ChangeTemperate or sub-polar needleaf forestMixed forestTemperate or sub-polar shrublandTemperate or sub-polar grasslandWetlandCroplandUrban and built-upWaterTemperate or sub-polar deciduous forest
  28. 28. ChangeTemperate or sub-polar needleaf forestMixed forestTemperate or sub-polar shrublandTemperate or sub-polar grasslandWetlandCroplandUrban and built-upWaterTemperate or sub-polar deciduous forest
  29. 29. Mérida, Mexico April 2005
  30. 30. Mérida, Mexico April 2010
  31. 31. Mérida Urban Sprawl (2005)YucatánCountry ClubFraccionamientoMontecarloFraccionamientoLos HéroesVillas de OrienteFraccionamientoSanta CruzPalomequeFraccionamientoPaseos de OpichenCiudad CaucelFraccionamientoLas AméricasResidencialKanasín
  32. 32. YucatánCountry ClubFraccionamientoMontecarloFraccionamientoLos HéroesVillas de OrienteFraccionamientoSanta CruzPalomequeFraccionamientoPaseos de OpichenCiudad CaucelFraccionamientoLas AméricasMérida Urban Sprawl (2010)ResidencialKanasín
  33. 33. Yucatán Country ClubVillas de OrienteFraccionamiento las AméricasCiudad CaucelFraccionamiento MontecarloFraccionamiento Paseos de Opichen
  34. 34. MRLCA1BA2Tacoma,WashingtonB1 B2
  35. 35. Case studies:Ecological change
  36. 36. Pine Beetle Damage, British Columbia, Canada2005 2010 ChangeSource: NR-Can
  37. 37. 2005Temperate or sub-polar needleaf forestMixed forestTemperate or sub-polar shrublandTemperate or sub-polar grasslandWetlandCroplandUrban and built-upWaterLand cover change
  38. 38. 2010Temperate or sub-polar needleaf forestMixed forestTemperate or sub-polar shrublandTemperate or sub-polar grasslandWetlandCroplandUrban and built-upWaterLand cover change
  39. 39. ChangeTemperate or sub-polar needleaf forestMixed forestTemperate or sub-polar shrublandTemperate or sub-polar grasslandWetlandCroplandUrban and built-upWaterLand cover change
  40. 40. Disappearing Grasslands
  41. 41. Land cover Valles centrales2005 Land CoverVallesCentrales
  42. 42. 2010 Land Cover
  43. 43. 2005-2010 Land Cover Change
  44. 44. Tarabillas Valley, in Valles Centrales GPCA, Chihuahua2006Rapid agricultural expansion in Northern Mexico2005 2010
  45. 45. Population Declines:Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) 1966-2010SpeciesAnnualChangePopulationLossMcCown’s Longspur -5.5% -92%Lark Bunting -4.4% -89%Chestnut-collared Longspur -4.4% -87%Loggerhead Shrike -3.2% -77%Mountain Plover -2.8% -72%Baird’s Sparrow -2.7% -71%Short-eared Owl -2.5% -68%Grasshopper Sparrow -2.5% -68%Sprague’s Pipit -2.4% -66%
  46. 46. Grassland Priority Conservation Area
  47. 47. Landcover change 2005-2010GrasslandShrublandBroadleaf deciduous forestNeedleaf forestWetlandCroplandBarren landsUrban and built-upWaterSnow and iceLand cover change
  48. 48. Landcover change 2005-2010Grassland Priority Conservation Areas 2010Land cover change 2005-2010
  49. 49. Change to CroplandChange to cropland
  50. 50. Exercise:Tools to Map and IdentifyVulnerable Systems1. Water Depletion in the TexasPortion of the High Plains2. Tourism Development inCancύn3. Pollutants in the ColumbiaRiver Watershed
  51. 51. Water Depletion in the Texas Portion of the High Plains Aquifer
  52. 52. What’s next?• Land cover 2005 and 2010 /Land cover change 2005-10• Book on land cover changein NA• Updating of the Protectedareas database
  53. 53. What’s next?• Land cover 2005 and 2010 /Land cover change 2005-10• Book on land cover changein NA• Updating of the Protectedareas database
  54. 54. Show 1-2 examples up close? Just one layer orcombo (e.g. PRTR + watersheds?)
  55. 55. Questions to consider1. How can this information and data help toempower communities?2. What are ways these data can be used?3. What are the different scales that need to beconsidered to be able to identify vulnerablecommunities and ecosystems?4. Looking ahead, what data are needed tounderstand new threats and to avoid unintendedconsequences?5. Recommendations to make data accessible
  56. 56. Thank youThree countries. One environment

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