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Linking Low Carbon Development Planning and Financing for Blue Carbon

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Presented by Medrilzam at Blue Carbon Summit, on 17-18 July 2018 in Jakarta, Indonesia

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Linking Low Carbon Development Planning and Financing for Blue Carbon

  1. 1. Linking Low Carbon Development Planning and Financing for Blue Carbon Dr. Medrilzam Director for Environmental Affairs, Bappenas July 17th, 2018
  2. 2. MULTI SECTORAL CONTRIBUTION 29% 41% National Effort International Support E M I S S I O N R E D U C T I O N T A R G E T B Y 2 0 3 0 Agriculture Forestry & Peatland Energy & Transport IndustryWaste Blue Carbon/ Marine New Priority Sector Perpres No. 61/2011 about RAN-GRK 2018 26% 41% E M I S S I O N R E D U C T I O N T A R G E T B Y 2 0 2 0
  3. 3. FACTS OF BLUE CARBON IN INDONESIA Indonesia is rich with blue carbon ecosystem but these ecosystems are declining MANGROVES 3.2 milion ha mangrove forests Largest in the world 950 Mg C ha-1 carbon stored in mangrove SEAGRASSES 3.0 milion ha seagrass meadows 119.5 Mg C ha-1 carbon stored in seagrass Co-benefits: • Nursery ground • Coastal protection by inducing wave energy & erosion control • Raw products • Water purification Co-benefits: • Nursery ground • Coastal protection by inducing wave energy & erosion control • Raw products Indonesia blue carbon ecosystem holds 17%of the world blue carbon reservoir which equals to 3.4 gigaton carbon This is the same as emissions from an additional Mangrove & seagrass degradation contributes annual emissions of 29,040 gigagram CO2 (eg) Threats: • Illegal logging • Deforestation for land conversion (eg aquaculture, human settlement) • Coastal reclamation Threats: • Coastal reclamation • Sedimentation • Pollution • Unsustainable mariculture 11 million car per year Source: Alongi et al. Wetlands Ecol Manage 2015
  4. 4. Green ECONOMY Dual climate mitigation & adaptation Enhancing marine conservation & sustainable management ENVIRONMENTAL VISION SDG 14: Life Below Water CLIMATE CHANGE SDG 13: Climate Action
  5. 5. DEFINITION LCD Environment EconomySocial Low Carbon Development (LCD) is a new development platform aimed for sustaining economic and social growth through low GHG emissions activities and minimizing the exploitation of natural resources. Social benefit PRK Green Growth Less Carbon Polution In the context of SDGs, LCD is an environmental pillar theme that places the achievement of Goal 13 (Climate Change) as the main base to support Goal 7 and Goal 8 (Economic Pillars), Goal 1 and Goal 4 (Social Pillars) and Goal 11.12, 14 and 15 (Environment Pillars). Blue Carbon
  6. 6. Energy Industry Agriculture Forestry Settlement Fishery Etc. Water Emission Land Use + IKLH Capacity Carrying Capacity Impact/ Pressure Availability Carrying CapacityInter-related Human Activities Sectoral Target Economy Poverty Emission Intensity GHG Emission DEVELOPMENT POLICY Trade Off Trade Off Low Carbon Development Plan (LCDP) is a set of inclusive development planning policies and low-carbon investment strategies for the RPJMN 2020-2024 and the Roadmap of SDG 2030 that encourage Indonesia to reduce the intensity of emissions and GHG Emissions Marine Biodiversity Blue Carbon Area
  7. 7. • Upah • Distribusi Pendapatan • Garis Kemiskinan • Kemiskinan POVERTY • Penduduk Kota • Penduduk Desa • Penduduk berdasarkan Umur (Tenaga Kerja) • Pendidikan POPULATION • Permintaan Energi • Eksploitasi Sumber Energi • Ketersediaan Energi • Impor Energi • Share EBT ENERGY • Air Permukaan • Air Tanah • Curah Hujan • Kualitas Air WATER • Permintaan 7 Sektor (C,G,I,X dan M) • Nilai Tambah 7 Sektor • Keterkaitan Input-Output • Inflasi/Harga ECONOMY • Lahan Hutan • Lahan Pertanian • Lahan Permukiman & Industri • Lahan Lainnya LAND USE • SD Perikanan Tangkap • SD Perikanan Budidaya • Produktivitas Perikanan Budidaya FISHERY CLIMATE GHG EMISSION BIODIVERISTY Distribusi Upah Desa-Kota Peningkatan Produktivitas Kebutuhan Energi Kebutuhan & ketersediaan dana pengentasan kemiskinan (Bantuan Sosial) TenagaKerja Kebutuhanairdomestik Ketersediaan Energi Ketersediaan Energi Ketersediaan airdomestik Ketersediaan Lahan Ketersediaan Lahan Ketersediaan air ekonomi Ketersediaan air untuk lahan Kebutuhan air untuk lahan Ketersediaan SD Perikanan Dampak Inflasi KebutuhanEnergi Kebutuhan Lahan Kebutuhan air ekonomi Kebutuhan tenagakerja Kebutuhan Lahan Kebutuhan SD Perikanan DampakPerubahanBiodiverse terhadappopulasi Emisi industri/ekonomi Emisilahan Emisienergi Dampak Perubahan Lahan terhadap Biodiversity Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap Biodiverse Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap SD Perikanan EmisiDomestik Economics stock-flows Social stock-flows Natural resources stock and flows Absortive capacity stock-flows • Prioritize analysis of linkages across multiple Goal SDGs to produce integrated development planning policies. • Supports RPJMN 2020-2024 and Roadmap SDG 2030. LCDP in KLHS and SDGs: Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Blue Carbon Linkages
  8. 8. INTERNATIONALNATIONAL FINANCIAL SUPPORT FUND MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTING INDONESIA BLUE CARBON FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK LINE MINISTRIES NATIONAL FUND INSTITUTION LOCAL GOVERNMENT SUB-NATIONAL INSTITUTION UNIVERSITY LOCAL NGO/CSO (Yagasu, etc.) INTERNATIONAL NGO/CSO (IUCN, WII, OXFAM, etc.) INTERNATIONAL FUND INSTITUTION (UNDP, etc.) NATIONAL BUDGET (APBN & APBD) PRIVATE SECTOR (CSR: PT.Pertamina, PT.Jawa Power, etc.) PHILANTHROPY BILATERAL DONOR (USA, UK, Australia, German, etc.) MULTILATERAL DONOR (GEF, GCF, AF etc.)
  9. 9. THANK YOU

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