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Linking Low Carbon Development
Planning and Financing for
Blue Carbon
Dr. Medrilzam
Director for Environmental Affairs, Bappenas
July 17th, 2018
MULTI SECTORAL CONTRIBUTION
29%
41%
National Effort
International Support
E M I S S I O N
R E D U C T I O N
T A R G E T
B Y 2 0 3 0
Agriculture
Forestry &
Peatland
Energy &
Transport
IndustryWaste
Blue Carbon/
Marine
New Priority
Sector
Perpres
No. 61/2011
about RAN-GRK
2018
26%
41%
E M I S S I O N
R E D U C T I O N
T A R G E T
B Y 2 0 2 0
FACTS OF BLUE CARBON IN INDONESIA
Indonesia is rich with blue carbon ecosystem but these ecosystems are declining
MANGROVES
3.2
milion ha
mangrove forests
Largest
in the world
950
Mg C ha-1
carbon stored
in mangrove
SEAGRASSES
3.0
milion ha
seagrass meadows
119.5
Mg C ha-1
carbon stored
in seagrass
Co-benefits:
• Nursery ground
• Coastal protection by
inducing wave energy
& erosion control
• Raw products
• Water purification
Co-benefits:
• Nursery ground
• Coastal protection by
inducing wave energy &
erosion control
• Raw products
Indonesia blue carbon ecosystem holds
17%of the world
blue carbon reservoir
which equals to
3.4 gigaton
carbon This is the same as
emissions from an additional
Mangrove & seagrass degradation
contributes annual emissions of
29,040
gigagram CO2 (eg)
Threats:
• Illegal logging
• Deforestation for land
conversion (eg aquaculture,
human settlement)
• Coastal reclamation
Threats:
• Coastal reclamation
• Sedimentation
• Pollution
• Unsustainable mariculture
11
million car per year
Source: Alongi et al. Wetlands Ecol Manage 2015
Green
ECONOMY
Dual climate
mitigation &
adaptation
Enhancing marine
conservation &
sustainable
management
ENVIRONMENTAL VISION
SDG 14: Life Below Water
CLIMATE CHANGE
SDG 13: Climate Action
DEFINITION LCD
Environment
EconomySocial
Low Carbon Development (LCD) is a new
development platform aimed for sustaining
economic and social growth through low GHG
emissions activities and minimizing the exploitation
of natural resources.
Social
benefit
PRK
Green Growth
Less Carbon Polution
In the context of SDGs, LCD is an
environmental pillar theme that places the
achievement of Goal 13 (Climate Change) as
the main base to support Goal 7 and Goal 8
(Economic Pillars), Goal 1 and Goal 4 (Social
Pillars) and Goal 11.12, 14 and 15 (Environment
Pillars).
Blue Carbon
Energy Industry
Agriculture Forestry
Settlement Fishery
Etc.
Water
Emission
Land Use
+
IKLH
Capacity
Carrying Capacity
Impact/
Pressure
Availability
Carrying CapacityInter-related Human Activities
Sectoral
Target
Economy Poverty Emission Intensity GHG Emission
DEVELOPMENT
POLICY
Trade Off
Trade Off
Low Carbon Development Plan (LCDP) is a set of inclusive development planning
policies and low-carbon investment strategies for the RPJMN 2020-2024 and the
Roadmap of SDG 2030 that encourage Indonesia to reduce the intensity of emissions
and GHG Emissions
Marine
Biodiversity
Blue Carbon Area
• Upah
• Distribusi Pendapatan
• Garis Kemiskinan
• Kemiskinan
POVERTY
• Penduduk Kota
• Penduduk Desa
• Penduduk berdasarkan Umur
(Tenaga Kerja)
• Pendidikan
POPULATION
• Permintaan Energi
• Eksploitasi Sumber Energi
• Ketersediaan Energi
• Impor Energi
• Share EBT
ENERGY
• Air Permukaan
• Air Tanah
• Curah Hujan
• Kualitas Air
WATER
• Permintaan 7 Sektor (C,G,I,X dan
M)
• Nilai Tambah 7 Sektor
• Keterkaitan Input-Output
• Inflasi/Harga
ECONOMY
• Lahan Hutan
• Lahan Pertanian
• Lahan Permukiman & Industri
• Lahan Lainnya
LAND USE
• SD Perikanan Tangkap
• SD Perikanan Budidaya
• Produktivitas Perikanan Budidaya
FISHERY
CLIMATE
GHG EMISSION
BIODIVERISTY
Distribusi Upah
Desa-Kota
Peningkatan
Produktivitas
Kebutuhan Energi
Kebutuhan & ketersediaan dana
pengentasan kemiskinan
(Bantuan Sosial)
TenagaKerja
Kebutuhanairdomestik
Ketersediaan Energi
Ketersediaan
Energi
Ketersediaan
airdomestik
Ketersediaan Lahan
Ketersediaan
Lahan
Ketersediaan air
ekonomi
Ketersediaan air
untuk lahan
Kebutuhan air untuk
lahan
Ketersediaan SD
Perikanan
Dampak Inflasi
KebutuhanEnergi
Kebutuhan Lahan
Kebutuhan air
ekonomi
Kebutuhan
tenagakerja
Kebutuhan
Lahan
Kebutuhan
SD Perikanan
DampakPerubahanBiodiverse
terhadappopulasi
Emisi industri/ekonomi
Emisilahan
Emisienergi
Dampak Perubahan Lahan
terhadap Biodiversity
Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap Biodiverse
Dampak Perubahan Iklim
terhadap
SD Perikanan
EmisiDomestik
Economics stock-flows
Social
stock-flows
Natural resources
stock and flows
Absortive capacity
stock-flows
• Prioritize analysis of linkages
across multiple Goal SDGs to
produce integrated development
planning policies.
• Supports RPJMN 2020-2024
and Roadmap SDG 2030.
LCDP in KLHS
and SDGs:
Kebijakan
Kebijakan
Kebijakan
Kebijakan
Kebijakan
Kebijakan
Kebijakan
Kebijakan
Kebijakan
Blue Carbon Linkages
INTERNATIONALNATIONAL
FINANCIAL SUPPORT FUND MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTING
INDONESIA BLUE CARBON FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK
LINE MINISTRIES
NATIONAL
FUND INSTITUTION
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
SUB-NATIONAL
INSTITUTION
UNIVERSITY
LOCAL NGO/CSO
(Yagasu, etc.)
INTERNATIONAL NGO/CSO
(IUCN, WII, OXFAM, etc.)
INTERNATIONAL
FUND INSTITUTION
(UNDP, etc.)
NATIONAL BUDGET
(APBN & APBD)
PRIVATE SECTOR
(CSR: PT.Pertamina,
PT.Jawa Power, etc.)
PHILANTHROPY
BILATERAL DONOR
(USA, UK, Australia,
German, etc.)
MULTILATERAL DONOR
(GEF, GCF, AF etc.)
THANK
YOU

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Linking Low Carbon Development Planning and Financing for Blue Carbon

  • 1. Linking Low Carbon Development Planning and Financing for Blue Carbon Dr. Medrilzam Director for Environmental Affairs, Bappenas July 17th, 2018
  • 2. MULTI SECTORAL CONTRIBUTION 29% 41% National Effort International Support E M I S S I O N R E D U C T I O N T A R G E T B Y 2 0 3 0 Agriculture Forestry & Peatland Energy & Transport IndustryWaste Blue Carbon/ Marine New Priority Sector Perpres No. 61/2011 about RAN-GRK 2018 26% 41% E M I S S I O N R E D U C T I O N T A R G E T B Y 2 0 2 0
  • 3. FACTS OF BLUE CARBON IN INDONESIA Indonesia is rich with blue carbon ecosystem but these ecosystems are declining MANGROVES 3.2 milion ha mangrove forests Largest in the world 950 Mg C ha-1 carbon stored in mangrove SEAGRASSES 3.0 milion ha seagrass meadows 119.5 Mg C ha-1 carbon stored in seagrass Co-benefits: • Nursery ground • Coastal protection by inducing wave energy & erosion control • Raw products • Water purification Co-benefits: • Nursery ground • Coastal protection by inducing wave energy & erosion control • Raw products Indonesia blue carbon ecosystem holds 17%of the world blue carbon reservoir which equals to 3.4 gigaton carbon This is the same as emissions from an additional Mangrove & seagrass degradation contributes annual emissions of 29,040 gigagram CO2 (eg) Threats: • Illegal logging • Deforestation for land conversion (eg aquaculture, human settlement) • Coastal reclamation Threats: • Coastal reclamation • Sedimentation • Pollution • Unsustainable mariculture 11 million car per year Source: Alongi et al. Wetlands Ecol Manage 2015
  • 4. Green ECONOMY Dual climate mitigation & adaptation Enhancing marine conservation & sustainable management ENVIRONMENTAL VISION SDG 14: Life Below Water CLIMATE CHANGE SDG 13: Climate Action
  • 5. DEFINITION LCD Environment EconomySocial Low Carbon Development (LCD) is a new development platform aimed for sustaining economic and social growth through low GHG emissions activities and minimizing the exploitation of natural resources. Social benefit PRK Green Growth Less Carbon Polution In the context of SDGs, LCD is an environmental pillar theme that places the achievement of Goal 13 (Climate Change) as the main base to support Goal 7 and Goal 8 (Economic Pillars), Goal 1 and Goal 4 (Social Pillars) and Goal 11.12, 14 and 15 (Environment Pillars). Blue Carbon
  • 6. Energy Industry Agriculture Forestry Settlement Fishery Etc. Water Emission Land Use + IKLH Capacity Carrying Capacity Impact/ Pressure Availability Carrying CapacityInter-related Human Activities Sectoral Target Economy Poverty Emission Intensity GHG Emission DEVELOPMENT POLICY Trade Off Trade Off Low Carbon Development Plan (LCDP) is a set of inclusive development planning policies and low-carbon investment strategies for the RPJMN 2020-2024 and the Roadmap of SDG 2030 that encourage Indonesia to reduce the intensity of emissions and GHG Emissions Marine Biodiversity Blue Carbon Area
  • 7. • Upah • Distribusi Pendapatan • Garis Kemiskinan • Kemiskinan POVERTY • Penduduk Kota • Penduduk Desa • Penduduk berdasarkan Umur (Tenaga Kerja) • Pendidikan POPULATION • Permintaan Energi • Eksploitasi Sumber Energi • Ketersediaan Energi • Impor Energi • Share EBT ENERGY • Air Permukaan • Air Tanah • Curah Hujan • Kualitas Air WATER • Permintaan 7 Sektor (C,G,I,X dan M) • Nilai Tambah 7 Sektor • Keterkaitan Input-Output • Inflasi/Harga ECONOMY • Lahan Hutan • Lahan Pertanian • Lahan Permukiman & Industri • Lahan Lainnya LAND USE • SD Perikanan Tangkap • SD Perikanan Budidaya • Produktivitas Perikanan Budidaya FISHERY CLIMATE GHG EMISSION BIODIVERISTY Distribusi Upah Desa-Kota Peningkatan Produktivitas Kebutuhan Energi Kebutuhan & ketersediaan dana pengentasan kemiskinan (Bantuan Sosial) TenagaKerja Kebutuhanairdomestik Ketersediaan Energi Ketersediaan Energi Ketersediaan airdomestik Ketersediaan Lahan Ketersediaan Lahan Ketersediaan air ekonomi Ketersediaan air untuk lahan Kebutuhan air untuk lahan Ketersediaan SD Perikanan Dampak Inflasi KebutuhanEnergi Kebutuhan Lahan Kebutuhan air ekonomi Kebutuhan tenagakerja Kebutuhan Lahan Kebutuhan SD Perikanan DampakPerubahanBiodiverse terhadappopulasi Emisi industri/ekonomi Emisilahan Emisienergi Dampak Perubahan Lahan terhadap Biodiversity Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap Biodiverse Dampak Perubahan Iklim terhadap SD Perikanan EmisiDomestik Economics stock-flows Social stock-flows Natural resources stock and flows Absortive capacity stock-flows • Prioritize analysis of linkages across multiple Goal SDGs to produce integrated development planning policies. • Supports RPJMN 2020-2024 and Roadmap SDG 2030. LCDP in KLHS and SDGs: Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Kebijakan Blue Carbon Linkages
  • 8. INTERNATIONALNATIONAL FINANCIAL SUPPORT FUND MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTING INDONESIA BLUE CARBON FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK LINE MINISTRIES NATIONAL FUND INSTITUTION LOCAL GOVERNMENT SUB-NATIONAL INSTITUTION UNIVERSITY LOCAL NGO/CSO (Yagasu, etc.) INTERNATIONAL NGO/CSO (IUCN, WII, OXFAM, etc.) INTERNATIONAL FUND INSTITUTION (UNDP, etc.) NATIONAL BUDGET (APBN & APBD) PRIVATE SECTOR (CSR: PT.Pertamina, PT.Jawa Power, etc.) PHILANTHROPY BILATERAL DONOR (USA, UK, Australia, German, etc.) MULTILATERAL DONOR (GEF, GCF, AF etc.)