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The State of Philippine Environment

This is a comprehensive presentation on Philippine environment.

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The State of Philippine Environment

  1. 1. STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT Problems, Challenges & Government Action A REPORT IN PA 847 Special Problems in Government Organization _______________________________________________________________ Shany Lou Solatorio Gemmary Villahermosa Ella Belle Crausos Edelaine Gealon Peter-Jason Senarillos Leonardo Ternio
  2. 2. SECTION 16 ARTICLE II, 1987 PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION “The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.” ENVIRONMENT FRAMEWORK
  3. 3. 1. Improved conservation, protection and rehabilitation of natural resources 2. Improved environmental quality for a cleaner and healthier environment 3. Enhanced resilience of natural systems and improved adaptive capacities of human communities to cope with environmental hazards including climate related risks ENVIRONMENT FRAMEWORK Philippine Development Plan: 2011-2016
  4. 4. FORESTRY
  5. 5. Situationer: • Philippine forest at 7.2 M ha or 24% of country’s land area • 8 M ha of forestlands degraded (26% of land area) Forest Management
  6. 6. 70% 60% 40% 30% 23.7% 22.2% P H I L. F O R E S T C O V E R
  7. 7. Government Actions: • Total log ban in natural forests to conserve & protect (E.O. 23) • Created National Anti-Illegal Logging Task Force Forest Management
  8. 8. • Confiscated 10.6 M bd. ft. of logs/lumber valued at P 317 M • Filed 269 cases for illegal logging • Closed 215 wood processing plants Government Actions: Forest Management
  9. 9. • Established National Greening Program, biggest reforestation in Philippine history (E.O. 26)  Plant 1.5 B trees in 1.5 M ha in 6 years (27.8% higher than past 50 years).  For 2011, target is 50 M trees in 100,000 ha. Government Actions: Forest Management
  10. 10. CLEAN AIR
  11. 11. • Total Suspended Particulates (TSP) in Metro Manila is 166 micrograms/normal cubic meters (μg/Ncm) in 1st half of 2010  84% beyond standard of 90 μg/Ncm (WHO)  Other polluted cities: San Fernando, Calapan, Cebu, Zamboanga, Davao Situationer – Major urban centers are polluted Clean Air
  12. 12. • 80% of pollution due to vehicular emissions • Per WB, 18M Filipinos exposed to air pollution, with health cost & loss of income of P 7.6 B/year Situationer – Major urban centers are polluted Clean Air
  13. 13. Government Actions:  More stringent air emission standards for Compression & Spark-Ignition Engines (motorcycles & tricycles) • Strengthened enforcement & regulations  Agreement with Earth Day Network to make EDSA “Linis Hangin Zone.” (cellphone to catch smoke-belchers) Clean Air
  14. 14.  DENR, LTO, MMDA, etc. worked to reduce traffic & ensure compliance with emission testing to reduce vehicular emissions Government Actions: • Strengthened enforcement of regulations Clean Air
  15. 15. • Strengthened enforcement of regulations  Developed program with ADB to provide credit for conversion of tricycle engines to electric Government Actions: Clean Air
  16. 16. • As of June 2011, pollution reduced by 32% from 166 to 113 μg/Ncm. Government Actions: Clean Air 166 133.5 113 90 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 1st Sem 2010 2nd Sem 2010 1st Sem 2011 TSplevel(ug/Ncm) Total Suspended Particulates (TSP) Level Actual Standard
  17. 17. CLEAN WATER
  18. 18. • Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), or demand for oxygen in water, for 19 major rivers in 2010 at 27 milligrams/liter, 4x the standard at 7 mg/L Clean Water Situationer – Waterways/esteros in major urban centers unfit for human activity
  19. 19. Government Actions: Initiated “Adopt an Estero Program” Before After Estero de Paco, Manila (ABS-CBN Foundation) Clean Water
  20. 20. Before After Estero de Paco, Manila Adopt an Estero Program Government Actions: Clean Water
  21. 21. Before After Estero de Paco, Manila Adopt an Estero Program Government Actions: Clean Water
  22. 22. 226 Major companies have adopted waterways nationwide (Examples: Jollibee, San Miguel Foundation, Toyota, Masinloc Power Corp.) Adopt an Estero Program Government Actions : Clean Water
  23. 23. • Reduced solid wastes  Required Philippine Plastic Industry to develop program for retrieval/collection/ recycling of plastics  Launched “Reusable Bag Campaign for Greener Environment” with major malls & supermarkets Government Actions: Clean Water
  24. 24. • Reduced solid wastes  Agreement with 11 Metro Manila LGUs for solid waste management systems in subdivisions/ condominiums. Initially, 4,717 homeowners associations identified Government Actions: Clean Water
  25. 25. GEOHAZARD
  26. 26. • Philippines is prone to natural disasters due to geographical location & geological attributes: landslides, flooding, earthquakes, tsunami, etc. Situationer: Geohazard
  27. 27. • Completed geo-hazard mapping of all provinces/ cities/municipalities at 1:50,000 scale • Distributed 65,000 map sheets to all LGUs • More detailed mapping started for 88 landslide-prone cities/municipalities (scale of 1:10,000) Government Actions: Geohazard • Conducted coastal geohazard assessment of 46 coastal municipalities
  29. 29. • Started cleansing of idle mining applications under “use it or lose it” policy. Additional 5.2 M ha have been opened for new and serious investors, resulting from cleansing/denial of 2,136 pending and idle mining applications (97% of total) • Suspended acceptance and processing of new mining applications to ensure successful implementation of the on-going cleansing of mining applications Mineral Reforms Situationer:
  30. 30. Mineral Reforms • Cleansing the remaining idle mining applications under the “use it or lose it” policy. Government Actions:
  32. 32. • Removed opportunities for graft and corruption  Policy shift to donate confiscated logs/lumber to DepEd, instead of auction o Donated 2.282 M bd. ft. of confiscated logs/lumber to DepEd, LGUs, and other government offices (additional 5.5 M bd.ft. for donation) o Produced 9,699 armchairs, 174 school desks, 171 tables, 55 cabinets & repaired 197 buildings (i.e., schools, chapel, mun. buildings & CENRO Offices), etc) Government Actions: Good Governance
  33. 33. • Removed opportunities for graft and corruption  Rationalized and reduced DENR checkpoints from 274 to 118 or by 57% Government Actions: Good Governance
  34. 34. • Removed opportunities for graft and corruption  Installed 902 Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras up to field offices  Eliminated face-to-face transactions Government Actions: Good Governance
  35. 35. • Strengthened prosecution and justice system No. of Personnel Show cause issued 118 Formally charged 31 Fined/Suspended 7 Dismissed from service 10 Government Actions: Good Governance  Filed 297 cases for illegal logging
  36. 36. • Strengthened prosecution and justice system  Strengthened capacities of DENR personnel, prosecutors & judges through trainings with the Supreme Court Government Actions: Good Governance
  38. 38. • From one of the most corrupt in December, 2009, DENR is now the 4th least corrupt agency in March 2011 (Pulse Asia Survey) • Environment ranked 4th in assessment of government performance by Movement for Good Governance (August 2011) Public Assessment
  39. 39. OVERALL PERFORMANCE (Pulse Asia Survey) • Efforts of government in stopping the destruction & abuse of environment Period Approval Rating Disapproval Rating Net Approval Rating October 2009 +27 -39 -12 March 2011 +48 -16 +32 June 2011 +50 -14 +36 Public Assessment
  42. 42. • Industrial Tree Plantation • Agroforestry • Eco-tourism • Wood Pellet • Bio-energy Investing in the Forestry Sector Potential Areas for Investment
  43. 43. Investing in the Forestry Sector Region 9 Region 10 Region 11 Region 12 Region 13 Potential Areas for Tree Plantations
  44. 44. • Identification of Clear investment zones – Forest Land Use Planning process transparent and participatory • Simplified procedures for investing that reduce transaction costs • Stable policy environment which guarantees the right to harvest or benefit from investment - Secured land tenure - De-regulated policy especially in harvesting planted trees - Harmonized policies with LGUs, NCIP, NGAs Investing in the Forestry Sector Policy Reforms Underway to Encourage Private Sector Participation
  45. 45. Investing in the Forestry Sector Adoption of Investment Portfolio Approach • To encourage public-private forestry investments through reduction of transaction costs by undertaking preparatory work relative to completing documentary requirements and securing necessary clearances • To develop investment portfolio package options for private investors on potential forestry enterprises (industrial tree plantations, agroforestry, ecotourism , etc.) Objectives
  46. 46. Investing in the Forestry Sector Investment Portfolio Approach Objectives • To ensure forestry projects are in accordance with national and LGU plans (Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUP), Forest Land Use Plans (FLUP) • To allow synergy and convergence of government agencies’ programs
  47. 47. Conclusion Government efforts at resolving environmental problems have begun to take effect especially during the present regime. The problems however are already serious and may not be resolved right away. The nature of the problems require the collaborative efforts of both private and public sector, local, national, and international organizations, and thus, intervention should also be in that scope. One thing is sure however, a strong will is required to implement programs that will have significant impact for the good of the environment.