Glen Kedzie: Clear, Green and Moving: Borridors, Corridors and Gateways


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Glen P. Kedzie, Vice President, Energy and Environmental Council, American Trucking Associations spoke at the CEC's Joint Public Advisory Committee round table on sustainable transportation in North America on July 10, 2013. More at:

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  • To better show you how U.S. congestion is growing, let’s first take a look at this slide which shows peak-period congestion on the U.S. National Highway System in 2007.Green indicates uncongested highways; orange depicts congested highways, and red indicates highly congested stretches.
  • Now let’s look at projected congestion in 2040 – 27 years from now.As this graphic indicates, the congestion will be getting severely worse.Note that the congestion is around major urbanized areas and also closely parallels major U.S. port areas such as Seattle, WA in the northwest; San Francisco/Oakland/Los Angeles/Long Beach, CA on the west coast; Houston, TX,Tampa, Miami, and Jacksonville, FL in the south; and east coast ports such as Baltimore, MD, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, New York City, and Boston, MA to name a few.This increasing congestion will lead to escalating inefficiencies in freight movements both into and out of U.S. ports.
  • So what is this congestion costing goods shipments in the U.S.?In 2012, the overall price was somewhere around $121 billion in 498 urban areas (automobiles, trucks, buses, etc.).Trucking bore $27 billion of this congestion bill in 2012 comprised of lost fuel, time, and wages.The last bullet really puts congestion in perspective; namely, in the most congested urbanized areas, carriers would have to add 5 times additional time to ensure their deliveries reach their ultimate destination 95% on-time!
  • ATA supports increasing HTF and federal program to address bottlenecks.Increase federal fuel tax to close funding gap.If not increased, need to prioritize projects given limited funding.
  • ATA’s research arm, ATRI, is helping FHWA monitor and rank 250 “freight significant locations”, including border crossing times, to identify performance trends and highlight locations in need of investments.The ATRI database, generates billions of data points annually from several hundred thousand trucks, contains information about where the truck was (latitude, longitude) and what time it was there (time/date stamp), as well as a unique anonymous ID for the vehicle so subsequent points can be linked together.ATRI also developed an algorithm to identify truck GPS points within a certain distance on either side of the border to calculate the average “minutes per mile” it takes to cross the border.
  • As an example, this slide shows the Ambassador bridge between Detroit, MI and Windsor, Canada.Each border analysis is customized to the road network for that particular crossing. In this graphic the blue areas are the roads that feed into the border crossing (the crossing facility – from Canada into the U.S. - is represented by the star). All the valid border crossing data identified by ATRI is represented by the small red dots – each dot represents a truck’s before and after crossing location from which the performance data is calculated.
  • In this slide we see the border crossing data for the other direction of travel (from the U.S. into Canada).
  • The border crossing performance measures are calculated every month to identify any performance trends. In this example from the Ambassador Bridge in 2011, we see that throughout the course of 2011, border crossing times actually improved slightly in both directions, although it still takes longer, on average to cross into the US (dark blue) than it does to cross into Canada (light blue).ATRI’s congestion work can be used to properly evaluate, prioritize, and allocate limited U.S. highway infrastructure dollars.
  • Thank you for your time and I look forward to the question and answer session at the conclusion of the panel presentations.
  • Glen Kedzie: Clear, Green and Moving: Borridors, Corridors and Gateways

    1. 1. Clean, Green and Moving: Borders, Corridors and Gateways Glen Kedzie Vice President, Energy & Environmental Counsel American Trucking Associations
    2. 2. ATA is the largest national trade association for the trucking industry. Through a federation of 50 affiliated state trucking associations and industry-related conferences and councils, ATA is the voice of the industry America depends on most to move our nation’s freight. • Headquarters: Arlington, Virginia • Capitol Hill Office: Washington, DC • Regional Field Representatives American Trucking Associations
    3. 3. U.S. National Highway System • The highway system is our workplace! • 220,000 miles accounting for 97% of total truck miles • 95% of vehicle miles travelled on pavement in acceptable condition • 5% bridges structurally deficient • 17% bridges functionally obsolete • 35% urban interstate miles congested – CA (67%); NJ (53%)
    4. 4. Cost of Congestion (2012) • $121 billion in 498 urban areas, up from $24 billion in 1982 (adjusted for inflation) • $27 billion borne by trucking in lost fuel/wages • Reliability just as important – In the most congested cities, peak period deliveries would have to add more than 5X additional time to achieve a 95% on-time arrival goal
    5. 5. Projected End-of-Year Balances for the Highway Trust Fund -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 ($billions) Highway Account Highway and Transit Accounts
    6. 6. ATA Supports Infrastructure Funding • ATA supports a dedicated federal program to address bottlenecks on major freight routes, including intermodal connectors • Funded with federal fuel tax increase • Without new revenue, existing resources need to be “reprioritized” to focus on highway projects of national importance
    7. 7. • Key border crossing measurement is monthly average of "minutes per mile” produced by linking two truck GPS points that meet following criteria: – each point on different side of border. – first and second points within 2 miles of the border. – points must be at least 1 mile apart. • If a pair of truck GPS points meet these criteria the time and distance travelled between the points is calculated and a minutes per mile measurement for that trip is produced. ATRI Assisting in Ranking Border Crossing Congestion
    8. 8. Ambassador Bridge (2011) Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 INBOUND 6.14 6.51 6.61 6.37 6.11 6.31 6.11 6.06 5.97 6.03 5.88 6.02 OUTBOUND 4.48 4.58 4.29 4.20 4.26 4.34 4.00 4.12 4.06 3.98 4.15 4.13 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 AverageMinutesPerMile Month-Year Average Minutes Per Mile by Month - 2011 INBOUND OUTBOUND
    9. 9. ATA Open to Other Funding Alternatives as Well • Tolls for new capacity (Depends) • Toll existing Interstates (Opposed) • Public-Private Partnerships (Depends) • Mileage Fees (Opposed)
    10. 10. ATA Supports Expanding Truck Size and Weight Rules • Some Interstate weight limits frozen in time for more than 50 years • No major federal weight increases in 39 years (change from73,280 to 80,000 pounds in 1974) • Interstate Highway weight limits increased 9% in 57 years!
    11. 11. 5-axle tractor-semitrailers Denmark 96,800 lbs Mexico 96,800 lbs South Africa 95,700 lbs Europe 88,000 lbs Canada 86,900 lbs US 80,000 lbs South Africa 108,460 lbs Mexico 106,700 lbs Denmark 105,600 lbs Canada 102,300 lbs Australia 100,100 lbs UK 96,800 lbs US 80,000 lbs 6-axle tractor-semitrailers ATA Seeks Weight Limit Harmonization
    12. 12. 703-838-1879