Nichi.11-12-13.coastal louisiana.garretgraves

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New Orleans
, Garret Graves, Chairman, 
Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority; National Institute for Coastal & Harbor Infrastructure, John F. Kennedy Center, Boston, Nov. 12, 2013: "The Triple Threat of Rising Sea Levels, Extreme Storms and Aging Infrastructure: Coastal Community Responses and The Federal Role" See http://www.nichiusa.org or http://www.nichi.us

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  • Elmer's Island Oil Impacts – GOHSEP May 2010
  • http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&sa=X&biw=1366&bih=643&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=mPnQjY-G_fQ7BM:&imgrefurl=http://www.nationalgeographic.com/educator-resources/oil-spills/map/gulf-oil/&docid=Q9i8yN0PO2AYfM&imgurl=http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/258/cache/gulf-of-mexico-map_25845_600x450.jpg&w=600&h=450&ei=Yiw0T9H1L5SosAKEg8DrAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=661&vpy=150&dur=197&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=103&ty=96&sig=106432238711164298974&page=2&tbnh=143&tbnw=191&start=18&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:18
  • National Institute of Building Sciences: http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.nibs.org/resource/resmgr/MMC/hms_vol1.pdf
  • Equipment:4 hopper barges1 booster1 unloader2 tugs
  • http://portsoflouisiana.org/
  • http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&sa=X&biw=1366&bih=643&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=mPnQjY-G_fQ7BM:&imgrefurl=http://www.nationalgeographic.com/educator-resources/oil-spills/map/gulf-oil/&docid=Q9i8yN0PO2AYfM&imgurl=http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/258/cache/gulf-of-mexico-map_25845_600x450.jpg&w=600&h=450&ei=Yiw0T9H1L5SosAKEg8DrAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=661&vpy=150&dur=197&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=103&ty=96&sig=106432238711164298974&page=2&tbnh=143&tbnw=191&start=18&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:18
  • http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_crd_crpdn_adc_mbbl_a.htm; http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_snd_dcu_nus_a.htm
  • Have added a “coastal industries total” row. Want to point out that they are nearly half the total economic impact of whole state and on state taxes.
  • Have added a “coastal industries total” row. Want to point out that they are nearly half the total economic impact of whole state and on state taxes.
  • http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&sa=X&biw=1366&bih=643&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=mPnQjY-G_fQ7BM:&imgrefurl=http://www.nationalgeographic.com/educator-resources/oil-spills/map/gulf-oil/&docid=Q9i8yN0PO2AYfM&imgurl=http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/258/cache/gulf-of-mexico-map_25845_600x450.jpg&w=600&h=450&ei=Yiw0T9H1L5SosAKEg8DrAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=661&vpy=150&dur=197&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=103&ty=96&sig=106432238711164298974&page=2&tbnh=143&tbnw=191&start=18&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:18
  • http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_crd_crpdn_adc_mbbl_a.htm; http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_snd_dcu_nus_a.htm
  • Equipment List:Dredge MarionBooster #93-Bull Dozers1-Marsh Buggy1-SkidderVarious crew boats, barges, and tugsBooster & Pipeline:Booster #9 – only in service booster pump currentlyPipeline 28,305 LF
  • Nichi.11-12-13.coastal louisiana.garretgraves

    1. 1. The Protection and Restoration of Coastal Louisiana Rising Sea Levels: The Urgent Need for a National Coastal and Harbor Infrastructure Program Symposium November 12, 2013 committed to our coast committed to our coast
    2. 2. No Shortage of Disasters…
    3. 3. Louisiana: Worth Saving?
    4. 4. Seafood and Wildlife • #1 producer in fisheries in the Lower 48 States • #2 producer of oysters • #1 producer of blue crabs • #1 producer of crawfish • #1 producer of shrimp • #1 habitat for migratory waterfowl and songbirds Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana
    5. 5. Ecosystem Services • Five million waterfowl • #1 producer in fisheries in the Lower 48 States • 25 million songbirds • #2 producer of oysters • America’s largest wintering habitat for migratory •waterfowl and songbirdscrabs #1 producer of blue •70 rare, threatened, or endangered species #1 producer of crawfish • •Top source of wild seafood in the continental United #1 producer of shrimp • •States #1 habitat for migratory waterfowl and songbirds • Wetlands serve as part of the hurricane protection system
    6. 6. Energy Production and Petrochemical Manufacturing restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    7. 7. Truck Cargo Flows: Louisiana restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    8. 8. Truck Cargo Flows: New York restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    9. 9. Waterborne Commerce • 5 of the top 15 largest ports in the U.S. in Louisiana • Port of South Louisiana is the nation’s #1 by tonnage • Louisiana’s ports handle cargo accounting for 20% of the nation’s waterborne commerce (by tonnage)
    10. 10. Annual Tons of Freight by Water restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    11. 11. Carrying Capacity
    12. 12. River Efficiency: 15-Barge Tow Carrying Capacity
    13. 13. Cleaner Transportation: Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    14. 14. Cleaner Transport: Fuel Efficiency
    15. 15. Louisiana’s Land Loss Crisis
    16. 16. Land Area Change in Coastal LA 1932 – 2010 Land Loss Land Gain Historic Land-Water Change from 1932-2010 Approx. 1,900 sq. mi. (492,100 ha.) Couvillion et al (USGS), 2011
    17. 17. Mississippi River Watershed • Two-thirds of the continental United States • 42% of the contiguous land mass of North America
    18. 18. Mississippi River Flyway 28
    19. 19. Causes of Land Loss • Levees/Dams • Subsidence • Sea-level Rise • Hurricanes • Oil & Gas Infrastructure • Oil Spill
    20. 20. Future Without Action Predicted Land Loss Predicted Land Gain More Extreme- Potential to lose an additional 1,765 square miles (455,000 ha.) of land over the next 50 years. Utilized 0.45 m of sea level rise over 50 years, Subsidence rates 0 to 25 mm per year
    21. 21. Our Coastal Crisis Will Continue Current 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 With No Action Over the Next 50 Years
    22. 22. Terrebonne Land/Water Change 1988-2005 Chauvin Point Aux Chene Dulac Cocodrie Landsat TM 1998 DeWitt Braud, LSU Coastal Studies Institute
    23. 23. Our Communities and Livelihoods at Risk Predicted Future Flooding from a 100 Year Flood Event Future Without Action Potential for damages to reach $23.4 billion annually Increasing threats to lives, jobs, communities and the economy
    24. 24. Our Communities and Livelihoods at Risk Expected Annual Damages From Flooding ($ Billions) $25 Could experience 10x more damages than today $20 Current Future Without Action $15 • Potential for damages to reach up to $23.4 billion annually $10 $5 $0 • Increasing threats to lives, jobs and communities
    25. 25. Entire Region at Risk Over the last 100 years hurricanes have caused approximately $2,700 billion In damages (in 2010 dollars) across Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.
    26. 26. Federal Investment needs to be PROACTIVE NIBS Multihazard Mitigation Council report to Congress on behalf of FEMA (2005): • Money spent on reducing the risk of natural hazards is a sound investment. • On average, every $1 spent by FEMA on hazard mitigation…provides the nation about $4 in future benefits.
    27. 27. Addressing the Crisis: Louisiana’s Coastal Master Plan
    28. 28. Master Plan Objectives Flood Protection Reduce economic losses from storm-based flooding Natural Processes Promote a sustainable coastal ecosystem by harnessing the processes of the natural system Coastal Habitats Provide habitats suitable to support an array of commercial and recreational activities coast wide Cultural Heritage Sustain Louisiana’s unique heritage and culture Working Coast Provide a viable working coast to support industry
    29. 29. Using New Tools, Breaking New Ground
    30. 30. Key Decision Points • Flood Risk Reduction and Land Building as Decision Drivers • Set a Realistic Budget and Determine Funding Allocation – $50 Billion, 50/50 split • Balance Near Term and Long Term Benefits • Use of Decision Criteria and Ecosystem Services
    31. 31. Factors in Making Decision Decision Criteria and Ecosystem Services Risk Reduction Oyster Distribution of flood risk across socioeconomic groups Flood protection of historic properties Shrimp Freshwater Availability Alligator Expected Annual Damages Restoration Flood protection of strategic assets Operation and maintenance costs Sustainability Support for navigation Use of natural processes Support for cultural heritage Land Area Support for oil & gas Waterfowl Saltwater Fisheries Freshwater Fisheries Carbon Sequestration Nitrogen Removal Agriculture/Aquaculture Other Coastal Wildlife Nature-Based Tourism
    32. 32. 2012 Coastal Master Plan 145 Projects Totaling Approximately $50 Billion over 50 Years
    33. 33. Single Approach is Not the Solution USACOE
    34. 34. Storm Surge Attenuation Benefits Provided by Comprehensive Approach Surge Surge
    35. 35. What the Master Plan Delivers: Reduction in Annual Damages $18.1 Billion Decrease over Future Without Action $5.4 Billion Decrease over Future Without Action
    36. 36. What the Master Plan Delivers: Land Building 550-850 square miles of land built or maintained over 50 years
    37. 37. 159 miles of built or improved levees
    38. 38. 19,405 acres of coastal habitats benefited of coastal habitats benefited
    39. 39. $17 Billion in State & Federal funding in State & Federal funding for protection & restoration for protection & restoration
    40. 40. Greater New Orleans – Hurricane Protection System Black Lake Beneficial Use
    41. 41. West Closure Complex
    42. 42. Lake Borgne Surge Barrier
    43. 43. Local Investment in Protection Infrastructure
    44. 44. Pelican Island
    45. 45. Scofield Island
    46. 46. Caminada Headland Beach and Dune Restoration 303 Acres of Beach Dune with 3.3 MCY of material from Ship Shoal Estimated Project Cost: $70.6M Status: In construction Construction Contractor: Weeks Marine Inc.
    47. 47. July 2013 2/1/2014 DRAFT
    48. 48. Long Distance Sediment Pipeline Total Project Budget (CIAP) $66.1 million Acres Benefited 256 Project Status In Design (pending landrights/ permits) Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana
    49. 49. Mississippi River Long Distance Sediment Pipeline (BA-43)
    50. 50. 1988
    51. 51. 2012
    52. 52. Orleans Landbridge Cost: $34.7 million Land Benefited: 110 acres of marsh and 8.7 miles of shoreline
    53. 53. Orleans Landbridge • 217,000 tons of concrete recycled from the dismantled I-10 twin span • Prevent the loss of 110 acres of marsh Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana
    54. 54. What Does NOT Work? 1. First thing you do in a disaster is throw out the rules 2. First thing you do in recovery is throw out the rules Executive Order 13604 3. Current project development and implementation process is incapable to addressing coastal and water resources crisis facing America 4. You cannot perfect solutions before acting – dynamic environments – better science 5. Waiting to invest until AFTER disaster strikes/under-funding 6. Devising “solutions” to single problem in a vacuum (levees v. ecosystem) 7. Divided mission (EPA, NOAA, USACE, FEMA, USFWS, NRCS, CEQ, OMB…..) means no one is accountable 8. States, local governments and stakeholders on the sidelines (i.e. zoning) 9. Segregating similar programs by agency (stove-piping) 10. Missing schedules and budgets – uncertainty kills
    55. 55. What Works? 1. Functional organizational structure Formation of the Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority Board Coastal board of directors Integrating/co-mingling funds 2. Schedule public meetings to deliberate and provide public input Discuss policy options/trade-offs Accountability venue 3. Establish prioritization metrics that reflect regional/state/local values 4. Provide clear, transparent, accountable project process processes 5. Develop annual report card to show successes and learning opportunities 6. Move forward with 70+% solutions and use robust adaptive management 7. Communicate honestly – can’t promise “a chicken every pot” Residual risk exists 8. Proactive versus reactive actions 9. Identify “double” and “triple” wins (multi-service objectives) 10.Delivering what you promised
    56. 56. Today Baton Rouge New Orleans
    57. 57. Blum, M.D. & H.H. Roberts (2009) Tomorrow? Baton Rouge New Orleans
    58. 58. Thank You! Learn more: www.coastal.LA.gov Garret Graves Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority garret@LA.gov 225-342-7669
    59. 59. United States Geological Survey Preliminary Land Loss/Gain 1930-2010
    60. 60. Truck Cargo Flows: New York restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    61. 61. Truck Cargo Flows: Southern California restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    62. 62. Truck Cargo Flows: Houston restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    63. 63. Truck Cargo Flows: New Orleans restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    64. 64. Annual Tons of Freight by Water restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    65. 65. Truck Cargo Flows: Louisiana restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    66. 66. Energy Production and Petrochemical Manufacturing restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    67. 67. Louisiana Perspective: Energy Production Without OCS Production Louisiana is With OCS Production Louisiana becomes: th largest producer of 8 nd largest producer 2 crude oil of crude oil 2nd largest producer 2nd largest producer of natural gas of natural gas
    68. 68. Louisiana Perspective: Energy Refining nd in Refining Capacity 2 21% of Nationwide Refining Operable Capacity in 2012
    69. 69. Seafood and Wildlife • #1 producer in fisheries in the Lower 48 States • #2 producer of oysters • #1 producer of blue crabs • #1 producer of crawfish • #1 producer of shrimp • #1 habitat for migratory waterfowl and songbirds Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana
    70. 70. Ecosystem Services • Five million waterfowl • #1 producer in fisheries in the Lower 48 States • 25 million songbirds • #2 producer of oysters • America’s largest wintering habitat for migratory •waterfowl and songbirdscrabs #1 producer of blue •70 rare, threatened, or endangered species #1 producer of crawfish • •Top source of wild seafood in the continental United #1 producer of shrimp • •States #1 habitat for migratory waterfowl and songbirds • Wetlands serve as part of the hurricane protection system
    71. 71. Economic Impact of Energy, Ports and Maritime and Louisiana Seafood and Outdoor Recreation Economic Sector Total Economic or Industry Impact (millions) Total Jobs Total Wages (millions) Total Tax (millions) Energy1 $77,300 310,217 $16,100 $2,500 Ports and Maritime $33,000 270,000 $5,700 $470 Seafood $2,400 21,238 Seafood, Fishing, Boating and Wildlife Viewing2 $5,700 62,833 $378.3 Coastal Industries Total $118,400 664,288 $3,348 Total State Economy $213,6003 1,834,338 $76,899 1. Oil and Gas Extraction, Pipeline, and Refinery Operations. 2. Select Industries from the 2008 Southwick Study. 3. Gross State Product 2010 $6,962
    72. 72. Economic Impact of Energy, Ports and Maritime and Louisiana Seafood and Outdoor Recreation Economic Sector Total Economic or Industry Impact (millions) Total Jobs Total Wages (millions) Total Tax (millions) Energy1 $77,300 310,217 $16,100 $2,500 Ports and Maritime $33,000 270,000 $5,700 $470 Seafood $2,400 21,238 Seafood, Fishing, Boating and Wildlife Viewing2 $5,700 62,833 $378.3 Coastal Industries Total $118,400 664,288 $3,348 Total State Economy $213,6003 1,834,338 $76,899 1. Oil and Gas Extraction, Pipeline, and Refinery Operations. 2. Select Industries from the 2008 Southwick Study. 3. Gross State Product 2010 $6,962
    73. 73. Energy Production and Petrochemical Manufacturing restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast
    74. 74. Louisiana Perspective: Energy Production Without OCS Production Louisiana is With OCS Production Louisiana becomes: th largest producer of 8 nd largest producer 2 crude oil of crude oil 2nd largest producer 2nd largest producer of natural gas of natural gas
    75. 75. Louisiana Perspective: Energy Refining nd in Refining Capacity 2 21% of Nationwide Refining Operable Capacity in 2012
    76. 76. Mississippi River and Tributaries
    77. 77. Lake Hermitage Marsh Creation Estimated Project Cost: $39 M (CWPPRA Base Project) 653 acres of Marsh Status: In Construction Construction Contractor: Pine Bluff Sand and Gravel Co.
    78. 78. 2/1/2014 DRAFT June 2012
    79. 79. 2/1/2014 DRAFT August 2013
    80. 80. Bayou Dupont
    81. 81. Bayou Dupont: Outside of Influence Area
    82. 82. Bayou Dupont: November 2012
    83. 83. What the Master Plan Delivers Includes a wide variety of project types distributed throughout the coast
    84. 84. Long Distance Sediment Pipeline Total Project Budget (CIAP) $66.1 million Acres Benefited 256 Project Status In Design (pending landrights/ permits) Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana
    85. 85. Mississippi River Long Distance Sediment Pipeline (BA-43)
    86. 86. Isaac- NHC Hindcast, inundation depths
    87. 87. Barrier Islands Creation and restoration of dune, beach, and back barrier marsh to restore or augment offshore barrier islands and headlands Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana

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