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Structure of Indian Banking System

Structure of Indian Banking System

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Structure of Indian Banking System
STRUCTURE OF BANKING
SYSTEM
Structure of Indian Banking System
Structure of Indian Banking System
Structure of Indian Banking System
Structure of Indian Banking System

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Structure of Indian Banking System

  • 7. SCHEDULE BANK • Registered in the Second Schedule of RBI Act, 1935. • Banks paid-up capital and reserves of an aggregate value of not less than Rs. 5 Lakhs
  • 8. NON-SCHEDULE BANK • Banking company as defined in clause (c) of Section 5 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, which is not a scheduled bank. • Bank with reserve capital of less than Rs. 5lakh • These banks are not governed according to RBI Act. • They don’t receive any benefits from RBI
  • 9. COOPERATIVE BANKS • Cooperative banks are registered under Cooperative Societies Act. • These banks are governed by the Banking Regulations Act, 1949 and Banking Laws (Cooperative Societies) Act, 1955. • People who come together to jointly serve their common interest often from a cooperative society under the Cooperative Societies Act.
  • 10. • When a Cooperative Society engages itself in banking business it is called a Cooperative Bank. • It gives credit facilities to small farmers, salaried employees, small-scale industries, etc. • Cooperative Banks are available in rural as well as urban areas.
  • 13. FUNDS OF THE BANKS
  • 14. • These banks provide finance to member societies within the limits of borrowing capacity of societies. • These banks also conduct all the business at a Joint Stock Bank
  • 15. STATE COOPERATIVE BANK • State Cooperative Banks also known as Apex banks. • Its funds are obtained from their • Own Share Capital • Deposits • Loans and • Overdraft from RBI • 50-90% of working capital of SCB are contributed by the RBI
  • 16. DISTRICT CENTRAL COOPERATIVE BANK • The District Central cooperative Banks are federations of primary credit societies in a specific area, normally a District. • Usually located in District Headquarters, • Some prominent town of the District. • These banks have a few private individuals as shareholders, who provide both finance and management.
  • 18. INDIAN BANKS • Indian Banks are those banks, which are incorporated in India.
  • 19. COMMERCIAL BANKS • Commercial banks are established with an objective to help businessmen. • These banks collect money from general public and give short term loans to businessmen by way of cash credits, overdrafts, etc. • For the purpose of assessment of performance of banks, the RBI categorise them as Public Sector Banks, Old Private Sector Banks, New Private Sector Banks and Foreign Banks
  • 20. Public Sector Banks Public Sector Banks are banks, in which the government has major holding. They can be further subdivided into SBI and its associate banks, other nationalised banks and regional rural banks. Public sector banks comprise 19 nationalised banks and SBI and its 7 associate banks.
  • 21. Regional Rural Banks To liquidate rural indebtedness by stages and to dispense institutional credit facilities to framers and artisans in rural areas. The government of India promulgated 26th September 1975, the regional rural banks ordinance 1975, to set-up Regional Rural Banks throughout the country. RRB in India penetrated every corner of the country and extended a helping hand in the growth process of the country.
  • 22. • SBI has 30 Regional Rural Banks in India known as RRBs. • The rural banks of SBI are spread in 13 states extending from Kashmir to Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh to North East. • Apart from SBI, there are other few banks, which functions for the development of the rural areas in India
  • 23. • RRBs provide institutional credit to the weaker sections of the society at the concessional rate of interest, mobilise rural savings and channelise for supporting the productive activities in the rural areas.
  • 24. Private Sector Banks • After the nationalisation of 14 larger banks in 1969. • No banks were allowed to be set-up in the private sector. • Global Trust bank was the first private bank after liberlisation; it was later amalgamated with Oriental Bank of Commerce (OBC).
  • 25. • Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited (HDFC) became the first to receive an “in principle” approval from the RBI to set up a bank in the private sector. • Today, more than 30 private banks existing in India.
  • 26. Foreign Banks • Foreign banks are those banks, which are incorporated in a foreign country. • They have set-up their branches in India. • Now foreign banks in India are permitted to set- up local subsidiaries. • The policy conveys that Foreign Banks in India may not acquire Indian Ones (except for weak banks identified by the RBI, on its terms) • Indian subsidiaries will not be able to open branches freely.