E bomb


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E bomb

  1. 1. THE E-BOMB : A WEAPON OF ELECTRICAL MASS DESTRUCTION By : Awanish Kumar Singh 10104EN059 Critic: Jeetendra Kumar Meena 10104EN075
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION:     Future warfare campaigns will require more suitable weapons to achieve shock effect over large target sets with small attacking forces. Electromagnetic bombs (E-bombs) can perform such a role Developed by Dr Carlo Kopp, Associate Fellow AIAA and freelance Defense Analyst. It can destroy Power Grids, Electronics and Communication System along an entire coast but spare human and other living species.
  3. 3. E-BOMB TECHNOLOGY BASE: Power source : Battery, Capacitor bank  Explosively pumped Flux Compression Generator (FCG).  High Power Microwave Device  Antenna 
  4. 4. FCG :   FCG can produce tens of Mega Joules in tens to hundreds of microseconds. Peak current of an FCG is 100X that of a typical lightning stroke.
  5. 5. FCG INTERNALS:     Armature - copper tube / fast explosive Stator - helical heavy wire coil Initiator - plane wave explosive lense Jacket - prevents disintegration due magnetic forces
  6. 6. FCG OPERATION: A switch connects the capacitors to the stator which provides starting current  A fuse mechanism ignites the explosive material.  As the explosion makes its way through the cylinder, the cylinder comes in contact with the stator winding. This creates a short circuit, cutting the stator off from its power supply.  The moving short circuit compresses the magnetic field, generating an intense electromagnetic burst. 
  7. 7. HIGH POWER MICROWAVE (HPM) DEVICES: The fundamental idea behind the HPM is to amplify the resulting electromagnetic burst into high power microwave (e.g. Vircator, Klystrons, Magnetrons etc)
  8. 8. DAMAGE MECHANISMS:  Low frequency pulses produced by FCG create high voltage spikes on fixed wiring infrastructure  Microwave radiation from HPM devices can couple directly through ventilation grilles, gaps between panels, poor interface shielding - producing a spatial standing wave inside the equipment cavity
  9. 9. COUPLING MODES: Front Door Coupling through antennas.  Destroys RF semiconductor devices in transmitters and receivers Back Door Coupling through power/data cabling, telephone wiring  Destroys exposed semiconductor devices
  10. 10. EXAMPLE SCENARIO:  10 Giga Watt 5 GHz HPM E-bomb initiated at several hundred meters altitude  Footprint has diameter of 400 - 500 meters with field strengths of kilovolts/meter
  11. 11. DEFENCE AGAINST E-BOMBS:      convert computer rooms in to Faraday cages use optical fibers for data isolate power feeds with transient arrestors use electromagnetic “air lock” shielding must be comprehensive
  12. 12. MILITARY APPLICATIONS OF THE E-BOMB 1) Electronic Combat: The objective is to paralyse the opponent’s C3S and ADS as quickly as possible 2) Strategic Warfare: Implemented according to Warden’s Five Ring model 3) Punitive Missions: The E-bomb is a useful punitive weapon as it can cause much economic and military damage with no loss of civilian life
  13. 13. ADVANTAGES: Not lethal to humans  Negligible collateral damage  High tempo campaigns become easy due to the powerful “shock” effect of using a WEMD  No mass media coverage of bombing casualties (broadcast equipts destroyed) 
  14. 14. LIMITATIONS:  Means of implementing E-Bombs are difficult.  Means of delivery constrain the accuracy of weapon.  Atmospheric propagation of waves.  Difficult kill assessment.
  15. 15. CONCLUSIONS:    E-bomb is a Weapon of Electric Mass Destruction. E-bombs are a non-lethal weapon The critical issues for the next decade are the deployment of E-bombs and the hardening of fundamental infrastructure
  16. 16. REFERENCES:  The Electromagnetic Bomb - a Weapon of Electrical Mass Destruction by Carlo Kopp, Defence Analyst (1997) http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/cc/apje mp.html  E-Bomb – FAQ by Carlo Kopp (2012) http://www.ausairpower.net/E-Bomb-FAQ.html  How E-Bombs Work by Tom Harris http://science.howstuffworks.com/e-bomb.htm  E- Bomb by Jim Wilson and Edwin Herder http://www.radiobergen.org/terrorism/e_bomb.htm
  17. 17. THANK YOU!