SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 12
AAC602 APPLIED BEHAVIOUR CHANGE
Unit 1 Foundation of Human Behavior
Nature and Dimensions of Behavior and Behavioral
Change
Psychology: Definition, Meaning and Nature
Different Branches of Psychology and their relationship
with Extension
Dr. Arpita Sharma Kandpal
Assistant Professor, Dept of Agril Comm, College
of Ag, GBPUA&T, Pantnagar
Defining Psychology
 Greek Words: Psyche and Logos
 Psyche: Soul, Mind, State of change from time to time leading subsequent changes.
 Logos: Rational discourse of a study, Science.
 Psychology is defined as Science of Human Behviour. [Bowers, 1911]
 The Science of Behaviour. [Watson, 1913]
 Psychology is the scientific study of the activities of individual in relation to his
environment. [Woodworth and Marquis, 1948].
 Psychology is scientific investigation of behavior. [Munn, 1967].
Behavior
 Any Manifestation of life is activity. [Woodworth, 1948]
 Behaviour: Conative, Cognitive, Affective
 All segments of human behavior: Conscious, subconscious, unconscious, inner
experience and covert behavior.
 Behavior is comprehensive to cover all the life activities and experiences of all the
living organism.
 Conscious Behaviour: Those aspects of human personality of which only the person
himself is aware.
 Memories, Imaginations, Pleasures, Pains, Fears, Dreams, Values.
 Unconscious Behaviour: Those activities of an organism which can be observed by
another person.
Nature of Psychology
 Observation
 To find the fact
 Empirical [Collect the facts by direct observation].
 Verifiability: Add Reliability and Accuracy.
 Systematized body of knowledge, obtained by careful observation, measuring event and proven facts.
 Psychology is a science and properly trained psychologists are scientist who uses scientific methods
and information resulting from scientific investigation.
 Cause and effect relationship.
 Search for truth.
 Method of systematic inquiry and scientific approach.
 Categories: Normative and Positive
 Normative: Ought to be. Ethics, Logics, Philosophy.
 Positive: What is?, Psychology
 Is a positive science which enables us to study the behavior of a living organism in relation to his
environment.
Branches of Psychology
 General Psychology: Deals with fundamental rules, principles and theories of the
subject in relation to the study of behaviour of normal adult human being.
 Clinical Psychology: Abnormality and maladaptation of behaviour.
 Physiological Psychology: Internal environment and psychological structure of
the body, brain, nervous system and functioning of the glands in relation to the
conative, cognitive and affective behaviour of the human being.
 Social Psychology: Study of human behaviour in relation to his social
environment.
 Industrial Psychology: Study of human behaviour in relation to the situations and
environment prevalent in the industrial World.
 Experimental Psychology: Ways and Means of carrying out psychological
experiments following scientific methods in controlled or laboratory situations.
 Child Psychology: Study of behaviour and process of growth and development of
Children from birth to the beginning of the period of adolescence.
 Adult Psychology: Study of human behaviour of adults. Growth and Development
of their personality, interest, aptitudes, attitude.
 Educational Psychology: Study the behaviour of learner with respect to educational
environment.
 Para Psychology: Telepathy, Extra Sensory Perceptions, Rebirth.
 Development Psychology: Growth and Development of human being at all stages
of life. Conception till death.
 Cognitive Psychology: Process and products of growth and development of
cognitive abilities and capabilities of human being.
 Experimental Psychology: Means of carrying out Psychological experiments in
controlled or laboratory situation.
 Geo Psychology: Describe and analyses the relationship between physical
environment, particularly weather, climate, soil with behavior.
 Community Psychology: Thinking, Feeling and doing. Knowing the individual and
group behavior of the members of this community.
 Psychometrics: Construction and use of different test and techniques meant for the
measurement of various types of human abilities, capacities, process and products
of human behavior.
Applications of Psychology
 Education
 Guidance and Counselling
 Medicine
 Politics
 Development of self
 Human Relationship and World Peace
Psychology and other sciences
 Closer to Anthropology and Sociology
 Anthropology: Physical evolution of mankind, Role of cultural factors in shaping
human behvaiour.
 Sociology: Development and functioning of groups: social, political, economic,
religion etc.
 Understanding group behavior, social factors that influence indivudal behavior.
 Psychiatrist: Degree in Medicine, Medical training in the diagnosis and treatment of
mental disorder by medical.
 Psychoanalyst: Trained in medicine, specialized in the theory and treatment of
abnormal behavior known as psychoanalysis.

More Related Content

What's hot

Prosocial behaviour and altruistic Behaviour Determinants
Prosocial behaviour and altruistic Behaviour DeterminantsProsocial behaviour and altruistic Behaviour Determinants
Prosocial behaviour and altruistic Behaviour DeterminantsDr. Neeta Gupta
 
Prosocial behavior ppt final
Prosocial behavior ppt finalProsocial behavior ppt final
Prosocial behavior ppt finalDisha Chaudhry
 
Behavior modification shaping
Behavior modification shapingBehavior modification shaping
Behavior modification shapingMimi Momo
 
wepik-understanding-social-cognition-an-exploration-of-andersons-cognitive-al...
wepik-understanding-social-cognition-an-exploration-of-andersons-cognitive-al...wepik-understanding-social-cognition-an-exploration-of-andersons-cognitive-al...
wepik-understanding-social-cognition-an-exploration-of-andersons-cognitive-al...PankajTripathi94
 
Sigmund Freud and The Psychoanalytic Therapy 101
Sigmund Freud and The Psychoanalytic Therapy 101Sigmund Freud and The Psychoanalytic Therapy 101
Sigmund Freud and The Psychoanalytic Therapy 101Russell de Villa
 
Psychophysics - Siddhartha
Psychophysics - SiddharthaPsychophysics - Siddhartha
Psychophysics - SiddharthaSiddhartha A
 
Part 1 the science of psychology
Part 1 the science of psychologyPart 1 the science of psychology
Part 1 the science of psychologyAnita Laws
 
Psychology Of Aggression
Psychology Of Aggression Psychology Of Aggression
Psychology Of Aggression Heba Essawy, MD
 
Interpersonal attraction (social psychology)
Interpersonal attraction (social psychology)Interpersonal attraction (social psychology)
Interpersonal attraction (social psychology)aayushikarna
 
Major perspectives of psychology
Major perspectives of psychologyMajor perspectives of psychology
Major perspectives of psychologybethany_paige11
 
The Basics of Psychology
The Basics of PsychologyThe Basics of Psychology
The Basics of Psychologyroy3s
 

What's hot (20)

memory.pptx
memory.pptxmemory.pptx
memory.pptx
 
Goal of psychology
Goal of psychologyGoal of psychology
Goal of psychology
 
SELECTIVE ATTENTION.pptx
SELECTIVE ATTENTION.pptxSELECTIVE ATTENTION.pptx
SELECTIVE ATTENTION.pptx
 
Prosocial behaviour and altruistic Behaviour Determinants
Prosocial behaviour and altruistic Behaviour DeterminantsProsocial behaviour and altruistic Behaviour Determinants
Prosocial behaviour and altruistic Behaviour Determinants
 
Altruism
AltruismAltruism
Altruism
 
social learning
social learningsocial learning
social learning
 
Prosocial behavior ppt final
Prosocial behavior ppt finalProsocial behavior ppt final
Prosocial behavior ppt final
 
Behavior modification shaping
Behavior modification shapingBehavior modification shaping
Behavior modification shaping
 
wepik-understanding-social-cognition-an-exploration-of-andersons-cognitive-al...
wepik-understanding-social-cognition-an-exploration-of-andersons-cognitive-al...wepik-understanding-social-cognition-an-exploration-of-andersons-cognitive-al...
wepik-understanding-social-cognition-an-exploration-of-andersons-cognitive-al...
 
Aggression II
Aggression IIAggression II
Aggression II
 
Chapter 1: PSYCHOLOGY
Chapter 1: PSYCHOLOGYChapter 1: PSYCHOLOGY
Chapter 1: PSYCHOLOGY
 
Sigmund Freud and The Psychoanalytic Therapy 101
Sigmund Freud and The Psychoanalytic Therapy 101Sigmund Freud and The Psychoanalytic Therapy 101
Sigmund Freud and The Psychoanalytic Therapy 101
 
Psychophysics - Siddhartha
Psychophysics - SiddharthaPsychophysics - Siddhartha
Psychophysics - Siddhartha
 
Part 1 the science of psychology
Part 1 the science of psychologyPart 1 the science of psychology
Part 1 the science of psychology
 
Psychology Of Aggression
Psychology Of Aggression Psychology Of Aggression
Psychology Of Aggression
 
Schools of Psychology
Schools of PsychologySchools of Psychology
Schools of Psychology
 
Interpersonal attraction (social psychology)
Interpersonal attraction (social psychology)Interpersonal attraction (social psychology)
Interpersonal attraction (social psychology)
 
Major perspectives of psychology
Major perspectives of psychologyMajor perspectives of psychology
Major perspectives of psychology
 
Clinical psychology
Clinical psychologyClinical psychology
Clinical psychology
 
The Basics of Psychology
The Basics of PsychologyThe Basics of Psychology
The Basics of Psychology
 

Similar to FOUNDATION OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR

Psychology - Introduction
Psychology - IntroductionPsychology - Introduction
Psychology - IntroductionkalpanaG16
 
Meaning and definition of psychology
Meaning and definition of psychologyMeaning and definition of psychology
Meaning and definition of psychologyParmeshwor Baral
 
PSYCHOLOGY--.ppt
PSYCHOLOGY--.pptPSYCHOLOGY--.ppt
PSYCHOLOGY--.pptPeace1232
 
D:\Sp Powerpoint\Chapter 1 Nature Of Psychology
D:\Sp Powerpoint\Chapter 1 Nature Of PsychologyD:\Sp Powerpoint\Chapter 1 Nature Of Psychology
D:\Sp Powerpoint\Chapter 1 Nature Of Psychologyrehnam
 
Introduction and methods of psychology
Introduction and methods of psychologyIntroduction and methods of psychology
Introduction and methods of psychologyJohny Kutty Joseph
 
Introduction and method of psychology
Introduction and method of psychologyIntroduction and method of psychology
Introduction and method of psychologysuratram
 
Module 1 Nature of Psychology
Module 1  Nature of Psychology Module 1  Nature of Psychology
Module 1 Nature of Psychology Shanique wallace
 
INTRODUCTION & HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
INTRODUCTION & HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGYINTRODUCTION & HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
INTRODUCTION & HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGYROSE PINGA
 
Chapter 1 introduction to psychology
Chapter 1 introduction to psychologyChapter 1 introduction to psychology
Chapter 1 introduction to psychologykrupamodhiya
 
Introduction to Psychology.pptx
Introduction to Psychology.pptxIntroduction to Psychology.pptx
Introduction to Psychology.pptxMaheshWangi2
 
Introduction to psychology
Introduction  to psychologyIntroduction  to psychology
Introduction to psychologyAbin Rimal
 
unit 1 history and approaches.ppt
unit 1 history and approaches.pptunit 1 history and approaches.ppt
unit 1 history and approaches.pptangobongo
 
PPT-U1-Definition.pptx
PPT-U1-Definition.pptxPPT-U1-Definition.pptx
PPT-U1-Definition.pptxAbebe90
 
Introduction to educational psychology by dr.sudhir sahu
Introduction to educational psychology by dr.sudhir sahuIntroduction to educational psychology by dr.sudhir sahu
Introduction to educational psychology by dr.sudhir sahuSudhir INDIA
 

Similar to FOUNDATION OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR (20)

Psychology - Introduction
Psychology - IntroductionPsychology - Introduction
Psychology - Introduction
 
Meaning and definition of psychology
Meaning and definition of psychologyMeaning and definition of psychology
Meaning and definition of psychology
 
Introduction to psychology
Introduction to psychologyIntroduction to psychology
Introduction to psychology
 
Meaning, Nature, Branches, and Types of Psychology
Meaning, Nature, Branches, and Types of PsychologyMeaning, Nature, Branches, and Types of Psychology
Meaning, Nature, Branches, and Types of Psychology
 
Introduction to psychology
Introduction to psychologyIntroduction to psychology
Introduction to psychology
 
Chapter1 bsmx
Chapter1 bsmxChapter1 bsmx
Chapter1 bsmx
 
PSYCHOLOGY--.ppt
PSYCHOLOGY--.pptPSYCHOLOGY--.ppt
PSYCHOLOGY--.ppt
 
Branches of Psychology
Branches of PsychologyBranches of Psychology
Branches of Psychology
 
D:\Sp Powerpoint\Chapter 1 Nature Of Psychology
D:\Sp Powerpoint\Chapter 1 Nature Of PsychologyD:\Sp Powerpoint\Chapter 1 Nature Of Psychology
D:\Sp Powerpoint\Chapter 1 Nature Of Psychology
 
Introduction and methods of psychology
Introduction and methods of psychologyIntroduction and methods of psychology
Introduction and methods of psychology
 
Introduction and method of psychology
Introduction and method of psychologyIntroduction and method of psychology
Introduction and method of psychology
 
Module 1 Nature of Psychology
Module 1  Nature of Psychology Module 1  Nature of Psychology
Module 1 Nature of Psychology
 
INTRODUCTION & HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
INTRODUCTION & HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGYINTRODUCTION & HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
INTRODUCTION & HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
 
Chapter 1 introduction to psychology
Chapter 1 introduction to psychologyChapter 1 introduction to psychology
Chapter 1 introduction to psychology
 
Introduction to Psychology.pptx
Introduction to Psychology.pptxIntroduction to Psychology.pptx
Introduction to Psychology.pptx
 
Introduction to psychology
Introduction  to psychologyIntroduction  to psychology
Introduction to psychology
 
unit 1 history and approaches.ppt
unit 1 history and approaches.pptunit 1 history and approaches.ppt
unit 1 history and approaches.ppt
 
PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGYPSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY
 
PPT-U1-Definition.pptx
PPT-U1-Definition.pptxPPT-U1-Definition.pptx
PPT-U1-Definition.pptx
 
Introduction to educational psychology by dr.sudhir sahu
Introduction to educational psychology by dr.sudhir sahuIntroduction to educational psychology by dr.sudhir sahu
Introduction to educational psychology by dr.sudhir sahu
 

Recently uploaded

Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalssuser3e220a
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17Celine George
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvRicaMaeCastro1
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataBabyAnnMotar
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsPooky Knightsmith
 
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxMichelleTuguinay1
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research DiscourseAnita GoswamiGiri
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptxJonalynLegaspi2
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptxmary850239
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operational
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
 
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptxDIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
DIFFERENT BASKETRY IN THE PHILIPPINES PPT.pptx
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 

FOUNDATION OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR

  • 1. AAC602 APPLIED BEHAVIOUR CHANGE Unit 1 Foundation of Human Behavior Nature and Dimensions of Behavior and Behavioral Change Psychology: Definition, Meaning and Nature Different Branches of Psychology and their relationship with Extension Dr. Arpita Sharma Kandpal Assistant Professor, Dept of Agril Comm, College of Ag, GBPUA&T, Pantnagar
  • 2. Defining Psychology  Greek Words: Psyche and Logos  Psyche: Soul, Mind, State of change from time to time leading subsequent changes.  Logos: Rational discourse of a study, Science.  Psychology is defined as Science of Human Behviour. [Bowers, 1911]  The Science of Behaviour. [Watson, 1913]  Psychology is the scientific study of the activities of individual in relation to his environment. [Woodworth and Marquis, 1948].  Psychology is scientific investigation of behavior. [Munn, 1967].
  • 3. Behavior  Any Manifestation of life is activity. [Woodworth, 1948]  Behaviour: Conative, Cognitive, Affective  All segments of human behavior: Conscious, subconscious, unconscious, inner experience and covert behavior.  Behavior is comprehensive to cover all the life activities and experiences of all the living organism.
  • 4.  Conscious Behaviour: Those aspects of human personality of which only the person himself is aware.  Memories, Imaginations, Pleasures, Pains, Fears, Dreams, Values.  Unconscious Behaviour: Those activities of an organism which can be observed by another person.
  • 5. Nature of Psychology  Observation  To find the fact  Empirical [Collect the facts by direct observation].  Verifiability: Add Reliability and Accuracy.  Systematized body of knowledge, obtained by careful observation, measuring event and proven facts.  Psychology is a science and properly trained psychologists are scientist who uses scientific methods and information resulting from scientific investigation.  Cause and effect relationship.  Search for truth.  Method of systematic inquiry and scientific approach.  Categories: Normative and Positive  Normative: Ought to be. Ethics, Logics, Philosophy.  Positive: What is?, Psychology  Is a positive science which enables us to study the behavior of a living organism in relation to his environment.
  • 6. Branches of Psychology  General Psychology: Deals with fundamental rules, principles and theories of the subject in relation to the study of behaviour of normal adult human being.  Clinical Psychology: Abnormality and maladaptation of behaviour.  Physiological Psychology: Internal environment and psychological structure of the body, brain, nervous system and functioning of the glands in relation to the conative, cognitive and affective behaviour of the human being.  Social Psychology: Study of human behaviour in relation to his social environment.  Industrial Psychology: Study of human behaviour in relation to the situations and environment prevalent in the industrial World.
  • 7.  Experimental Psychology: Ways and Means of carrying out psychological experiments following scientific methods in controlled or laboratory situations.  Child Psychology: Study of behaviour and process of growth and development of Children from birth to the beginning of the period of adolescence.  Adult Psychology: Study of human behaviour of adults. Growth and Development of their personality, interest, aptitudes, attitude.  Educational Psychology: Study the behaviour of learner with respect to educational environment.
  • 8.  Para Psychology: Telepathy, Extra Sensory Perceptions, Rebirth.  Development Psychology: Growth and Development of human being at all stages of life. Conception till death.  Cognitive Psychology: Process and products of growth and development of cognitive abilities and capabilities of human being.  Experimental Psychology: Means of carrying out Psychological experiments in controlled or laboratory situation.  Geo Psychology: Describe and analyses the relationship between physical environment, particularly weather, climate, soil with behavior.  Community Psychology: Thinking, Feeling and doing. Knowing the individual and group behavior of the members of this community.
  • 9.  Psychometrics: Construction and use of different test and techniques meant for the measurement of various types of human abilities, capacities, process and products of human behavior.
  • 10. Applications of Psychology  Education  Guidance and Counselling  Medicine  Politics  Development of self  Human Relationship and World Peace
  • 11. Psychology and other sciences  Closer to Anthropology and Sociology  Anthropology: Physical evolution of mankind, Role of cultural factors in shaping human behvaiour.  Sociology: Development and functioning of groups: social, political, economic, religion etc.  Understanding group behavior, social factors that influence indivudal behavior.
  • 12.  Psychiatrist: Degree in Medicine, Medical training in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorder by medical.  Psychoanalyst: Trained in medicine, specialized in the theory and treatment of abnormal behavior known as psychoanalysis.